1
Julio C Palmaz: Expandable intraluminal graft, and method and apparatus for implanting an expandable intraluminal graft. Expandable Grafts Partnership, Ben D Tobor, March 29, 1988: US04733665 (2530 worldwide citation)

An expandable intraluminal vascular graft is expanded within a blood vessel by an angioplasty balloon associated with a catheter to dilate and expand the lumen of a blood vessel. The graft may be a wire mesh tube.


2
Cesare Gianturco: Percutaneous endovascular stent and method for insertion thereof. Cook Incorporated, Woodard Weikart Emhardt & Naughton, April 8, 1986: US04580568 (1336 worldwide citation)

An endovascular stent formed of stainless steel wire of 0.018 inches diameter and arranged in a closed zig-zag pattern. The stent is compressed into a reduced size shape of an outer diameter which is many times smaller than its expanded shape. The stent is positioned in a passageway in the vascular ...


3
Julio C Palmaz: Expandable intraluminal graft, and method and apparatus for implanting an expandable intraluminal graft. Expandable Grafts Partnership, Ben D Tobor, April 26, 1988: US04739762 (1152 worldwide citation)

An expandable and deformable intraluminal vascular graft is expanded within a blood vessel by an angioplasty balloon associated with a catheter to dilate and expand the lumen of a blood vessel. The graft may be a thin-walled tubular member having a plurality of slots disposed substantially parallel ...


4
Morris Simon: Blood clot filter. Beth Israel Hospital, January 17, 1984: US04425908 (1116 worldwide citation)

A blood clot filter is inwardly radially collapsible into a collapsed configuration for insertion into a vein, and upon insertion automatically radially expands into a predetermined functional form which is in contact with the inner wall of the vein. In the expanded configuration, the filter compris ...


5
Richard A Hillstead: Endovascular stent apparatus and method. Cordis Corporation, Watts Hoffman Fisher & Heinke Co, August 15, 1989: US04856516 (980 worldwide citation)

A stent for reinforcing a vessel wall is constructed from a single elongated wire. The wire is first bent into a series of tight bends. The wire is then further bent into a sequence of loops that are connected by half hitch junctions and interconnections which are either aligned or spiral around a c ...


6
Howard J Leonhardt, Trevor Greenan: Percutaneous placement valve stent. World Medical Manufacturing, Paul F Bawel, September 28, 1999: US05957949 (933 worldwide citation)

An artificial valve stent for maintaining patent one way flow within a biological passage is disclosed. The artificial valve includes a tubular graft having radially compressible annular spring portions for biasing proximal and distal ends of the graft into conforming fixed engagement with the inter ...


7
David C MacGregor: Bifurcating stent apparatus and method. Cordis Corporation, Watts Hoffmann Fisher & Heinke Co, February 19, 1991: US04994071 (908 worldwide citation)

A bifurcating stent for insertion into a bifurcating vessel such as a blood vessel. The stent can be expanded from an insertion configuration to an implanted configuration by the application of radially outward forces against a series of interconnected wire loops that make up the stent. The preferre ...


8
Hans I Wallsten: Prosthesis comprising an expansible or contractile tubular body. Shepherd Patents, Burns Doane Swecker & Mathis, September 4, 1990: US04954126 (820 worldwide citation)

A prosthesis for transluminal implantation comprising a flexible tubular body which has a diameter that is variable by axial movement of the ends of the body relative to each other and which is composed of several individual rigid but flexible thread elements each of which extends in helix configura ...


9
Alfidi Ralph J, Cross William B: Vessel implantable appliance and method of implanting it. Watts Hoffmann Fisher & Heinke, March 4, 1975: US3868956 (812 worldwide citation)

An expansible appliance and methods of making and implanting it in a vessel of an animal. The expansible appliance comprises a nickel-titanium alloy which is initially formed in an expanded configuration and is then deformed to a straight-line configuration for implantation. Once placed in a desired ...


10
Alexander B Balko, Dhiraj M Shah: Process for restoring patency to body vessels. Robert J Doherty, April 23, 1985: US04512338 (797 worldwide citation)

A process in which a shape memory alloy such as nitinol wire which has been previously fabricated in its parent phase to form a longitudinally oriented coil of adjacent wire loops and thereafter cooled to its martensite phase and reshaped to a relatively straight shape, is utilized as an intra-lumin ...