1
Masato Isogai, Shintaroo Hattori, Kishiroo Iwasaki, Teruo Kitamura, Akio Mukoh, Takashi Inukai, Kenji Furukawa, Kanetsugu Terashima, Shinichi Saitoh: Ferroelectric liquid crystal compounds and liquid crystal compositions. Hitachi, Antonelli Terry & Wands, March 18, 1986: US04576732 (112 worldwide citation)

The present invention is characterized by a smectic liquid crystal compound represented by the following formula: ##STR1## wherein R is selected from alkyl and alkoxy groups; X from ##STR2## m and n are natural numbers; and R* is an optically active group containing an asymmetric carbon atom, and a ...


2
Takashi Inukai, Kenji Furukawa, Kanetsugu Terashima, Shinichi Saito: Liquid crystalline compounds and mixtures thereof. Chisso Corporation, Fred Philpitt, June 24, 1986: US04596667 (91 worldwide citation)

Novel ferroelectric liquid crystalline compounds having a superior stability and chiral, smectic liquid crystalline compositions containing at least one kind of the same are provided, which compounds are expressed by the general formula ##STR1## wherein ##STR2## represents 1,4-phenylene group ##STR3 ...


3
Hiromichi Inoue, Shinichi Saito, Kanetsugu Terashima, Takashi Inukai, Kenji Furukawa: Liquid crystalline biphenyl derivatives and mixtures thereof. Chisso Corporation, Fred Philpitt, September 30, 1986: US04614609 (72 worldwide citation)

Chiral smectic compounds having a high response rate and being superior as a ferroelectric liquid crystalline material, and chiral smectic mixtures containing the same are provided, which compounds being expressed by the formula ##STR1## wherein X represents --CH.sub.2 --, --O-- or --CO--; n represe ...


4
Minoru Suzuki, Toshiaki Murakami, Takahiro Inamura, Takashi Inukai, Youichi Enomoto: Oxide superconductor Josephson junction and fabrication method therefor. Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Public Corporation, Frishauf Holtz Goodman and Woodward, February 23, 1982: US04316785 (71 worldwide citation)

A tunneling Josephson junction is disclosed in which first and second superposed superconducting electrode layers are formed of thin films of oxide superconducting materials having a perovskite structure of BaPB.sub.1-x Bi.sub.x O.sub.3. A barrier layer interposed between these superconducting elect ...


5
Hiromichi Inoue, Shinichi Saito, Kanetsugu Terashima, Takashi Inukai, Kenji Furukawa: Liquid crystalline carbonic acid esters and liquid crystal compositions containing the same. Chisso Corporation, Fred Philpitt, May 20, 1986: US04589996 (45 worldwide citation)

A novel chiral liquid crystalline compound having an optically active group and a liquid crystal composition containing the same are provided, which compound is expressed by the general formula ##STR1## wherein R is a linear chain or branched alkyl group of 1.about.18 C; l is 0 or 1; X is COO or --O ...


6
Kazutoshi Miyazawa, Hiromichi Inoue, Shinichi Saito, Takashi Inukai, Kanetsugu Terashima, Mitsuyoshi Inchihashi: Halogen-containing, optically active liquid crystal compound and liquid crystal composition containing same. Chisso Corporation, Wenderoth Lind & Ponack, October 25, 1988: US04780242 (39 worldwide citation)

A novel optically active liquid crystal compound and a liquid crystal composition containing the same are provided, which compound is expressed by the formula ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 is alkyl or alkoxy of 4-18 C; R.sub.2 is alkyl, alkoxy, acyl or alkoxymethyl of 4-18 C; but either one of R.sub.1 or ...


7
Hiromichi Inoue, Takashi Inukai, Kouji Ohno, Kazutoshi Miyazawa, Shinichi Saito: Halogen-containing heterocyclic compound and liquid crystal composition. Chisso Corporation, Wenderoth Lind & Ponack, August 23, 1988: US04765924 (38 worldwide citation)

A novel liquid crystalline, halogen-containing heterocyclic compound having a characteristic that even when its S.sub.c * phase is supercooled, no other smectic phases appear, and a liquid crystal composition containing the same are provided, which compound is expressed by the formula ##STR1## where ...


8
Shinichi Saito, Hiromichi Inoue, Kazutoshi Miyazawa, Takashi Inukai, Kanetsugu Terashima: Liquid crystal compound having methyleneoxy group and composition containing same. Chisso Corporation, Wenderoth Lind & Ponack, May 26, 1987: US04668427 (37 worldwide citation)

A novel chiral liquid crystal compound having an optically active group which affords a superior response rate when used as a liquid crystal display element, and a liquid crystal composition containing the same are provided, which chiral liquid crystal compound is expressed by the formula ##STR1## w ...


9
Takashi Inukai, Hiromichi Inoue, Kenji Furukawa, Hideo Sato, Shigeru Sugimori: Liquid crystal 2,3-dicyano-hydroquinone derivatives. Chisso Corporation, Fred Philpitt, July 21, 1981: US04279770 (37 worldwide citation)

Liquid crystal materials for liquid crystal display, having a large negative dielectric anisotropy and maintaining a liquid crystal state at a broad temperature range including room temperature are provided. These materials contain novel compounds expressed by the general formula (I) ##STR1## wherei ...


10
Takashi Inukai, Hideo Sato, Shigeru Sugimori, Tetsuya Ishibe: P-cyanophenyl 4-alkyl-4-biphenylcarboxylate, method for preparing same and liquid crystal compositions using same. Chisso Corporation, Fred Philpitt, April 12, 1977: US04017416 (31 worldwide citation)

Novel nematic liquid crystal compounds having a broad nematic temperature range and a positive dielectric anisotropy by themselves, that is, p-cyanophenyl 4-alkyl-4'-biphenylcarboxylates wherein the alkyl is a straight chain alkyl group having 4-8 carbon atoms or a branched alkyl group having 4-7 ca ...