1
Stephen J Failla, Michael J Stokes, Daniel W Price, Charles M Rarey, Bennie Thompson: Endoscopic instrument having articulating element. Ethicon, Dressler Goldsmith Shore & Milnamow, March 26, 1996: US05501654 (441 worldwide citation)

An elastically deformable element having multiple stacked strips for articulation in an endoscopic surgical instrument. The deformable element is usable in a variable retractor and an instrument having an articulating housing. The working section of the retractor variably moves from a curved configu ...


2
Daniel P Rodak: Surgical fastening apparatus with locking mechanism. United States Surgical Corporation, November 28, 1995: US05470006 (412 worldwide citation)

An improved apparatus for applying surgical fasteners to body tissue includes a cartridge containing a plurality of fasteners, an anvil positioned opposite the cartridge, and a locking mechanism to prevent re-approximation of the cartridge towards the anvil after the fasteners are fired and the cart ...


3
David A Nicholas, Ernie Aranyi, Boris Zvenyatsky, Paul A Matula, Stanley H Remiszewski, David T Green, Henry Bolanos: Articulating endoscopic surgical apparatus. United States Surgical Corporation, May 7, 1996: US05514157 (409 worldwide citation)

A surgical instrument is provided for use in endoscopic or laparoscopic procedures. The instrument includes a handle portion, an endoscopic portion extending from the handle portion, an articulating section pivotably connected to a distal end portion of the endoscopic portion, and a retractor assemb ...


4
Peter M Bonutti: Mechanically expandable arthroscopic retractors. Tarolli Sundheim & Covell, October 3, 1995: US05454365 (386 worldwide citation)

A mechanically expandable retractor for use in arthroscopic surgery. The retractor has an expanding portion at its distal end for expanding against sub-surface tissues when the retractor is in use. The expanding portion includes a plurality of radially expanding The radially outermost surface of eac ...


5
Tibor B Koros, Gabriel J Koros: Lumbar spinal fusion retractor and distractor system. David O Reilly, August 31, 1999: US05944658 (379 worldwide citation)

A lumbar laminectomy retractor and distractor system comprised of a unique retractor system and unique distractor system. The retractor has one or more retractor frames including retractor blades for placement in an incision. The blades can be placed in an incision and then engaged by a retractor fr ...


6
Peter M Bonutti: Mechanically expandable arthroscopic retractors. General Surgical Innovations, Lyon & Lyon, March 30, 1999: US05888196 (368 worldwide citation)

A mechanically expandable retractor for use in arthroscopic surgery. The retractor has an expanding portion at its distal end for expanding against sub-surface tissues when the retractor is in use. The expanding portion includes a plurality of radially expanding arms. The radially outermost surface ...


7
Joseph R Wilder, Franklin G Reick: Medical instrument and light pipe illumination assembly. Michael Ebert, January 7, 1986: US04562832 (333 worldwide citation)

A disposable medical instrument and light pipe illumination assembly fabricated of synthetic plastic material. When put to use, the instrument, such as a surgical retractor, assumes a position at which its operative section lies adjacent the field of medical interest, such as a body cavity or surgic ...


8
Frank Yuen: Surgical retractor device. Collard Roe & Galgano, January 15, 1991: US04984564 (332 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to a surgical retractor which comprises an inflatable sleeve that may be deflated, when not in use, so as to assume a precoiled position; and which may be inflated by air pressure, when in use, so as to define an uncoiled generally circular aperture.


9
Hallett Mathews, Bradley T Estes, Eddie Ray III, Mingyan Liu: Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery. SDGI Holdings, Woodard Emhardt Naughton Moriarty & McNett, March 27, 2001: US06206826 (311 worldwide citation)

A percutaneous surgical system includes a plurality of tissue retractors configured to maintain a working space within soft tissue. The tissue retractors include a prong on their inner surfaces for engaging a ring member. The ring member maintains the position of the tissue retractors while also def ...


10
Frederic H Moll, Charles Gresl Jr, Albert K Chin, Philip K Hopper: Retraction methods using endoscopic inflatable retraction devices. Origin Medsystems, Limbach & Limbach, May 10, 1994: US05309896 (310 worldwide citation)

A method for retracting an organ inside the body in the course of treating adjacent tissue. An inflatable retractor is provided. The inflatable retractor includes a flexible wall which may be expanded into place within the body, and which enclosed a main chamber. The inflatable retractor also includ ...