1
Ian Alexander Shanks: Liquid crystal devices. The Secretary of State for Defence in Her Britannic Majesty s Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Pollock Vande Sande & Priddy, September 13, 1977: US04048358 (62 worldwide citation)

A liquid crystal device includes a sheet of plastic material having an open pore structure in which a liquid crystal material has been introduced. The liquid crystal material may be dichroic and contain one or more dyes which may be dichroic. The liquid crystal material may be nematic or cholesteric ...


2
Jennifer Constant, Ian Alexander Shanks, Edward Peter Raynes: Liquid crystal display devices. The Secretary of State for Defence in Her Britannic Majesty s Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britian and Northern Ireland, Stevens Davis Miller & Mosher, June 28, 1977: US04032219 (40 worldwide citation)

A liquid crystal guest-host display device includes a dye dissolved in the liquid crystal material. The invention is characterized in that the dye comprises three colored dye compounds mixed together to provide gray in the absence of an applied electric field. The compounds may be Sudan Black, Sudan ...


3
Cyril Hilsum, Ian Alexander Shanks: Display systems with controlled color filtering. The Secretary of State for Defence in Her Britannic Majesty s Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Pollock VandeSande & Priddy, January 11, 1977: US04003081 (29 worldwide citation)

A color display system, for example an electronic data display or a color television system incorporates a display screen, for example a cathode ray tube phosphor, and at least one liquid crystal color filter. The screen emits light in the form of visual information in at least two colors, and the f ...


4
John Worthington Attridge, Ian Alexander Shanks: Enhanced signal-to-noise ratio and sensitivity optical immunoassay. Ares Serono Research & Development Partnership, Ostrolenk Faber Gerb & Soffen, November 3, 1998: US05830766 (29 worldwide citation)

A method of assaying for a ligand in a sample involves incubating the sample in contact with a specific binding partner for the ligand carried on one surface of an optical structure, irradiating the structure at a suitable angle or range of angles to the normal such that the resonance and/or total i ...


5
Ian Alexander Shanks: Apparatus for displaying an image. Thorn EMI, Keck Mahin & Cate, June 9, 1998: US05764411 (17 worldwide citation)

An imaging system for the generation of an apparent three-dimensional (3-D) image suspended in space for direct vieiwing includes a beamsplitter and a retroreflector. The optical property of reflecting light back along its original path enable the system to generate such an apparent 3-D image based ...


6
Ian Alexander Shanks: Liquid crystal displays. The Secretary of State for Defence in Her Britannic Majesty s Government of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Stevens Davis Miller & Mosher, August 22, 1978: US04109241 (10 worldwide citation)

A liquid crystal display comprises a liquid crystal material layer contained between transparent slides which carry electrodes arranged in lines and columns to form an x, y matrix with x, y intersections. The liquid crystal layer at the intersections are turned on line by line by a blanking voltage, ...


7
Edward Peter Raynes, Ian Alexander Shanks, John Charles Varney: Liquid crystal displays. Stevens Davis Miller & Mosher, October 10, 1978: US04119367 (10 worldwide citation)

A liquid crystal display comprises a liquid crystal material layer contained between transparent slides which carry electrodes arranged in lines and columns to form an x, y matrix with x, y intersections. The liquid crystal layer at the intersections are turned on line by line by a blanking voltage, ...


8
Ian Alexander Shanks, Christoph Dobrusskin: Apparatus for displaying an image. Central Research Laboratories, Evenson McKeown Edwards & Lenahan PLLC, January 19, 1999: US05861993 (7 worldwide citation)

Apparatus for displaying an image suspended in space above a horizontal surface such as a tabletop or vehicle dash-board, of an original image below the surface, comprises a beam-splitter window in the surface and a retroreflector below the surface in a path for light reflected by the beamsplitter. ...


9
Ian Alexander Shanks, Christoph Dobrusskin: Border for an image. Central Research Laboratories, Evenson McKeown Edwards & Lenahan P L L C, September 15, 1998: US05806218 (6 worldwide citation)

A border for a substantially two-dimensional image comprises an anterior pattern and a posterior pattern, the patterns being space one from the other and being arranged to form, when viewed together, a resultant apparent pattern in a different plane to that of the image. The patterns each comprise r ...


10
Ian Alexander Shanks: Method of and an apparatus for projecting a scanned two-or three-dimensional modulated light pattern originating from a light source. Thorn Emi, ZOU GUANGXIN, September 12, 1990: CN89108513

A plurality of means(88)for modulating light one operated between at least a first mode and a second mode. This operation is synchronised with the scanning of the matrix of pixels so that: a) respective modulating means(88)is in the first mode when its associated plurality of pixels are being scanne ...