1
Robert Lewis Clarke, Brian J Dougherty, Stephen Harrison, J Peter Millington, Samaresh Mohanta: Battery with bifunctional electrolyte. Plurion Systems, Rutan & Tucker, January 17, 2006: US06986966 (42 worldwide citation)

A battery comprises an acid electrolyte in which a compound provides acidity to the electrolyte and further increases solubility of at least one metal in the redox pair. Especially preferred compounds include alkyl sulfonic acids and alkyl phosphonic acids, and particularly preferred redox coupled i ...


2
Robert Lewis Clarke, Brian Dougherty, Stephen Harrison, Peter J Millington, Samaresh Mohanta: Cerium batteries. Plurion Company, Fish & Associates PC, December 1, 2009: US07625663 (29 worldwide citation)

A power cell (100A) has an electrolyte that includes a reodox pair comprising cerium. The electrolyte in preferred cells is an acid electrolyte that comprises a element ion complexed by an organic acid or a chelating agent, and contemplated electrolytes may further include a compound that reduces th ...


3
Robert Lewis Clarke, Brian Dougherty, Stephen Harrison, Peter J Millington, Samaresh Mohanta: Secondary battery with autolytic dendrites. Plurion, Fish & Associates PC, May 8, 2007: US07214443 (26 worldwide citation)

A battery (100) comprises a cell having a cathode compartment (120) that includes an element that is oxidized during charging of the battery (100), wherein the oxidized element forms a salt with an acid and thereby increases the H+ concentration in the cathode compartment (120) sufficient to promote ...


4
Robert Lewis Clarke, Brian Dougherty, Stephen Harrison, Peter J Millington, Samaresh Mohanta: Load leveling battery and methods therefor. Plurion, Fish & Associates PC, September 18, 2007: US07270911 (23 worldwide citation)

A load leveling battery (122) comprising an electrolyte that includes a cerium zinc redox pair wherein preferred electrolytes are acid electrolytes, and most preferably comprise methane sulfonic acid. Contemplated load leveling batteries (122) have an open circuit voltage of at least 2.4 Volt per ce ...


5
Robert Lewis Clarke, Brian Dougherty, Stephen Harrison, J Peter Millington, Samaresh Mohanta: Mixed electrolyte battery. Plurion, Fish & Associates PC, July 14, 2009: US07560189 (19 worldwide citation)

A battery (100B) comprises an electrolyte in which a first element forms a redox pair with a second element, wherein the battery (100B) is charged at a voltage sufficient to plate the first element at the anode (122B) and wherein the voltage is insufficient to plate the second element on the anode ( ...


6
Robert Lewis Clarke, Brian J Dougherty, Stephen Harrison, J Peter Millington, Samaresh Mohanta, Bernd Busse: Electric devices with improved bipolar electrode. Plurion Systems, Rutan & Tucker, April 25, 2006: US07033696 (14 worldwide citation)

An electric device has a plurality of cells in which in an acid electrolyte a lanthanide and zinc form a redox couple that provide a current, and in which at least two of the cells are separated by a bipolar electrode that comprises a glassy carbon or a Magneli phase titanium suboxide.


7
Robert Lewis Clarke: Zinc air battery with acid electrolyte. Applied Intellectual Capital, Fish & Associates PC, September 1, 2009: US07582385 (9 worldwide citation)

A zinc air battery, and preferably a secondary zinc air battery has an acid electrolyte in which the anionic form of an acid forms a complex with a zinc ion, and wherein the acid in the electrolyte reduces dendrite formation.


8
Robert Lewis Clarke, Stephen Robert Clarke: Apparatus for stripping ions from concrete and soil. Electrochemical Design Associates, Seong Kun Oh, Limbach & Limbach L, February 2, 1999: US05865964 (8 worldwide citation)

A method and an apparatus for stripping ionic species from a porous material, such as concrete or soil, are presented. The ionic species include metals and complexes, and may include radioactive species. The contaminated medium can be in bulk or in particulate form and can be treated according to th ...


9
Stephen R Clarke, Robert Lewis Clarke, Michael David Hurwitz, Michael John King, Selwyn Mould: Method for smelterless recycling of lead acid batteries. Aqua Metals, Umberg Zipser, December 5, 2017: US09837689

Lead from lead acid battery scrap is recovered in two separate production streams as clean grid lead and as high-purity lead without smelting. In preferred aspects, lead recovery is performed in a continuous process that uses an aqueous electroprocessing solvent and electro-refining and spent electr ...


10
Robert Lewis Clarke, Dean Butler: Compositions and methods for anion absorbent metal hydroxides. Applied Intellecutal Capital, Fish & Associates PC, July 1, 2008: US07393466

A metal hydroxide complex has a formula Me(OH)4*A−*nH2O or MeO2*A−*nH2O. Preferred complexes are formed in an alkaline medium, and particularly especially preferred anions include cyanide and cyanide gold complexes. Contemplated complexes are formed on a metal hydroxide (e.g., hydrated zirconium, ha ...