1
James L Gaddy: Biological production of ethanol from waste gases with Clostridium ljungdahlii. Bioengineering Resources, Howson and Howson, October 24, 2000: US06136577 (122 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products is disclosed. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various product, su ...


2
James L Gaddy, Edgar C Clausen: Clostridiumm ljungdahlii, an anaerobic ethanol and acetate producing microorganism. The Board of Trustees of the University of Arkansas, Hermann Ivester, December 22, 1992: US05173429 (121 worldwide citation)

A newly discovered microorganism was isolated in a biologically pure culture and designated Clostridium ljungdahlii, having the identifying characteristics of ATCC No. 49587. Cultured in an aqueous nutrient medium under anaerobic conditions, this microorganism is capable of producing ethanol and ace ...


3
James L Gaddy: Biological production of products from waste gases. Bioengineering Resources, Howson & Howson, January 22, 2002: US06340581 (104 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus are designed for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, and carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various product ...


4
James L Gaddy, Dinesh K Arora, Ching Whan Ko, John Randall Phillips, Rahul Basu, Carl V Wikstrom, Edgar C Clausen: Methods for increasing the production of ethanol from microbial fermentation. Emmaus Foundation, Howson & Howson, October 23, 2007: US07285402 (103 worldwide citation)

A stable continuous method for producing ethanol from the anaerobic bacterial fermentation of a gaseous substrate containing at least one reducing gas involves culturing a fermentation bioreactor anaerobic, acetogenic bacteria in a liquid nutrient medium; supplying the gaseous substrate to the biore ...


5
James L Gaddy, Edgar C Clausen, Ching Whan Ko, Leslie E Wade, Carl V Wikstrom: Microbial process for the preparation of acetic acid as well as solvent for its extraction from the fermentation broth. Bioengineering Resources, Celanese International Corporation, Howson and Howson, April 9, 2002: US06368819 (100 worldwide citation)

A modified water-immiscible solvent useful in the extraction of acetic acid from aqueous streams is a substantially pure mixture of isomers of highly branched di-alkyl amines. This solvent is substantially devoid of mono-alkyl amines and alcohols. Solvent mixtures formed of such a modified solvent w ...


6
James L Gaddy: Clostridium stain which produces acetic acid from waste gases. Daniel R Head Johnson & Kachigian Alexander, January 14, 1997: US05593886 (86 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various organic acids or alcohol ...


7
James L Gaddy: Biological production of acetic acid from waste gases with Clostridium ljungdahlii. Bioengineering Resources, Howson and Howson, September 15, 1998: US05807722 (84 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various organic acids or alcohol ...


8
Edgar C Clausen, James L Gaddy: Concentrated sulfuric acid process for converting lignocellulosic materials to sugars. Dorsey & Whitney, February 23, 1993: US05188673 (35 worldwide citation)

A single step method of converting lignocellulosic materials to sugars including combining and mixing a low solids content lignocellulosic material with concentrated sulfuric acid, allowing the reaction to proceed and then separating the sulfuric acid and sugar solution from the reaction product. A ...


9
James L Gaddy, Edgar C Clausen, Ching Whan Ko, Leslie E Wade, Carl V Wikstrom: Microbial process for the preparation of acetic acid, as well as solvent for its extraction from the fermentation broth. Bioengineering Resources, Celanese International Corporation, Howson and Howson, June 22, 2004: US06753170 (31 worldwide citation)

A modified water-immiscible solvent useful in the extraction of acetic acid from aqueous streams is a substantially pure mixture of isomers of highly branched di-alkyl amines. Solvent mixtures formed of such a modified solvent with a desired co-solvent, preferably a low boiling hydrocarbon, are usef ...


10
James L Gaddy, Edgar C Clausen, Ching Whan Ko, Leslie E Wade, Carl V Wikstrom: Microbial process for the preparation of acetic acid, as well as solvent for its extraction from the fermentation broth. Celanese International Corporation, Bioengineering Resources, Howson & Howson, March 27, 2007: US07196218 (25 worldwide citation)

A modified water-immiscible solvent useful in the extraction of acetic acid from aqueous streams is a substantially pure mixture of isomers of highly branched di-alkyl amines. Solvent mixtures formed of such a modified solvent with a desired co-solvent, preferably a low boiling hydrocarbon, are usef ...



Click the thumbnails below to visualize the patent trend.