1
David A Kaisaki, Heather K Kranz, Thomas E Wood, L Charles Hardy: Method of planarizing the upper surface of a semiconductor wafer. 3M Innovative Properties Company, Daniel R Pastirik, Colene H Blank, February 27, 2001: US06194317 (114 worldwide citation)

This invention pertains to a method of modifying or refining a surface of a wafer suited for semiconductor fabrication. This method may be used to modify a wafer having an unmodified, exposed surface comprised of a layer of a second material deployed over at least one discrete feature of a first mat ...


2
Steven J Hamrock, Naiyong Jing, Shane S Mao, L Charles Hardy: Acid functional fluoropolymer membranes and method of manufacture. 3M Innovative Properties Company, Philip Y Dahl, July 23, 2002: US06423784 (79 worldwide citation)

Methods are provided to make acid functional fluoropolymers by: a) dehydrofluorinating a starting fluoropolymer with a dehydrofluorinating agent to form an unsaturated fluoropolymer; b) adding an acidifiable nucleophilic functionalizing agent to a double bond of the unsaturated fluoropolymer; and c) ...


3
L Charles Hardy, Jennifer L Trice: Working liquids and methods for modifying structured wafers suited for semiconductor fabrication. 3M Innovative Properties Company, Colene H Blank, May 29, 2001: US06238592 (75 worldwide citation)

A family of working liquids useful in modifying exposed surfaces of wafers for semiconductor fabrication are provided along with methods of modifying exposed surfaces of wafers for semiconductor fabrication utilizing such a family of working liquids, and semiconductor wafers made according the foreg ...


4
Silvia L Bommarito, Kejian Chen, Peter F Cullen, L Charles Hardy, Paul S Lugg: Tape for use in manufacturing electrochromic devices. Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, Robert W Sprague, Harold C Knecht III, Brian E Szymanski, October 20, 1998: US05825526 (61 worldwide citation)

A tape that includes an electronically conductive flexible substrate, a release layer, and an adhesive comprising an ion-intercalating material, and electrochromic devices and glazing units prepared using this tape.


5
Judith B Melville, L Charles Hardy, David A Young: Catalyst containing cobalt boron and oxygen and optionally aluminum of preparation and process. Amoco Corporation, Reed F Riley, William H Magidson, Ralph C Medhurst, September 5, 1989: US04863888 (42 worldwide citation)

The preparation, structure, and properties of solid inorganic materials containing cobalt, boron, oxygen and, optionally, aluminum, is described. Also described is the use of such materials in catalytic compositions for the conversion of organic compounds. In particular, the new material Co(BO.sub.2 ...


6
Michael E Badding, Stephen C Schulz, L Charles Hardy: Counterelectrode layer. Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, Lerner David Littenberg Krumholz & Mentlik, July 6, 1999: US05919571 (10 worldwide citation)

Electrochromic devices are disclosed in which the counterelectrode layer is a gamma phase Li.sub.x V.sub.2 O.sub.5 layer in which x is between about 0.7 and 2.0. In addition, methods of producing electrochromic devices are disclosed including such counterelectrode layers which are heat treated at te ...


7
L Charles Hardy, Heather K Kranz, Thomas E Wood, David A Kaisaki, John J Gagliardi, John C Clark, Patricia M Savu, Philip G Clark: Compositions and methods for modifying a surface suited for semiconductor fabrication. 3M Innovative Properties Company, James A Baker, Ann Kulprathipanja, January 10, 2012: US08092707 (5 worldwide citation)

The disclosure pertains to compositions and methods for modifying or refining the surface of a wafer suited for semiconductor fabrication. The compositions include working liquids useful in modifying a surface of a wafer suited for fabrication of a semiconductor device. In some embodiments, the work ...


8
Michael J Sierakowski, L Charles Hardy, Michael S Terrazas, Jennifer E Waddell, Bryan J Johnson: Electrolytic processes with reduced cell voltage and gas formation. 3M Innovative Properties Company, June 10, 2008: US07384533 (1 worldwide citation)

Electrolytic solutions containing organic additive(s) selected from a described class of additives (e.g., 4,6-dihydroxypyrimidine) reduce overall applied electrical potential of electrolytic cells and/or reduce gas formation at the anode(s) or increase copper production rate. Benefits include reduci ...


9
Steven J Hamrock, Naiyong Jing, Shane S Mao, L Charles Hardy: Acid functional fluoropolymer membranes and method of manufacture. 3M Innovative Properties Company, Philip Y Dahl, December 21, 2004: US06833412 (1 worldwide citation)

Methods are provided to make acid functional fluoropolymers by: a) dehydrofluorinating a starting fluoropolymer with a dehydrofluorinating agent to form an unsaturated fluoropolymer; b) adding an acidifiable nucleophilic functionalizing agent to a double bond of the unsaturated fluoropolymer; and c) ...


10
Steven J Hamrock, Naiyong Jing, Shane S Mao, L Charles Hardy: Acid functional fluoropolymer membranes and method of manufacture. 3M Innovative Properties Company, Philip Y Dahl, January 9, 2007: US07160928

Methods are provided to make acid functional fluoropolymers by: a) dehydrofluorinating a starting fluoropolymer with a dehydrofluorinating agent to form an unsaturated fluoropolymer; b) adding an acidifiable nucleophilic functionalizing agent to a double bond of the unsaturated fluoropolymer; and c) ...