1
Mark P Carol: Method and apparatus for performing stereotactic surgery. Ohio Medical Instrument Company, Ben D Tobor, September 11, 1990: US04955891 (199 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for performing stereotactic surgery upon a target within a skull establishes a first, predetermined geometric relationship between a positioning fixture mounted on the skull and a scanning table surface upon which the skull is supported; and that geometric relationship is dupl ...


2
Mark P Carol: Method and apparatus for performing stereotactic surgery. Ben D Tobor, February 21, 1989: US04805615 (194 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for performing stereotactic surgery upon a target within a skull establishes a first, predetermined geometric relationship between a positioning fixture mounted on the skull and a scanning table surface upon which the skull is supported; and that geometric relationship is dupl ...


3
Mark P Carol: Noninvasive head fixation method and apparatus. Medco, Ben D Tobor, May 4, 1993: US05207688 (154 worldwide citation)

A noninvasive head fixation method and apparatus uses a flexible and compressible bladder which contacts and is deformed to conform to the shape of the patient's nasion in order to immobilize the patient's head during a medical procedure.


4
Mark P Carol: Method and apparatus for lesion position verification. NOMOS Corporation, Ben D Tobor, May 2, 1995: US05411026 (139 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for verifying the position of a lesion in a patient's body compares the location of the lesion in CT slices with the position of the lesion in ultrasound images taken while the patient lays on the treatment table of a linear accelerator.


5
Mark P Carol: Method and apparatus for patient positioning for radiation therapy. Nomos Corporation, Ben D Tobor, April 22, 1997: US05622187 (118 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for positioning a patient upon a treatment table of a linear accelerator includes a camera secured to the gantry of the linear accelerator and a plurality of light emitting diodes mounted with respect to the patient which are viewed by the camera.


6
Mark P Carol, Robert C Campbell, Brian S Rosen, Richard E Huber, Richard V Nash: Method and apparatus for target position verification. Nomos Corporation, Bracewell & Patterson L, December 4, 2001: US06325758 (112 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for verifying the position of a target to be treated by a radiation therapy device may include an ultrasound probe used to generate ultrasound images of the target; a position sensing system for indicating the position of the ultrasound probe with respect to the radiation ther ...


7
Mark P Carol: Method and apparatus for conformal radiation therapy. Nomos Corporation, Tobor & Goldstein, September 1, 1998: US05802136 (66 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for conformal radiation therapy, with a radiation beam having a predetermined, constant beam intensity, treats the entire tumor volume of a patient's tumor, and the beam intensity of the radiation beam is spatially modulated across the tumor, by separating the radiation into a ...


8
Mark P Carol: Method and apparatus for conformal radiation therapy. Nomos Corporation, Ben D Tobor, January 21, 1997: US05596619 (64 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for conformal radiation therapy, with a radiation beam having a pre-determined, constant beam intensity, treats the entire tumor volume of a patient's tumor, and the beam intensity of the radiation beam is spatially modulated across the tumor, by separating the radiation into ...


9
Mark P Carol, Robert Hill, Bruce H Curran, Richard Nash: Planning method and apparatus for radiation dosimetry. Nomos Corporation, Bracewell & Patterson L, May 21, 2002: US06393096 (64 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for determining an optimized radiation beam arrangement for applying radiation to a tumor target volume while minimizing radiation of a structure volume in a patient, comprising: using a computer to computationally obtain a proposed radiation beam arrangement; using the comput ...


10
Mark P Carol, Robert C Campbell, Bruce Curran, Richard W Huber, Richard V Nash: Planning method and apparatus for radiation dosimetry. Nomos Corporation, Tobor Goldstein & Healey L, March 14, 2000: US06038283 (62 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for determining an optimized radiation beam arrangement for applying radiation to a tumor target volume while minimizing radiation of a structure volume in a patient, which uses an iterative cost function based on a comparison of desired partial volume data, which may be repre ...



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