1
Edward Glassman, William A Hanson, Peter Kazanzides, Brent D Mittelstadt, Bela L Musits, Howard A Paul, Russell H Taylor: Image-directed robotic system for precise robotic surgery including redundant consistency checking. International Business Machines Corporation, Perman & Green, April 18, 1995: US05408409 (562 worldwide citation)

A robotic surgical system (10) includes a multiple degree of freedom manipulator arm (14) having a surgical tool (22). The arm is coupled to a controller (24) for controllably positioning the surgical tool within a three dimensional coordinate system. The system further includes a safety monitoring ...


2
Edward Glassman, William A Hanson, Peter Kazanzides, Brent D Mittelstadt, Bela L Musits, Howard A Paul, Russell H Taylor: Image-directed robotic system for precise robotic surgery including redundant consistency checking. International Business Machines Corporation, Perman & Green, February 4, 1992: US05086401 (544 worldwide citation)

A robotic surgical system (10) includes a multiple degree of freedom manipulator arm (14) having a surgical tool (22). The arm is coupled to a controller (24) for controllably positioning the surgical tool within a three dimensional coordinate system. The system further includes a safety monitoring ...


3
Edward Glassman, William A Hanson, Peter Kazanides, Brent D Mittelstadt, Bela L Musits, Howard A Paul, Russell H Taylor: Image-directed robotic system for precise robotic surgery including redundant consistency checking. International Business Machines Corporation, Regents of the University of California, Perman & Green, March 29, 1994: US05299288 (525 worldwide citation)

A robotic surgical system includes a multiple degree of freedom manipulator arm having a surgical tool. The arm is coupled to a controller for controllably positioning the surgical tool within a three dimensional coordinate system. The system further includes a safety monitoring processor for determ ...