1
Gordhanbhai N Patel, Anthony F Preziosi, Ray H Baughman: Time-temperature history indicators. Allied Chemical Corporation, David W Collins, Ernest A Polin, December 28, 1976: US03999946 (146 worldwide citation)

Compositions containing at least two conjugated acetylene groups (-C.tbd.C-C.tbd.C-) are suitable as integral time-temperature history indicators. These compositions exhibit sequences of irreversible color changes at combinations of times and temperatures specific to each composition. Thus, when sup ...


2
Ray H Baughman, Changxing Cui, Ji Su, Zafar Iqbal, Anvar Zakhidov: Actuators using double-layer charging of high surface area materials. AlliedSignal, Larry J Palguta, April 29, 2003: US06555945 (111 worldwide citation)

Actuators are described that operate as a result of double-layer charge injection in electrodes having very high gravimetric surface areas and gravimetric capacitances. The actuator output of the actuators may be a mechanical displacement that can be used to accomplish mechanical work. As a result o ...


3
James F Wolf, Granville G Miller, Lawrence W Shacklette, Ronald L Elsenbaumer, Ray H Baughman: Adjustable tint window with electrochromic conductive polymer. Allied Signal, Ernest D Buff, Gerhard H Fuchs, January 16, 1990: US04893908 (100 worldwide citation)

A method is provided for decreasing radiative heat transfer and adjustably limiting visible light and near infrared radiation transfer and glare through a window. The method comprises the steps of: (a) mounting within a frame of the window a plurality of spaced window panes, a first and second of th ...


4
Alex Lobovsky, Jim Matrunich, Mikhail Kozlov, Robert C Morris, Ray H Baughman, Anvar A Zakhidov: Spinning, processing, and applications of carbon nanotube filaments, ribbons, and yarns. Honeywell International, Larry J Palguta, January 27, 2004: US06682677 (86 worldwide citation)

Coagulation spinning produces structures such as fibers, ribbons, and yarns of carbon nanotubes. Stabilization, orientation, and shaping of spun materials are achieved by post-spinning processes. Advantages include the elimination of core-sheath effects due to carbonaceous contaminants, increasing m ...


5
Granville G Miller, Dawn M Ivory, Lawrence W Shacklette, Ronald R Chance, Ronald L Elsenbaumer, Ray H Baughman: Thermoplastic conductive polymers. Allied Corporation, Alan M Doernberg, Gerhard H Fuchs, March 1, 1983: US04375427 (75 worldwide citation)

An electrically conductive polymer, doped with at least one electron acceptor or electron donor, which polymer has a main chain of arylene units and interspersed regularly or irregularly between them one or more chalcogen atoms or groups of such atoms, especially sulfur and/or oxygen atoms; especial ...


6
James F Wolf, Granville G Miller, Lawrence W Shacklette, Ronald L Elsenbaumer, Ray H Baughman: Adjustable tint window with electrochromic conductive polymer. Allied Signal, Ernest D Buff, Gerhard H Fuchs, August 27, 1991: US05042923 (66 worldwide citation)

A method is provided for decreasing radiative heat transfer and adjustably limiting visible light and near infrared radiation transfer and glare through a window. The method comprises the steps of: (a) mounting within a frame of the window a plurality of spaced window panes, a first and second of th ...


7
Ray H Baughman, Gordhanbhai N Patel, Granville G Miller: Integrated time-temperature or radiation-dosage history recording device. Allied Corporation, Kenneth E Stroup Jr, Alan M Doernberg, Gerhard H Fuchs, June 21, 1983: US04389217 (65 worldwide citation)

A recording device is described, useful as an integrated time-temperature or radiation-dosage history indicator. The device contains a substrate having deposited thereon at least two indicating units, one being unreacted and representing zero time of exposure and the other unit being pre-reacted. Ea ...


8
Kwok C Yee, Anthony F Preziosi, Gordhanbhai N Patel, Ronald R Chance, Granville G Miller, Ray H Baughman: Thermochromic polyacetylenes containing urethane groups. Allied Chemical Corporation, Gerhard H Fuchs, Robert J North, Robert A Harman, July 29, 1980: US04215208 (58 worldwide citation)

Certain polyacetylenes exhibit reversible color changes at transition temperatures in the range -180.degree. to 220.degree. C., wherein the thermochromic cycles can be repeated many times with no apparent degradation and little change in spectroscopic properties.


9
Ray H Baughman, Ernest D Buff, Helmut Eckhardt, Gerhard H Fuchs: Dual-pane thermal window with liquid crystal shade. Allied Signal, Ernest D Buff, Gerhard H Fuchs, July 18, 1989: US04848875 (50 worldwide citation)

A dual-pane thermal window unit comprises two nonintersecting or, preferably, substantially parallel, spaced window panes, mounted in a window frame, a first of the panes having affixed thereto a first wall of an electro-optical liquid crystal cell providing a selected light transmittance, and a sec ...


10
Ray H Baughman, Ernest D Buff, Helmut Eckhardt, Gerhard H Fuchs: Dual-pane thermal window with liquid crystal shade. Allied Signal, Ernest D Buff, Gerhard H Fuchs, Richard C Stewart, April 23, 1991: US05009044 (45 worldwide citation)

A dual-pane thermal window unit comprises two nonintersecting or, preferably, substantially parallel, spaced window panes, mounted in a window frame, a first of the panes having affixed thereto a first wall of an electro-optical liquid crystal cell providing a selected light transmittance, and a sec ...