1
Thomas P Hedman, John P Kostuik, Geoffrey R Fernie, Brian E Maki: Artificial spinal disc. Health & Research Services, Rogers Bereskin & Parr, July 26, 1988: US04759769 (827 worldwide citation)

An artificial disc for a human spine. The disc has upper and lower members hinged together at their rear portions and biased apart at their fronts by stiff coil springs. Rear stop surfaces limit the opening movement of the members. Vertically projecting tabs at the front and side of each member are ...


2
Robert W Jackson, Frederick P Dewar, David L MacIntosh, John P Kostuik, Robin Black: Artificial knee joint. The Governing Council of the University of Toronto, Hirons & Rogers, July 12, 1977: US04034418 (150 worldwide citation)

An artificial knee joint for surgical implantation into a knee comprises at least one femoral member of hard plastic material and at least one tibial member having a highly polished metal upper surface. The femoral member is received in a groove cut in the condyle of the femur, and its rear end face ...