1
Robert Jacob von Gutfeld, Shui Chih Alan Lien: Method and apparatus for filling liquid crystal display (LCD) panels. International Business Machines Corporation, Louis J Percello Esq, McGinn & Gibb P C, April 25, 2000: US06055035 (185 worldwide citation)

A system, apparatus, and method for filling a display panel having first and second plates, with liquid crystal material, includes a nozzle for depositing a layer of liquid crystal material over a surface of a first plate of the panel, a scanning arm, coupled to the nozzle, for uniformly forming the ...


2
Shui Chih Alan Lien: Liquid crystal cell employing thin wall for pre-tilt control. International Business Machines Corporation, Jay P Sbrollini, Scully Scott Murphy & Presser, May 25, 1999: US05907380 (90 worldwide citation)

A liquid crystal cell has a first substrate having a pixel electrode formed thereon, wherein the pixel electrode has a characteristic width; and a second substrate having a transparent conductive electrode layer formed thereon. Liquid crystal material is disposed between the pixel electrode and the ...


3
Marie Angelopoulos, Christos Dimitrios Dimitrakopoulos, Bruce Kenneth Furman, Teresita Ordonez Graham, Shui Chih Alan Lien: Patterns of electrically conducting polymers and their application as electrodes or electrical contacts. International Business Machines Corporation, Daniel P Morris, December 18, 2001: US06331356 (48 worldwide citation)

Electronic devices having patterned electrically conductive polymers providing electrical connection thereto and methods of fabrication thereof are described. Liquid crystal display cells are described having at least one of the electrodes providing a bias across the liquid crystal material formed f ...


4
Alessandro Cesare Callegari, Praveen Chaudhari, James Patrick Doyle, Eileen Ann Galligan, Yoshimine Kato, James Andrew Lacey, Shui Chih Alan Lien, Minhua Lu, Hiroki Nakano, Shuichi Odahara: Ion gun deposition and alignment for liquid-crystal applications. International Business Machines Corporation, Robert M Trepp, Ohlandt Greeley Ruggiero & Perle L, October 14, 2003: US06632483 (44 worldwide citation)

The present invention includes a method of forming an aligned film on a substrate. The film is deposited and aligned in a single step by a method comprising the step of bombarding a substrate with an ion beam at a designated incident angle to simultaneously (a) deposit the film onto the substrate an ...


5
Shui Chih Alan Lien, Frank Robert Libsch: Method and apparatus for eliminating crosstalk in active matrix liquid crystal displays. International Business Machines Corporation, David Aker, April 3, 2001: US06211851 (39 worldwide citation)

The elimination of crosstalk between data lines and pixel cells in a thin film transistor/liquid crystal display is accomplished by applying a precharge voltage level for a given data signal level which also provides an equivalent to a compensation voltage for a prior scan line to a given data line ...


6
Praveen Chaudhari, James Andrew Lacey, Shui Chih Alan Lien, Curtis E Farrell: Atomic beam alignment of liquid crystals. International Business Machines Corporation, Daniel P Morris, June 23, 1998: US05770826 (38 worldwide citation)

We have found that liquid crystals can be aligned on a polyimide surface exposed to a low energy and neutral Argon ion beam. The energy of the incident ions were varied between 75 and 500 eV, the integrated current density from 100 .mu.A/cm.sup.2 to 500 mA/cm.sup.2, and the angle of incidence over w ...


7
Gordon Wesley Braudaway, Albert Nessim Cazes, James Edward Christensen, Michael James Cordes, Donald Michael DeCain, Shui Chih Alan Lien, Frederick Cole Mintzer, Steven Lorenz Wright: Color calibration of displays. International Business Machines Corporation, Thomas A Beck, Louis P Herzberg, February 10, 2004: US06690383 (35 worldwide citation)

The present invention provides methods and apparatus for the color calibration of displays. These methods are particularly useful for displays having properties different than those associated with cathode ray tubes (CRT). Some displays, for example liquid crystal displays (LCD), have a high luminan ...


8
Shui Chih Alan Lien, Frank Robert Libsch: Method and apparatus for eliminating crosstalk in active matrix liquid crystal displays. International Business Machines Corporation, David Aker, August 17, 1999: US05940057 (33 worldwide citation)

The elimination of crosstalk between data lines and pixel cells in a thin film transistor/liquid crystal display is accomplished by applying a precharge voltage level for a given data signal level which also provides an equivalent to a compensation voltage for a prior scan line to a given data line ...


9
Glenn Allen Held, Shui Chih Alan Lien, Do Yeung Yoon: Polymer stabilized in-plane switched LCD. International Business Machines Corporation, Marian Underweiser Esq, McGinn & Gibb P C, January 23, 2001: US06177972 (29 worldwide citation)

An in-plane switched liquid crystal device IPS LCD which provides fast switching times is formed by filling an empty IPS LCD panel having an array of display elements with a mixture of nematic liquid crystal material and a mesogenic polymerizable material, such as monomers or polymer precursers and ...


10
Praveen Chaudhari, James Andrew Lacey, Shui Chih Alan Lien: Method an apparatus for forming an alignment pattern on a surface using a particle beam useful for a liquid crystal. International Business Machines Corporation, Daniel P Morris, September 26, 2000: US06124914 (21 worldwide citation)

A method of generating a patterned alignment direction on an alignment surface for a liquid crystal display cell is described. The cell is formed by forming a first alignment direction on an alignment surface, such as a polyimide surface of the cell. A second alignment direction is formed on the ali ...