31
Per Harald Collin: Apparatus for and process of converting carbonaceous materials containing sulphur to an essentially sulphur-free combustible gas. Stora Kopparbergs Bergslags Aktiebolag, Curtis Morris & Safford, May 31, 1977: US04026679 (38 worldwide citation)

A process for the conversion of carbonaceous materials containing sulphur to an essentially sulphur-free combustible gas by gasification, comprising partially gasifying the carbonaceous material in a first circulating fluid bed by supplying to said zone adjusted streams of the carbonaceous material, ...


32
Francis J A M C De Blauwe: Thermochromic composition. N V Raychem, Lyon & Lyon, August 17, 1982: US04344909 (37 worldwide citation)

Heat-recoverable articles carrying a "thermochromic" composition comprising organic materials which melt and decompose to provide a color-change indicating that the articles have been heated to a certain temperature, e.g. to melt a sealant carried on the surface of the article which is to contact a ...


33
Koss Ulrich: (De) Verfahren zur gewinnung von kohlendioxid, (En) Process for obtaining carbon dioxide. Lurgi, Koss Ulrich, May 22, 2008: WO/2008/058636 (35 worldwide citation)

(EN) In a process for obtaining CO2, desulfurized natural gas or gas which accompanies mineral oil is reformed autothermally with addition of oxygenous gas at a temperature of from 900 to 1200°C and a pressure of from 40 to 100 bar (a) by partial catalytic oxidation to give a crude synthesis gas, an ...


34
Arthur P Skelley, James C McMichael: Low temperature No.sub.x /So.sub.x removal apparatus. Nils H Ljungman & Associates, March 12, 1991: US04999167 (35 worldwide citation)

Exhaust gases from a process fired boiler are diverted from a stack prior to emission to the atmosphere through a duct system to a plurality of series connected heat exchangers. The exhaust gases are progressively reduced from an elevated temperature, for example in the range between about 350.degre ...


35
Topsoe Haldor Frederick Axel, Nielsen Carsten Sejrbo: Procede de conversion de charbon et/ou de fractions lourdes de petrole en hydrogene ou gaz de synthese de lammoniac. Topsoe Haldor, September 25, 1981: FR2478615-A1 (35 worldwide citation)

In the process according to the invention, hydrogen or ammonia synthesis gas, which essentially consists only of hydrogen and nitrogen, are obtained from coal and/or heavy petroleum fractions by gasification with steam and an oxygen-containing gas, cooling of the crude gas thus formed by quenching a ...


36
Reich Manfred, Muller Wolfgang, ZUR Hausen Manfred: Hydrogenation catalysts and process for the removal of aldehydes and ketones from gaseous streams rich in carbon monoxide. Chemische Werke Huls Aktiengesellschaft, Wells Gilbert L, December 9, 1975: US3925490 (35 worldwide citation)

Aldehydes and ketones contained in gaseous streams rich in carbon monoxide, such as produced in the Oxo process, are selectively hydrogenated to alcohols on copper/chromium supported catalysts.


37
Baker Bernard S, Huebler Jack, Linden Henry R, Meek John: Process for selective removal by methanation of carbon monoxide from a mixture of gases containing carbon dioxide. Company Consolidated Natural Gas, Company Southern California Gas, Company Southern Counties Gas, October 26, 1971: US3615164 (35 worldwide citation)

A process for recovering a substantially carbon monoxide free mixture of gases particularly useful as a low-cost fuel for acid fuel cells from a mixture of gases including hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide wherein the quantity of carbon dioxide is high relative to the quantity of carbon ...


38
Ogawa Masahiro, Takita Yusaku: Method for separating and recovering carbon monoxide from generated gas of hydrogen production apparatus at petroleum refinery. Oita Univ, June 29, 2006: JP2006-169476 (34 worldwide citation)

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a method for separating and recovering carbon monoxide from a generated gas of a hydrogen production apparatus at a refinery, which solves the problem that a carbon monoxide generated as a by-product in a reformer of a hydrogen production apparatus of a petroleum ref ...


39
Donald E Woodmansee: Coal gasification power plant and process. General Electric Company, Richard G Jackson, Joseph T Cohen, Leo I MaLossi, April 24, 1979: US04150953 (34 worldwide citation)

In an integrated coal gasification power plant, a humidifier is provided for transferring as vapor, from the aqueous blowdown liquid into relatively dry air, both (I) at least a portion of the water contained in the aqueous liquid and (II) at least a portion of the volatile hydrocarbons therein. The ...


40
Prasad Ravi, Gottzmann Christian Friedrich: Reactor comprising a ceramic membrane for carrying out endothermic reactions and process for providing heat to endotermic reactions. Praxair Technology, March 8, 2000: EP0984500-A2 (33 worldwide citation)

Syngas, a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide, is an intermediate in the conversion of methane to liquid fuels. For certain applications, it is desirable to maintain an H2/CO molar ratio of about 3. This molar ratio is achieved by steam reforming of methane in accordance with: CH4 + H2O -> 3H2 + ...