31
April Diane Young, Scot Thomas Clark: Candle holder apparatus. September 14, 1999: US05951278 (71 worldwide citation)

A candle holder apparatus includes a translucent outer shell which includes a bottom outer shell portion and a top outer shell portion and includes a translucent inner shell which includes a bottom inner shell portion and a top inner shell portion. The inner shell defines a candle-reception chamber. ...


32
Shimon Elharar: Candle and method of making same. Benjamin J Barish, August 16, 1994: US05338187 (71 worldwide citation)

A candle, comprising: a container closed at its bottom and open at its top; a first combustible material within the container, which material is liquid at room temperature; a second combustible material, which is solid at room temperature, overlying the first combustible material and closing the ope ...


33
Scott H Freeman, Frank H Asbury: Method of making candle. Stetina Brunda Garred & Brucker, May 30, 2000: US06068472 (70 worldwide citation)

A decorative candle. The candle comprises a container that defines an interior chamber. Disposed within the interior chamber is a candle core having a top surface, a bottom surface, an outer surface, and a bore. The candle core is disposed within the interior chamber such that the bottom surface of ...


34
Gerald F Kroneberger, John B Wilcox: Thermal decomposition processor and system. In Process Technology, Alvin E Hendricson, April 25, 1989: US04823711 (69 worldwide citation)

A system for thermally decomposing chemical materials efficiently and controllably heats input feed materials to very high temperatures for decomposition in the presence or absence of oxygen by heating means that may be disposed peripherally or intermediately of reaction zones may be of the protecte ...


35
Ralph A Dalla Betta, Kazunori Tsurumi, Nobuyasu Ezawa: Multistage process for combusting fuel mixtures. Catalytica, Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo, Morrison & Foerster, January 25, 1994: US05281128 (68 worldwide citation)

This invention is a combustion process having a series of stages in which the fuel is stepwise combusted using specific catalysts and catalytic structures and, optionally, a final homogeneous combustion zone. The choice of catalysts and the use of specific structures, including those employing integ ...


36
Che Cheol Lee: Melodic candle assembly. Edward H Loveman, May 14, 1991: US05015175 (68 worldwide citation)

A melodic candle assembly having a generally cylindrical wax body seated in the top of a tubular base. The wax body has an axial wick. Adjacent the wick is a thermoresponsive member comprising a thin piezoelectric strip with metal films on opposite sides thereof which serve as electrodes. An electro ...


37
Lothar Reh, Martin Hirsch, Ludolf Plass: Method of and apparatus for carrying out an exothermic process. Metallgesellschaft Aktiengesellschaft, Karl F Ross, September 5, 1978: US04111158 (68 worldwide citation)

A method of and apparatus for carrying out an exothermic process in which a combustible-containing solid (e.g. coal shale, pyrite or limestone in combination with fuel oil) are burned in a fluidized-bed reactor with primary and secondary streams of oxygen-containing combustion-sustaining gas (in a v ...


38
Kyung Hee Kim: Music candle. Ladas & Parry, February 14, 1989: US04804323 (67 worldwide citation)

A melody producing candle in which an Integrated Circuit (IC) placed within the candle is activated upon kindling of the wick to produce music. The candle stops playing music once the flame is put out. The invention is provided with a light reflector which allows adjustment of sensitivity of the can ...


39
Karlovetz Arthur Raymond: Radiant heater burner construction. International Magna Corporation, Leonard Henry K, June 4, 1974: US3814573 (67 worldwide citation)

An improved construction for the burner of a gas-fired, radiant heater in which a plurality of reverberator, combustion and guard grids are attached over the open face of a shaped plenum enclosure with common fasteners positioned around the periphery of and outside of the plenum. Between the grids a ...


40
Hans Ludwig Schirneker: Paraffin lamp. Browdy and Neimark, November 9, 1999: US05980241 (66 worldwide citation)

The invention has a container (50) for a fuel (W) with at least a partial cover (55) in which there is a non-combustible wick (52) in a wick holder (100). Above the container (50) near the wick holder there is at least one roller or upright body (RK) or in the container (50) there is a disc of solid ...