1
Ralph H Baer: Video based instructional and entertainment system using animated figure. Smith Engineering, Price Gess & Ubell, July 11, 1989: US04846693 (136 worldwide citation)

An animated figure, e.g. a doll, having the capability of moving its eyebrow, eyelids, eyes and mouth in conjunction with an audio reproducer, i.e. speaker, in its interior is electrically connected to a control box. The control box, which may be powered by household A.C. or by batteries, is connect ...


2
Ralph H Baer: Microprocessor interface device. Sanders Associates, Louis Etlinger, Richard I Seligman, September 10, 1985: US04540176 (128 worldwide citation)

A user interface device for interfacing with a microprocessor driving a video display. The device is particularly adapted for the use of small children in interfacing with a microprocessor operating to drive a video game or a personal computer. The device comprises a hand puppet adapted to be worn o ...


3
Ralph H Baer: Television captioning system. Sanders Associates, Louis Etlinger, Richard I Seligman, January 12, 1982: US04310854 (118 worldwide citation)

Captioning of television presentations is achieved by transmitting digital data superimposed on the normal FM sound signal by modulation of an ultrasonic subcarrier and receiving the digital data at a viewer's television receiver by picking up the ultrasonic signal from the television receiver's lou ...


4
Howard J Morrison, Ralph H Baer, Jeffrey D Breslow: Microprocessor controlled game apparatus. Marvin Glass & Associates, Mason Kolemainen Rathburn & Wyss, December 23, 1980: US04240638 (99 worldwide citation)

An electronic game having a field of play arranged in an array as a key board of individually operable key pad switches defining array positions on which one or more players attempt to discover a hidden maze path from a designated starting point. A player wins or completes the game when the maze pat ...


5
Ralph H Baer: Digital video modulation and demodulation system. Sanders Associates, Louis Etlinger, Richard I Seligman, November 23, 1976: US03993861 (97 worldwide citation)

In a television system, a digital video system permits the transmission of data along with the usual television picture. The television picture field includes one or more selectively addressable areas and the data is imprissed on these areas as digital, binary-coded brightness modulations at rates g ...


6
Ralph H Baer: Interactive television gaming system. Sanders Associates, Louis Etlinger, Richard Seligman, July 12, 1977: US04034990 (88 worldwide citation)

Apparatus for playing games on the cathode ray tube screen of a television receiver or monitor is disclosed comprising a viewer/participant game control box of conventional design and having components for providing location controllable symbols on the screen and a prerecorded source providing addit ...


7
Ralph H Baer, Leonard D Cope: Interactive video playback system. Sanders Associates, Louis Etlinger, Richard I Seligman, November 16, 1982: US04359223 (81 worldwide citation)

Video images derived from a video recording medium (such as a video disc or tape) using a video playback unit are displayed on the screen of a cathode ray tube display simultaneously with video images generated from a microprocessor-controlled video game. The video game permits a user to manually co ...


8
Ralph H Baer: Television precision target shooting apparatus and method. Sanders Associates, Louis Etlinger, Richard I Seligman, July 26, 1983: US04395045 (78 worldwide citation)

Simulated shooting at displayed images on the screen of a television receiver using an untethered, simulated gun provides indication on the screen of where the gun was pointed at the time of trigger pull. This is achieved by flashing the screen white subsequent a trigger pull in order that a photose ...


9
Ralph H Baer, Philip E Orbanes: Interactive audio-visual work. Western Publishing Co, Amster Rothstein & Ebenstein, August 1, 1995: US05437552 (64 worldwide citation)

Apparatus for use in conjunction with a book containing intermixed text and symbols, includes a randomly accessible sound storage-and-playback memory having addressable storage locations, and a plurality of actuatable selectors, each selector being associated with a respective symbol corresponding t ...


10
Ralph H Baer, Leonard D Cope, Thomas J Mortimer: Method and apparatus for instant replay and other capabilities for microprocessor-controlled video games. Sanders Associates, Louis Etlinger, Richard I Seligman, August 3, 1982: US04342454 (62 worldwide citation)

Instant replay for microprocessor-controlled video games is provided by storing and retaining for a period of time in a random access memory the results of microprocessor polling of each of the player command entry devices. In a memory conserving embodiment only newly entered player commands and the ...