1
David A Simon, Kurt R Smith, Kevin T Foley: Navigational guidance via computer-assisted fluoroscopic imaging. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, October 22, 2002: US06470207 (406 worldwide citation)

Digital x-ray images taken before a surgical procedure by a fluoroscopic C-arm imager are displayed by a computer and overlaid with graphical representations of instruments be used in the operating room. The graphical representations are updated in real-time to correspond to movement of the instrume ...


2
Richard D Bucholz, Kevin T Foley, Kurt R Smith, Daniel Bass, Thomas Wiedenmaier, Todd Pope, Udo Wiedenmaier: Surgical navigation systems including reference and localization frames. Surgical Navigation Technologies, St Louis University, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner L, May 22, 2001: US06236875 (345 worldwide citation)

A system for use during a medical or surgical procedure on a body. The system generates an image representing the position one or more body elements during the procedure using scans generated by a scanner prior or during the procedure. The image data set has reference points for each of the body ele ...


3
Jaimie Henderson, Richard D Bucholz, Kurt R Smith, Kevin J Frank, John B Clayton, Catalina J Carroll, Phillip T Ulberg: Instrument guidance method and system for image guided surgery. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, December 10, 2002: US06491699 (218 worldwide citation)

Generally, the present invention is directed to a method and system for a aligning surgical guide instrument over a burr hole in a patient's body. More particularly, the present invention is directed to a stand-alone instrument guidance unit that is attachable to a patient's skull. Adjustm ...


4
Richard D Bucholz, Kevin T Foley, Kurt R Smith, Daniel Bass, Thomas Wiedenmaier, Todd Pope, Udo Wiedenmaier: Surgical navigation systems including reference and localization frames. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Senniger Powers Leavitt & Roedel, December 3, 2002: US06490467 (212 worldwide citation)

A system for use during a medical or surgical procedure on a body. The system generates an image representing the position of one or more body elements during the procedure using scans generated by a scanner prior or during the procedure. The image data set has reference points for each of the body ...


5
Joel I Franck, Frederick C Haer, Ronald J Franklin, Kevin J Frank, John B Clayton, Jaimie Henderson, Richard D Bucholz, Kurt R Smith, Catalina J Carroll: Instrument guidance for stereotactic surgery. Neutar, Fish & Richardson P C, October 2, 2001: US06298262 (208 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for positioning a surgical instrument during stereotactic surgery using a guidance fixture. The guidance fixture includes an upper portion, which includes an instrument guide for moving the surgical instrument along a constrained trajectory relative to the upper portion, and i ...


6
David A Simon, Kurt R Smith: System and methods for the reduction and elimination of image artifacts in the calibration of X-ray imagers. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner, September 12, 2000: US06118845 (193 worldwide citation)

Image processing operations are used to improve images that include visual artifacts generated by calibration markers used in intrinsic calibration of an x-ray image. Artifacts introduced by opaque or semi-transparent calibration markers may be completely or partially removed from the image. More pa ...


7
Kevin T Foley, Richard D Bucholz, Kurt R Smith: System for use in displaying images of a body part. St Louis University, Surgical Navigation Technologies, Senniger Powers Leavitt & Roedel, August 13, 2002: US06434415 (185 worldwide citation)

A system for use during a medical or surgical procedure on a body. The system generates a display representing the position of two or more body elements during the procedure based on an image data set generated by a scanner prior to the procedure. The image data set has reference points for each of ...


8
Kevin T Foley, Richard D Bucholz, Kurt R Smith: System and method for use in displaying images of a body part. St Louis University, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner L, February 12, 2002: US06347240 (126 worldwide citation)

A system for use during a medical or surgical procedure on a body. The system generates a display representing the position of two or more body elements during the procedure based on an image data set generated by a scanner prior to the procedure. The image data set has reference points for each of ...


9
Richard D Bucholz, Kevin T Foley, Kurt R Smith, Daniel Bass, Thomas Wiedenmaier, Todd Pope, Udo Wiedenmaier: Surgical navigation systems including reference and localization frames. Surgical Navigation Technologies, St Louis University, Senniger Powers Leavitt & Roedel, November 21, 2006: US07139601 (120 worldwide citation)

A system for use during a medical or surgical procedure on a body. The system generates an image representing the position of one or more body elements during the procedure using scans generated by a scanner prior or during the procedure. The image data set has reference points for each of the body ...


10
Jaimie Henderson, Richard D Bucholz, Kurt R Smith, Kevin J Frank, John B Clayton, Catalina J Carroll, Phillip T Ulberg: Instrument guidance method and system for image guided surgery. Surgical Navigational Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, May 15, 2007: US07217276 (106 worldwide citation)

Generally, the present invention is directed to a method and system for a aligning surgical guide instrument over a burr hole in a patient's body. More particularly, the present invention is directed to a stand-alone instrument guidance unit that is attachable to a patient's skull. Adjustments of a ...