1
Michael Skalsky, Zoran Millijasevic, Akira Nakazawa, Gerhard Gotthardt: Porous pacemaker electrode tip using a porous substrate. Telectronics, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner, November 15, 1988: US04784161 (113 worldwide citation)

An implantable stimulating lead for a cardiac pacemaker has a distal tip having a surface area adapted to physically contact heart tissue for pacing the heart tissue, sensing heart contractions and promoting tissue ingrowth. The distal tip includes a conductive electrode and a porous non-conductive ...


2
Gerhard Gotthardt, Zoran Milijasevic, Akira Nakazawa, Michael Skalsky: Thin electrode lead and connections. Telectronics, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner, May 21, 1991: US05016646 (109 worldwide citation)

A body implantable electrode lead including a connector structure for enabling connection with an outermost conductor of the lead is disclosed. The implantable lead is of a multilayer configuration, being covered by an insulating biocompatible sheath. An annular section of the outer sheath is remove ...


3
Zoran Milijasevic, Loraine K Holley, Michael Skalsky: Defibrillator electrode. Telectronics, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner, July 3, 1990: US04938231 (69 worldwide citation)

A patch-type defibrillator electrode for direct contact with the heart has a thin, flat, flexible generally circular mesh or foil conductive member with a pattern of slits for enabling continuous contact with the three dimensional, time-varying heart surface topography. The slit pattern includes two ...


4
Michael Skalsky, Zoran Milijasevic, Akira Nakazawa, Gerhard Gotthardt: Porous pacemaker electrode tip using a porous substrate. Telectronics, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner, July 4, 1989: US04844099 (64 worldwide citation)

An implantable sitmulating lead for a cardiac pacemaker has a distal tip having a surface area adapted to physically contact heart tissue for pacing the heart tissue, sensing heart contractions and promoting tissue ingrowth. The distal tip includes a conductive electrode and a porous non-conductive ...


5
David S Maddison, Michael Skalsky, Gerhard Gotthardt, Neil Anderson: Implantable electrode and sensor lead apparatus. Telectronics Pacing Systems, Gottlieb Rackman & Reisman, July 19, 1994: US05330520 (41 worldwide citation)

A transvenous cardioversion lead system capable of delivering electrical energy to cardiac tissue is provided. Lead system comprises an inner conductor surrounded by an insulative layer which, in turn, is surrounded by a second conductor mounted coaxially with the inner conductor. At least a portion ...


6
David S Maddison, Michael Skalsky, Gerhard Gotthardt, Neil Anderson: Implantable electrode and sensor lead apparatus. Telectronics Pacing Systems, Gottlieb Rackman & Reisman, September 10, 1996: US05554176 (36 worldwide citation)

A transvenous cardioversion lead system capable of delivering electrical energy to cardiac tissue is provided. Lead system comprises an inner conductor surrounded by an insulative layer which, in turn, is surrounded by a second conductor mounted coaxially with the inner conductor. At least a portion ...


7
David S Maddison, Michael Skalsky, Zoran Milijasevic, Stephen G Perry, Loraine K Holley, Gerhard R Gotthardt, Garry T Richardson: Implanted medical system including a self-powered sensing system. Telectronics, Klaas & Law, January 17, 1989: US04798206 (31 worldwide citation)

Self-contained, self-powered, flexible electrical control signal generating means are located in the right ventricle of a heart and generate electrical control signals solely by mechanical movements caused by actions of and conditions in the heart without any electrical connection to and supply of e ...


8
Michael S Hirshorn, Michael Skalsky, Petrus A van Berkum, Loraine K Holley, David K Money: Porous pacemaker electrode tip. Teletronics, Finnegan Henderson Farabow garrett & Dunner, October 11, 1983: US04408604 (22 worldwide citation)

A porous cardiac pacemaker electrode comprising a concavo-convex electrode cap having a plurality of apertures therethrough and an electrode shaft having a supporting edge formed thereon to which the concave surface of the electrode cap is joined. The porous cardiac pacemaker electrode is produced b ...


9
Michael S Hirshorn, Loraine K Holley, Michael Skalsky: Cardiac pacemaker electrode tip structure. Telectronics, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett and Dunner, October 4, 1983: US04407302 (15 worldwide citation)

A cardiac pacemaker electrode including an electrode tip having an external surface with a concave region formed therein to increase the pacing impedance thereof. Further, the external surface of the electrode tip is roughened, for example by abrading with a jet of glass beads projected under pressu ...