1
Louis A Ule: Programmed valve system for internal combustion engine. Dominick Nardelli, March 1, 1977: US04009695 (160 worldwide citation)

A family of embodiments of mechanical, electromechanical and electronic for the control of intake and exhaust cylinder valves applicable to both spark and compression ignition engines. Electronic control or programming of valves in respect to their opening and closing times is effected in accordance ...


2
Masatoshi Yamada, Yujiro Oshima, Katsuhiko Hattori, Hideyuki Suzuki: Internal combustion engine with auxiliary combustion chamber. Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Oblon Fisher Spivak McClelland & Maier, August 15, 1978: US04106446 (135 worldwide citation)

An internal combustion engine with an auxiliary combustion chamber is provided with a main combustion chamber for the combustion of an air-fuel mixture, an auxiliary combustion chamber communicating with the main combustion chamber through a passage, such that the ignition of an air-fuel mixture in ...


3
Takashi Moriya, Yasuyuki Komatsu, Hiroshi Sono, Takashi Sugai: Energization control method, and electromagnetic control system in electromagnetic driving device. Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha, Lyon & Lyon, June 10, 1997: US05636601 (113 worldwide citation)

An electromagnetic driving device includes an armature, a pair of electromagnets disposed in an opposed relation to each other on opposite sides of the armature so as to be able to apply an electromagnetic attracting force to the armature, and a pair of return springs for biasing the armature toward ...


4
Eiji Shirai, Yoshio Okabe, Yukimori Kobayashi: Device for adjusting an angular phase difference between two elements. Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha, Oblon Spivak McClelland Maier & Neustadt, August 22, 1989: US04858572 (109 worldwide citation)

For adjusting an angular phase difference between an engine crank shaft and an engine cam shaft, fluid under pressure is supplied into one or more chambers defined therebetween. The adjusted condition is maintained or held by mechanical engagement between both shafts.


5
Michael A Tamor, Pierre A Willermet, William C Vassell, Arup K Gangopadhyay: Powertrain component with adherent film having a graded composition. Ford Motor Company, Roger L May, Joseph W Malleck, October 5, 1993: US05249554 (107 worldwide citation)

A powertrain component (10) for use in an internal combustion engine, the powertrain component comprising a coating system including a film (30) selected from the group consisting of amorphous hydrogenated carbon, silicon-doped amorphous hydrogenated carbon, boron-, nitrogen-, boron nitride-, or met ...


6
Josef Buchl: Method of operating an electromagnetically actuated fuel intake or exhaust valve of an internal combustion engine. Karl Hormann, April 25, 1989: US04823825 (98 worldwide citation)

A method of detecting movement of an electromagnetically actuated valve of the kind useful in internal combustion engines for controlling fuel intake or exhaust emission, by monitoring the increase in energizing current for detecting a brief drop in the rising current characteristic of the armature ...


7
William E Richeson Jr: Vehicle management computer. North American Philips Corporation, February 8, 1994: US05284116 (92 worldwide citation)

A method of and apparatus for starting and accelerating a vehicle through a range of vehicle speeds during which the vehicle internal combustion engine is operated in a plurality of different operating modes is disclosed. Different operating modes are available during normal operation. Under high de ...


8
Pelizzoni Winton J, Greathouse Jack F, Pekar Jr Frank J, Gibson Richard B: Variable valve timing system. Mack Trucks, Brumbaugh Graves Donohue & Raymond, January 22, 1974: US3786792 (85 worldwide citation)

A system for varying the valve timing of an internal combustion engine to increase the retarding effect of the engine for braking purposes, to increase the compression ratio of a relatively low compression ratio engine to enhance starting, and to optimize breathing to improve the engine performance ...


9
Robert L Wood, Vijayakumar R Dhuler: Thermal arched beam microelectromechanical actuators. MCNC, Bell Seltzer Intellectual Property Law Group of Alston & Bird, June 1, 1999: US05909078 (84 worldwide citation)

Microelectromechanical actuators include at least one arched beam which extends between spaced apart supports on a microelectronic substrate. The arched beams are arched in a predetermined direction and expand upon application of heat thereto. A coupler mechanically couples the plurality of arched b ...


10
Thaddeus Schroeder, Rassem R Henry, Bruno P B Lequesne, Balarama V Murty: Method and apparatus for electrically driving engine valves. General Motors Corporation, C K Veenstra, July 12, 1994: US05327856 (82 worldwide citation)

Each valve of an internal combustion engine is driven by a separate rotary electric motor. A cam mechanism for the valves comprises a cylindrical cam in line with the motor axis and the valve stem, the mechanism having inner and outer cylinders, one cylinder rotating with the motor and carrying a ca ...



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