1
Norma L Gilli: Apparatus and method employing plural electrode configurations for cardioversion of atrial fibrillation in an arrhythmia control system. Telectronics Pacing Systems, Gottlieb Rackman & Reisman, May 11, 1993: US05209229 (447 worldwide citation)

An implantable device and a method for the automatic detection of atrial arrhythmias and for providing low energy atrial cardioversion therapy for such arrhythmias, with minimal tissue damage and power drain, is disclosed. The device is capable of being incorporated within, and is disclosed as part ...


2
Donald M Cohen: System and method for implanting cardiac electrical leads. Fitch Even Tabin & Flannery, August 9, 1994: US05336252 (392 worldwide citation)

The present invention provides a system and method for implanting electric leads in the pericardial space of a heart. The system includes a suction cup mounted to the distal end of a guiding catheter. A vacuum pump evacuates the guiding catheter whereby the suction cup is held against the pericardiu ...


3
John G Keimel, Joseph A Ballis, Glenn M Roline: Apparatus for monitoring electrical physiologic signals. Medtronic, Reed A Duthler, Harold R Patton, June 2, 1992: US05117824 (365 worldwide citation)

An implantable cardiac pacemaker and/or cardioverter/defibrillator employing an R-wave detector which atuomatically adjusts its sensing threshold in response to R-wave amplitude. The R-wave detector produces an output which is used to indicate the occurrence of ventricular contractions, and is used ...


4
Roger W Dahl, Robert W Wickham deceased, David K Swanson, David Lipson: Stent-type defibrillation electrode structures. Cardiac Pacemakers, Haugen and Nikolai, July 2, 1996: US05531779 (363 worldwide citation)

Implantable electrode structures for use in apparatus for applying electrical therapy to a patient's heart in the treatment of arrhythmias such as tachycardias and fibrillations of the heart are herein disclosed. The electrode structures are made in the form of expandable (or self-expanding) intrava ...


5
Gust H Bardy, Riccardo Cappato: Unitary subcutaneous only implantable cardioverter-defibrillator and optional pacer. Cameron Health, Gottlieb Rackman & Reisman P C, November 11, 2003: US06647292 (294 worldwide citation)

A unitary subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator is disclosed which has a long thin housing in the shape of a patient's rib. The housing contains a source of electrical energy, a capacitor, and operational circuitry that senses the presence of potentially fatal heart rhythms. Provi ...


6
Robert S Kieval: Cardiac arrhythmia management by application of adnodal stimulation for hyperpolarization of myocardial cells. Medtronic, Harold R Patton, Michael B Atlass, September 29, 1998: US05814079 (288 worldwide citation)

An anodal stimulation method and apparatus for the prevention or treatment of tachyarrhythmias using anodal stimulation (AS) energy for effecting hyperpolarization of myocardial cells of a heart chamber to enhance the relaxation thereof in the diastolic phase and to enhance cardiac function, reverse ...


7
Rodney W Salo, Julio C Spinelli, Bruce A Tockman: Cardiac stimulating apparatus and method for heart failure therapy. Cardiac Pacemakers, Haugen and Nikolai, August 2, 1994: US05334222 (282 worldwide citation)

A cardiac rhythm management device includes a dual-chamber pacemaker especially designed for treating congestive heart failure and a defibrillator as a back-up measure. The device incorporates a programmed microcontroller which is operative to adjust the AV delay of the pacemaker to a minimum or max ...


8
Theodore P Adams: Neuro-stimulation to control pain during cardioversion defibrillation. Angeion Corporation, Brad Pedersen, August 11, 1998: US05792187 (281 worldwide citation)

A system and method for reducing the perceived pain by a patient occurring during cardioversion/defibrillation countershocks to the heart. The system comprises an electrode subsystem for positioning at least one electrode in contact with a patient, a pain reducing stimulation subsystem for providing ...


9
Brigitte Stroetmann, Konrad Mund, Siegfried Kallert: Method and apparatus for detecting a state of imminent cardiac arrhythmia in response to a nerve signal from the autonomic nerve system to the heart, and for administrating anti-arrhythmia therapy in response thereto. Pacesetter, Hill Steadman & Simpson, August 19, 1997: US05658318 (279 worldwide citation)

A device for detecting a state of imminent cardiac arrhythmia, relative to a normal state for a heart, in response to activity in nerve signals conveying information from the autonomic nerve system to the heart, contains a sensor body for sensing neural activity, a comparator with a threshold value ...


10
Robert G Hauser: Implantable intravenous cardiac stimulation system with pulse generator housing serving as optional additional electrode. Cardiac Pacemakers, Fleit Jacobson Cohn Price Holman & Stern, July 28, 1992: US05133353 (275 worldwide citation)

A pulse generator housing for enclosing and containing pulse generator defibrillation circuitry. At least one surface is electrically conductive and connected to the pulse generator circuitry for delivering defibrillating energy to the heart. The pulse generator housing is implanted in the pectoral ...