1
Robert M Ecker, Lawrence C McClure, John D Wahlstrand: Verification of capture using pressure waves transmitted through a pacing lead. Medtronic, Harold R Patton, Michael B Atlass, December 30, 1997: US05702427 (145 worldwide citation)

A capture verification system for a cardiac pacemaker comprising an implantable pulse generator (IPG) and one or more pacing leads having a proximal end coupled to the IPG and a distal end in contact with a patient's heart. The capture verification system employs a pressure wave sensor mounted in th ...


2
Robert M Ecker, Lawrence C McClure, John D Wahlstrand: Method and apparatus for rate-responsive cardiac pacing using header mounted pressure wave transducer. Medtronic, Michael B Atlass, Harold R Patton, March 27, 2001: US06208900 (115 worldwide citation)

In a pacemaker, a method and apparatus for providing rate response in proportion to the patient's metabolic demand for cardiac output as determined in response to the patient's breathing rate or respiratory minute ventilation or contraction strength, optionally augmented by the patient&apo ...


3
Robert M Ecker, Lawrence C McClure, John D Wahlstrand: Detection of pressure waves transmitted through catheter/lead body. Medtronic, Michael B Atlass, Harold R Patton, May 4, 1999: US05899927 (101 worldwide citation)

In an implanted medical device, a method and apparatus for detecting pressure waves caused by movement of a body organ, muscle group, limb or the like and transmitted through a catheter or lead body to the implanted medical device employing a pressure wave transducer mounted in relation to the proxi ...


4
James D Reinke, Robert M Ecker: Implantable medical device communication system. Medtronic, Daniel G Chapik, Girma Wolde Michael, March 14, 2006: US07013178 (76 worldwide citation)

An implantable medical device communication system communicates information between an implantable medical device and at least one slave device by way of a two-wire bus. Slave devices may include remote sensors and other implantable medical devices. The implantable medical device includes a communic ...


5
James D Reinke, Robert M Ecker: Implantable medical device communication system with pulsed power biasing. Medtronic, Girma Wolde Michael, Daniel G Chapik, November 21, 2006: US07139613 (36 worldwide citation)

An implantable medical device communication system communicates information between an implantable medical device and at least one slave device by way of a two-wire bus. Slave devices may include remote sensors, actuators and other implantable medical devices. The implantable medical device includes ...


6
David J Jorgenson, Christopher M Manrodt, Robert M Ecker, Lawrence C McClure, Charles H Malmskog: Impedance measurement in implanted device. Medtronic, Paul H McDowall, Girma Wolde Michael, June 19, 2007: US07233825 (25 worldwide citation)

In an implantable medical device having an electrical lead coupled to tissue of a user and a circuit for measuring the impedance of the lead, a method and apparatus for responding to impedance variations in the lead which includes measuring the impedance of the lead while monitoring physiologic para ...


7
Timothy J Davis, Robert M Ecker, James D Reinke, John D Wahlstrand: Apparatus and method to discriminate between telemetry downlink signals and noise in an implanted device. Medtronic, Girma Wolde Michael, September 7, 2004: US06788973 (24 worldwide citation)

An implanted medical device (IMD) conserves power by discriminating received radio frequency (RF) signals between noise and data based on frequency. Data is processed while noise is attenuated. The IMD operates in a first, relatively low, power mode while not receiving the RF signals, in a second, h ...


8
Hugo A Belalcazar, James D Reinke, Robert M Ecker: Implantable medical lead. Medtronic, Stephen W Bauer, February 17, 2009: US07493174 (16 worldwide citation)

An implantable medical lead includes a device, such as a physiological sensor, that is coupled to one or more stimulation/sensing sensing conductors within the lead. When the implantable medical lead is coupled to an implantable medical device, the device carried by the lead both receives power from ...


9
James D Reinke, Robert M Ecker, Kaustubh R Patil, Michael B Terry, Jonathan P Roberts, Robert A Corey: Clock synchronization in an implantable medical device system. Medtronic, Stephen W Bauer, Evans M Mburu, March 12, 2013: US08396563 (4 worldwide citation)

This disclosure is directed to the synchronization of clocks of a secondary implantable medical device (IMD) to a clock of a primary IMD. The secondary IMD includes a communications clock. The communications clock may be synchronized based on at least one received communications pulse. The secondary ...


10
Jonathan L Kuhn, Timothy J Davis, Can Cinbis, Robert M Ecker, Shawn D Knowles, Thomas A Anderson, Jeffrey M Jelen: Implantable optical sensor and method for manufacture. Medtronic, Evans M Mburu, Michael C Soldner, September 25, 2012: US08275432 (4 worldwide citation)

An implantable optical sensor and associated manufacturing method include a sensor housing having an inner surface and an outer surface and a window formed in the housing extending between the housing inner surface and the housing outer surface. An opto-electronic device enclosed within the housing ...