1
William J Bowerman, Stanley L James, Dennis E Vixie: Multilayered sole athletic shoe with improved foam mid-sole. BRS, Klarquist Sparkman Campbell Leigh Hall & Whinston, December 12, 1978: US04128950 (125 worldwide citation)

An athletic shoe of reduced weight is described employing low density, closed cell, synthetic plastic foam for an intermediate sole layer and/or heel lift sole layer between a harder outer sole layer and the shoe upper. The foam is a polyethylene or ethylene vinyl acetate foam having a density not s ...


2
William J Bowerman, Stanley L James, Dennis E Vixie: Cleated sole for athletic shoe. BRS, Klarquist Sparkman Campbell Leigh Hall & Whinston, July 4, 1978: US04098011 (95 worldwide citation)

A cleated outer sole for an athletic shoe is described which includes two pairs of heel and toe cleats of large ground engaging surface area to provide a long wearing sole. These pairs of large cleats are surrounded by smaller gripping cleats of substantially the same height as such larger cleats an ...


3
William J Bowerman: Athletic shoe having external heel counter. BRS, Klarquist Sparkman Campbell Leigh Hall & Whinston, March 17, 1981: US04255877 (78 worldwide citation)

An athletic shoe is described having an external heel counter member made of a resilient material, such as rubber or other elastomer for greater stability and comfort. The external heel counter is bonded to the outer surface of both sides of the heel portion of the shoe upper and extends around the ...


4
William J Bowerman: Athletic shoe for artificial turf with molded cleats on the sides thereof. BRS, Klarquist Sparkman Campbell Leigh Hall & Whinston, March 25, 1980: US04194310 (67 worldwide citation)

Athletic shoes with molded cleats of resilient material for use on artificial turf or other hard surfaces are disclosed including first cleats provided on the bottom of the shoe sole positioned beneath the foot of the wearer and second cleats provided on both sides of the shoe. The second cleats are ...


5
William J Bowerman: Track shoe having metatarsal cushion on spike plate. BRS, Schuyler Banner Birch McKie & Beckett, December 7, 1982: US04361971 (59 worldwide citation)

A track shoe is described having a cushion member of resilient elastomer material secured to the bottom surface of its spike plate beneath the metatarsal bones of the wearer's foot. The cushion member is positioned behind and separate from the rearmost spikes on such spike plate. Such cushion member ...


6
William J Bowerman, Stanley L James, Dennis E Vixie: Athletic shoe having laterally elongated metatarsal cleat. BRS, Klarquist Sparkman Campbell Leigh Hall & Whinston, August 22, 1978: US04107858 (49 worldwide citation)

An athletic shoe is described with an outer sole having a laterally elongated matetarsal cleat of resilient material molded integral with such outer sole. The metatarsal cleat extends laterally across the entire width of the toe portion of the sole in a position immediately behind the heads of the m ...


7
William J Bowerman, Geoffrey L Hollister, Stanley L James, Dennis E Vixie: Track shoes having straight last and improved spike placement. BRS, Klarquist Sparkman Campbell Leigh Hall & Whinston, July 15, 1980: US04212120 (16 worldwide citation)

A track shoe is described having a shoe upper and sole made on a straight last, whose last axis bisects the heel and passes through the second metatarsal head of the wearer's foot. The spike plate portion of the sole has a rear pair of spike fasteners which place the two rearmost spikes behind the h ...