1
Janez Funda, David A LaRose, Russell H Taylor: System and method for augmentation of endoscopic surgery. International Business Machines Corporation, Louis J Percello, May 23, 1995: US05417210 (719 worldwide citation)

The present method and apparatus use image processing to determine information about the position of a designated object. The invention is particularly useful in applications where the object is difficult to view or locate. In particular, the invention is used in endoscopic surgery to determine posi ...


2
Gavriel J Iddan, Doron Sturlesi: In vivo video camera system. State of Israel Ministry of Defense Armament Development Authority, Forrest E Gunnison, Skjervan Morrill MacPherson Franklin & Friel, February 18, 1997: US05604531 (562 worldwide citation)

An in vivo video camera system and an autonomous video endoscope are described. Each system includes a swallowable capsule, a transmitter and a reception system. The swallowable capsule includes a camera system and an optical system for imaging an area of interest onto the camera system. The transmi ...


3
Kevin Thomas Foley, Maurice Mell Smith, John B Clayton, Joseph Moctezuma: Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery. Danek Medical, Woodard Emhardt Naughton Moriarty & McNett, August 11, 1998: US05792044 (527 worldwide citation)

Devices and methods for performing percutaneous spinal surgery under direct visualization and through a single cannula are shown. A device (10) is provided which includes an elongated cannula (20) having a first inner diameter (D.sub.I) and an outer diameter (D.sub.O) sized for percutaneous introduc ...


4
Joseph M Tartaglia, Wade A Keller, Amir Belson, Arthur R Ratchford: Endoscope with adjacently positioned guiding apparatus. Neoguide Systems, Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati, January 10, 2006: US06984203 (456 worldwide citation)

An endoscope with guiding apparatus is provided. The endoscope has an elongate body with a steerable distal portion, an automatically controlled portion, a flexible and passively manipulated proximal portion, and an externally controlled and manipulatable guiding apparatus. The guiding apparatus may ...


5
Vahid Saadat, Richard C Ewers, Eugene G Chen: Shape lockable apparatus and method for advancing an instrument through unsupported anatomy. USGI Medical, Townsend and Townsend and Crew, September 14, 2004: US06790173 (445 worldwide citation)

Apparatus and methods are provided for placing and advancing a diagnostic or therapeutic instrument in a hollow body organ of a tortuous or unsupported anatomy, comprising a handle, an overtube, a distal region having an atraumatic tip. The overtube may be removable from the handle, and have a longi ...


6
Kurtis P Keller, Jeremy D Ackerman, Michael H Rosenthal, Henry Fuchs, Andrei State: Methods and systems for real-time structured light depth extraction and endoscope using real-time structured light depth extraction. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Jenkins & Wilson P A, January 7, 2003: US06503195 (404 worldwide citation)

A real-time structured light depth extraction system includes a projector for projecting structured light patterns onto an object of interest. A camera positioned off-axis from the projector samples light reflected from the object synchronously with the projection of structured light patterns and ou ...


7
Michael Zemlok, David C Racenet: Powered surgical instrument. Tyco Healthcare Group, May 31, 2011: US07950560 (368 worldwide citation)

A surgical instrument including a housing, an endoscopic portion, a drive gear, a drive motor, a shift motor and an end effector is disclosed. The endoscopic portion extends distally from the housing and defines a longitudinal axis. The drive gear is disposed at least partially within the housing an ...


8
J Christopher Flaherty: Sterility barriers for insertion of non-sterile apparatus into catheters or other medical devices. TransVascular, Robert D Buyan, Stout Uxa Buyan & Mullins, July 8, 2003: US06589164 (327 worldwide citation)

Methods, apparatus and systems wherein the distal portion of an elongate apparatus (e.g., a catheter or cannula) having a sealed lumen (e.g., a blind lumen) formed therein is insertable into the body of a mammalian patient and a tubular sterility barrier is attached to or formed on the proximal port ...


9
Gavriel J Iddan, Dov Avni, Arkady Glukhovsky, Gavriel Meron: Device for in-vivo imaging. Given Imaging, Pearl Cohen Zedek Latzer, March 7, 2006: US07009634 (326 worldwide citation)

The present invention provides a system and method for obtaining in vivo images. The system contains an imaging system and an ultra low power radio frequency transmitter for transmitting signals from the CMOS imaging camera to a receiving system located outside a patient. The imaging system includes ...


10
Warren Scott Grundfest, Joel W Burdick IV, Andrew Brett Slatkin: Robotic endoscopy. Cedars Sinai Medical Center, California Institute of Technology, Lyon & Lyon, September 2, 1997: US05662587 (311 worldwide citation)

A robot for performing endoscopic procedures in flexible and curved human or animal lumens. A plurality of segments are attached to each other. Traction segments embrace the lumen walls. Other segments include actuators that cause the endoscope to locally deform its shape via bending, extending, or ...