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Paula M Kaplan, Thomas E Cross Jr, Stephen L Bolea, James M Olsen: Implantable medical lead with axially oriented coiled wire conductors. Medtronic, Shumaker & Sieffert P A, July 20, 2010: US07761170 (74 worldwide citation)

An implantable lead has a lead body construction designed to accommodate loading forces exerted on the lead body during patient movement. The lead body may be sufficiently stretchable to resist forces that could otherwise cause lead failure, axial migration of the electrodes, anchor damage, or tissu ...


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Stephen L Bolea, Thomas B Hoegh, Bruce J Persson, Robert E Atkinson, Sidney F Hauschild, Paula M Kaplan, Brian D Kuhnley, Keith E Jasperson, Wondimeneh Tesfayesus, Christopher K Thorp: Obstructive sleep apnea treatment devices, systems and methods. Apnex Medical, Bookoff McAndrews PLLC, April 23, 2013: US08428727 (29 worldwide citation)

In one embodiment, a method for maintaining patency of an upper airway of a patient to treat obstructive sleep apnea may include delivering an electrical stimulation to a portion of a superior laryngeal nerve via a nerve cuff when the nerve cuff is adjacent an external surface of the superior laryng ...


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Sean P Skubitz, Stephen L Bolea, Paula M Kaplan, Mary M Morris: Expandable systems for medical electrical stimulation. Medtronic, Fredrikson & Byron P A, September 14, 2010: US07797054 (19 worldwide citation)

A medical system for electrical stimulation includes a first column of electrodes, a second column of electrodes, an expandable member disposed between first and second columns, and an expansion mechanism adapted to transmit an externally applied pressure to the expandable member. The pressure expan ...


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Sean P Skubitz, Stephen L Bolea, Paula M Kaplan, Mary M Morris: Expandable systems for medical electrical stimulation. Medtronic, February 5, 2013: US08369965

A medical system for electrical stimulation includes a first column of electrodes, a second column of electrodes, an expandable member disposed between first and second columns, and an expansion mechanism adapted to transmit an externally applied pressure to the expandable member. The pressure expan ...


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Sean P Skubitz, Stephen L Bolea, Paula M Kaplan, Mary M Morris: Expandable systems for medical electrical stimulation. Intellectual Property Group, Fredrikson & Byron Pa, July 17, 2008: US20080172117-A1

A medical system for electrical stimulation includes a first column of electrodes, a second column of electrodes, an expandable member disposed between first and second columns, and an expansion mechanism adapted to transmit an externally applied pressure to the expandable member. The pressure expan ...


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Paula M Kaplan, Thomas E Cross, Stephen L Bolea, James M Olsen: Implantable medical lead with axially oriented coiled wire conductors. Medtronic, Shumaker & Sieffert P A, April 27, 2006: US20060089691-A1

An implantable lead has a lead body construction designed to accommodate loading forces exerted on the lead body during patient movement. The lead body may be sufficiently stretchable to resist forces that could otherwise cause lead failure, axial migration of the electrodes, anchor damage, or tissu ...