Masatoshi Yamada, Yujiro Oshima, Katsuhiko Hattori, Hideyuki Suzuki: Internal combustion engine with auxiliary combustion chamber. Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Oblon Fisher Spivak McClelland & Maier, August 15, 1978: US04106446 (184 worldwide citation)

An internal combustion engine with an auxiliary combustion chamber is provided with a main combustion chamber for the combustion of an air-fuel mixture, an auxiliary combustion chamber communicating with the main combustion chamber through a passage, such that the ignition of an air-fuel mixture in ...

Louis A Ule: Programmed valve system for internal combustion engine. Dominick Nardelli, March 1, 1977: US04009695 (164 worldwide citation)

A family of embodiments of mechanical, electromechanical and electronic for the control of intake and exhaust cylinder valves applicable to both spark and compression ignition engines. Electronic control or programming of valves in respect to their opening and closing times is effected in accordance ...

Takashi Moriya, Yasuyuki Komatsu, Hiroshi Sono, Takashi Sugai: Energization control method, and electromagnetic control system in electromagnetic driving device. Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha, Lyon & Lyon, June 10, 1997: US05636601 (119 worldwide citation)

An electromagnetic driving device includes an armature, a pair of electromagnets disposed in an opposed relation to each other on opposite sides of the armature so as to be able to apply an electromagnetic attracting force to the armature, and a pair of return springs for biasing the armature toward ...

Michael A Tamor, Pierre A Willermet, William C Vassell, Arup K Gangopadhyay: Powertrain component with adherent film having a graded composition. Ford Motor Company, Roger L May, Joseph W Malleck, October 5, 1993: US05249554 (111 worldwide citation)

A powertrain component (10) for use in an internal combustion engine, the powertrain component comprising a coating system including a film (30) selected from the group consisting of amorphous hydrogenated carbon, silicon-doped amorphous hydrogenated carbon, boron-, nitrogen-, boron nitride-, or met ...

Eiji Shirai, Yoshio Okabe, Yukimori Kobayashi: Device for adjusting an angular phase difference between two elements. Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha, Oblon Spivak McClelland Maier & Neustadt, August 22, 1989: US04858572 (110 worldwide citation)

For adjusting an angular phase difference between an engine crank shaft and an engine cam shaft, fluid under pressure is supplied into one or more chambers defined therebetween. The adjusted condition is maintained or held by mechanical engagement between both shafts.

Donald J Lewis, John D Russell, John O Michelini: Valve selection for an engine operating in a multi-stroke cylinder mode. Ford Global Technologies, Allan J Lippa, Alleman Hall McCoy Russell & Tuttle, June 20, 2006: US07063062 (102 worldwide citation)

A method to control valve patterns in a cylinder operating in a multi-stroke cylinder mode. Valves are controlled to improve drivability and emissions.

Josef Buchl: Method of operating an electromagnetically actuated fuel intake or exhaust valve of an internal combustion engine. Karl Hormann, April 25, 1989: US04823825 (102 worldwide citation)

A method of detecting movement of an electromagnetically actuated valve of the kind useful in internal combustion engines for controlling fuel intake or exhaust emission, by monitoring the increase in energizing current for detecting a brief drop in the rising current characteristic of the armature ...

Alex Gibson, Nate Trask, Dennis Reed, Ilya V Kolmanovsky: Vehicle braking control. Ford Global Technologies, Allan J Lippa, Alleman Hall McCoy Russell & Tuttle, April 19, 2011: US07930087 (99 worldwide citation)

A method of operating an engine for a vehicle having at least a first cylinder, the method comprising of operating the first cylinder to provide at least one of compression braking and expansion braking by holding one of an intake valve and an exhaust valve of the first cylinder closed while opening ...

William E Richeson Jr: Vehicle management computer. North American Philips Corporation, February 8, 1994: US05284116 (94 worldwide citation)

A method of and apparatus for starting and accelerating a vehicle through a range of vehicle speeds during which the vehicle internal combustion engine is operated in a plurality of different operating modes is disclosed. Different operating modes are available during normal operation. Under high de ...

Bruno P B Lequesne: Variable lift operation of bistable electromechanical poppet valve actuator. General Motors Corporation, Robert M Sigler, May 16, 1989: US04829947 (94 worldwide citation)

A valve actuating device for an internal combustion engine is operated with partial valve lift. The valve is spring biased toward a neutral central position but held in full open or closed positions by permanent magnets having associated coils. Normal activation of the valve between full open and cl ...