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Gunter Baur, Waltraud Fehrenbach, Barbara Weber nee Staudacher, Friedrich Windscheid, Rudolf Kiefer: Liquid crystal switching elements having a parallel electric field and .beta..sub.o which is not 0.degree. or 90.degree.. Merck Patent Gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung, Millen White Zelane & Branigan P C, November 19, 1996: US05576867 (59 worldwide citation)

An electro-optical display device comprising a liquid crystal layer achieves switching using an electric field component which is predominantly parallel to the surface of the liquid crystal layer. Low dependence of image contrast on viewing angle is achieved by selection of parameters including orie ...


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Gunter Baur, Waltraud Fehrenbach, Barbara W Ne Staudacher, Friedrich Windscheid, Rudolf Kiefer: Reflection mode liquid crystal display devices having a parallel electric field and .alpha..sub.0 which is .ltoreq. 30.degree.. Merck Patent Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung, Millen White Zelano & Branigan P C, November 24, 1998: US05841499 (41 worldwide citation)

An electro-optical display device comprising a liquid crystal layer achieves switching using an electric field component which is predominantly parallel to the surface of the liquid crystal layer. Low dependence of image contrast on viewing angle is achieved by selection of parameters including pret ...


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Gunter Baur, Waltraud Fehrenbach, Barbara Weber Ne Staudacher, Friedrich Windscheid, Rudolf Kiefer: Liquid crystal display devices having a parallel electric field and .beta..sub.O, which is not 0 degrees or 90 degrees. Merck Patent Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung, Millen White Zelane & Branigan P C, November 24, 1998: US05841498 (24 worldwide citation)

An electro-optical display device comprising a liquid crystal layer achieves switching using an electric field component which is predominantly parallel to the surface of the liquid crystal layer. Low dependence of image contrast on viewing angle is achieved by selection of parameters including orie ...


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Gunter Baur, Waltraud Fehrenbach, Barbara Weber Ne Staudacher, Friedrich Windscheid, Rudolf Kiefer: LC display device with parallel field component. Merck Patent Gesellschaft, Millen White Zelano & Branigan P C, February 2, 2010: US07656490

An electro-optical display device comprising a liquid crystal layer achieves switching using an electric field component which is predominantly parallel to the surface of the liquid crystal layer. Low dependence of image contrast on viewing angle is achieved by selection of parameters including pret ...


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Rudolf Kiefer: Chitosan-conducting polymer mixed polymer composition with oxidation resistance. Industry Technology Research Institute, cheng wei, August 17, 2011: CN201010117409

The invention discloses a new chitosan-conducting polymer mixed polymer composition. The chitosan-conducting polymer mixed polymer composition can be dispersed and dissolved in an acidic solution or water solution to form a stable suspension, and has high oxidation resistance and electrical conducti ...