1
Masato Isogai, Shintaroo Hattori, Kishiroo Iwasaki, Teruo Kitamura, Akio Mukoh, Takashi Inukai, Kenji Furukawa, Kanetsugu Terashima, Shinichi Saitoh: Ferroelectric liquid crystal compounds and liquid crystal compositions. Hitachi, Antonelli Terry & Wands, March 18, 1986: US04576732 (112 worldwide citation)

The present invention is characterized by a smectic liquid crystal compound represented by the following formula: ##STR1## wherein R is selected from alkyl and alkoxy groups; X from ##STR2## m and n are natural numbers; and R* is an optically active group containing an asymmetric carbon atom, and a ...


2
Takashi Inukai, Kenji Furukawa, Kanetsugu Terashima, Shinichi Saito: Liquid crystalline compounds and mixtures thereof. Chisso Corporation, Fred Philpitt, June 24, 1986: US04596667 (91 worldwide citation)

Novel ferroelectric liquid crystalline compounds having a superior stability and chiral, smectic liquid crystalline compositions containing at least one kind of the same are provided, which compounds are expressed by the general formula ##STR1## wherein ##STR2## represents 1,4-phenylene group ##STR3 ...


3
Hiromichi Inoue, Shinichi Saito, Kanetsugu Terashima, Takashi Inukai, Kenji Furukawa: Liquid crystalline biphenyl derivatives and mixtures thereof. Chisso Corporation, Fred Philpitt, September 30, 1986: US04614609 (72 worldwide citation)

Chiral smectic compounds having a high response rate and being superior as a ferroelectric liquid crystalline material, and chiral smectic mixtures containing the same are provided, which compounds being expressed by the formula ##STR1## wherein X represents --CH.sub.2 --, --O-- or --CO--; n represe ...


4
Hiromichi Inoue, Shinichi Saito, Kanetsugu Terashima, Takashi Inukai, Kenji Furukawa: Liquid crystalline carbonic acid esters and liquid crystal compositions containing the same. Chisso Corporation, Fred Philpitt, May 20, 1986: US04589996 (45 worldwide citation)

A novel chiral liquid crystalline compound having an optically active group and a liquid crystal composition containing the same are provided, which compound is expressed by the general formula ##STR1## wherein R is a linear chain or branched alkyl group of 1.about.18 C; l is 0 or 1; X is COO or --O ...


5
Takashi Inukai, Hiromichi Inoue, Kenji Furukawa, Hideo Sato, Shigeru Sugimori: Liquid crystal 2,3-dicyano-hydroquinone derivatives. Chisso Corporation, Fred Philpitt, July 21, 1981: US04279770 (37 worldwide citation)

Liquid crystal materials for liquid crystal display, having a large negative dielectric anisotropy and maintaining a liquid crystal state at a broad temperature range including room temperature are provided. These materials contain novel compounds expressed by the general formula (I) ##STR1## wherei ...


6
Kenji Furukawa, Kanetsugu Terashima: Ferroelectric chiral smectic liquid crystal composition. Chisso Corporation, Hitachi, Fred Philpit, October 25, 1988: US04780241 (36 worldwide citation)

A ferroelectric liquid crystal composition having a long helical pitch and a light switching element having a quick response property are provided. This composition comprises (1) at least one member selected from the group consisting of liquid crystal compounds having a smectic C phase and no helica ...


7
Morgan C Sze, Thomas M Bennett, Andre A Simone, Dennis F Ogren, Mikio Nakaniwa, Kenji Furukawa: Coke production. Lummus Crest, Maruzen Petrochemical, Elliot M Olstein, October 15, 1985: US04547284 (35 worldwide citation)

In the delayed coking of a coking feedstock wherein the feedstock is continuously heated in a coking heater and introduced into a coke drum, the heater is operated to provide a coke drum temperature of from 415.degree. to 455.degree. C., and, after filling of the drum to the desired level, feedstock ...


8
Shinichi Saito, Hiromichi Inoue, Kanetsugu Terashima, Takashi Inukai, Kenji Furukawa: Liquid-crystalline substituted biphenyl esters. Chisso Corporation, Wenderoth Lind & Ponack, April 12, 1988: US04737313 (30 worldwide citation)

Novel ferroelectric liquid crystals exhibiting a chiral smectic C phase and liquid crystal compositions containing the same are provided, which liquid crystals are substituted biphenyl esters expressed by the general formula ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 * represents an optically active alkyl group of 4 ...


9
Hideo Saito, Shinichi Sawada, Kenji Furukawa: Nematic liquid crystal composition. Chisso Corporation, Leydig Voit & Mayer, April 18, 1989: US04822519 (30 worldwide citation)

A nematic liquid crystal composition whose threshold voltage is scarcely influenced by temperature changes is provided, which composition comprises at least two components at least one of which is a compound expressed by the formula ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 represents an alkyl group or an alkoxy gro ...


10
Shinichi Saito, Hiromichi Inoue, Kanetsugu Terashima, Takashi Inukai, Kenji Furukawa: Liquid-crystalline carbonic acid esters and liquid crystal compositions containing same. Chisso Corporation, Wenderoth Lind & Ponack, March 3, 1987: US04647398 (26 worldwide citation)

Novel chiral smectic ester compounds suitable for a display mode utilizing ferroelectric liquid crystals, and liquid crystal compositions containing the same are provided, which compounds are expressed by the formula ##STR1## wherein R represents an alkyl group of 1 to 18 carbon atoms; R* represents ...