1
Ellwood A Randolph: Process for controlling the rate of growth of particulate masses. Llewellyn A Proctor, May 22, 1979: US04155774 (15 worldwide citation)

A vacuum pan is controlled by directly monitoring the total solids concentration of a boiling solution. A preferred type of process relates the change in concentration of sugar in a massecuite to the growth rate and increase in the number of crystals, and uses this relationship to control the rate o ...


2
Peter H Petri: Continuous crystallization process and apparatus. Godchaux Henderson Sugar Co, Bruce G Klaas, Dennis K Shelton, February 22, 1977: US04009045 (12 worldwide citation)

Sugar is continuously crystallized from a sugar bearing solution in a single stage vacuum pan by a method and apparatus comprising means for and the steps of continuously supplying a sugar bearing solution of a constant, desired purity to the vacuum pan by combining a relatively low purity sugar bea ...


3
Boulange Laurence, Haegeli Francoise, Chobert Joel: Heat transfer tube for use in evaporation of food fluids has small level changes in its outer surface to increase its wettability, and hence heat transfer. Meusienne Const Mec, December 29, 2000: FR2795337-A1 (8 worldwide citation)

A stainless steel tube (1) has slight changes in its outer surface level (2 and 3), either longitudinal grooves (as shown) or projections. The surface changes are less than 0.2 mm in depth, but are sufficient to encourage condensate to collect quickly into droplets and run away. An independent claim ...


4
De Villiers Octave D Hotman, Hussain Aziz: Compartmentalized vacuum pan for crystallization of sugar. Hyesons Sugar Mills, Ostrolenk Faber Gerb & Soffen, April 22, 1975: US3879215 (8 worldwide citation)

A vacuum pan for the crystallization of sugar by the continuous boiling of a seeded sugar syrup is made up of a vapor-tight horizontal elongated cylindrical casing divided into compartments by static transverse partitions. Preferably at least seven partitions are used. The compartments all open into ...


5
Austmeyer Klaus Dr Ing, Reinefeld Erich Prof Dr: Process and apparatus for continuous evaporative crystallisation.. Braunschweigische Masch Bau, December 1, 1982: EP0065775-A2 (7 worldwide citation)

1. Process for continuous evaporation crystallisation in a suspension comprising juice and crystals in order to obtain sugar in which the suspension is passed in succession through a plurality of treatment chambers, which are separate from one another, is set in internal circulation in the treatment ...


6
Yoshiyuki Oyama, Yoshio Matsuo, Hiroaki Nishi: Method for treating sugar solution. Riken Vitamin Oil, Armstrong Nikaido Marmelstein & Kubovcik, January 24, 1984: US04427454 (6 worldwide citation)

A method for treating a sugar solution in which one, two or more than two kinds of esters selected from the group consisting of glycerol mono-aceto mono-fatty acid ester, glycerol mono-aceto di-fatty acid ester and glycerol di-aceto mono-fatty acid ester composed of a fatty acid of 12 carbons or com ...


7
Bernhard Koch, José de Vilchez Kehr, Reinhard Merge Isberg: Process and device for the continuous conveyance of confections. Klockner Hansel Processing, Pendorf & Cutliff, December 20, 2005: US06976575 (5 worldwide citation)

Described is a conveyor for confections having the design that the material is conveyed along a flow path which is essentially free from abrupt detours or direction changes. In the case of utilization of helix rotors as conveyors this occurs in that the helical rotors (3, 11) are mounted respectivel ...


8
Niepoth Klaus: Heat exchanger. Duerr Balcke, July 15, 1998: EP0853224-A1 (5 worldwide citation)

A heat exchanger has several pairs of plates. Each plate forming a pair (7) is joined to the adjacent plate by a welded seam around the edge. Pairs of plates are assembled into stacks. One fluid medium flows through the gap between the pairs and the other fluid medium flows between the pairs. The pl ...


9
Borg Heinz, Morgenroth Boris, Niepoth Klaus: Evaporator. Balcke Duerr, September 4, 1996: EP0729772-A2 (5 worldwide citation)

Evaporator, partic. for the sugar industry, contains at least two heat exchangers (2,3) through which the product to be thickened flows successively. The first heat exchanger removes water fractions as steam and the other is heated by this vapour. The heat exchangers are positioned one above the oth ...


10
Schmid Karl Heinz Dr, Meffert Alfred Dr, Schenker Gilbert Dr, Asbeck Adolf: Anti-foam products for the production and treatment of foods or for fermentation processes.. Henkel Kgaa, July 19, 1989: EP0324340-A2 (5 worldwide citation)

End-group-protected alcohol oligoglycol ethers of the general formula (I> R-(OCH2CH2)n-OR1 (I), in which R is a saturated or unsaturated linear or branched alkyl radical having 6 to 28 C atoms, R1 is a linear alkyl radical having 1 to 8 C atoms and n is a number from 2 to 10, are used as antifoaming ...



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