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Francisco E Torres, Eric Shrader, Karl Littau: Osmotic reaction detector for monitoring biological and non-biological reactions. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, Fay Sharpe, September 14, 2010: US07794662

An apparatus and system for measuring the presence or absence of reaction between a first and second material of interest by measuring osmotic pressure changes of reaction detector. The reaction detector is capable of measuring the small changes in pressure that occur due to osmotic pressure shifts ...


42
Francisco E Torres, Karl Littau, Eric Shrader: Osmotic reaction cell for monitoring biological and non-biological reactions. Xerox Corporation, Fay Sharpe, November 10, 2009: US07615375

A method and apparatus for measuring the presence or absence of reaction between a first and second material of interest by measuring osmotic pressure changes in a reaction cell. The reaction cell is capable of measuring the small changes in pressure that occur due to osmotic pressure shifts during ...


43
Peter M Kazmaier, Barkev Keoshkerian, George Liebermann, Naveen Chopra, Hadi K Mahabadi, Jaan Noolandi, Francisco E Torres: Preparation of micromultichromal spheres. Xerox Corporation, Eugene O Palazzo, Oliff & Berridge, February 6, 2007: US07172712

A method of making a multichromal sphere includes the steps of preparing a composition of at least (1) a matrix material and (2) at least two sets of particles, each of the sets of particles having a color different from at least one of another of the sets of particles and a segregation (e.g., an el ...


44
Saroj Kumar Sahu, Francisco E Torres, Scott J Limb: Wireless thermionic sensor package and methods of using. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, February 27, 2018: US09903768

A thermionic sensor package and methods of using the same are disclosed. The sensor package includes a substrate, a package housing disposed on the substrate and at least partially defining a package chamber in which vacuum conditions are maintained, a thermionic sensor disposed in the package chamb ...


45
Saroj Kumar Sahu, Scott Limb, Francisco E Torres: Wireless thermionic sensor. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, February 27, 2018: US09903767

A thermionic sensor is disclosed. The sensor includes a sensor housing at least partially defining an emission chamber in which at least a partial vacuum is maintained; a cathode disposed in the emission chamber; an anode disposed in the emission chamber and spaced apart from the cathode; and an ele ...


46
Cory Lancaster, Francisco E Torres, Mark J Stephenson: Dual-compartment bioreactor for use in wastewater treatment and algal production. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, Fay Sharpe, November 8, 2016: US09487748

A dual compartment bioreactor system includes a heterotrophic bioreactor, an autotrophic bioreactor, and a membrane between the autotrophic bioreactor and the heterotrophic bioreactor. The autotrophic bioreactor includes a transparent outer wall. Each population benefits from the products of the met ...


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Francisco E Torres, Richard H Bruce, James R Williamson, Peter Kuhn, Ray Stevens: Amplification of enzymatic reactions for use with an enthalpy array. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, The Scripps Research Institute, Fay Sharpe, June 29, 2010: US07745161

Provided is a method of detecting characteristics of a reaction of interest, including instituting the reaction of interest, obtaining an amplified heat related to the reaction of interest, measuring the amplified heat, and determining the characteristics of the reaction of interest, using the signa ...


48
Saroj Kumar Sahu, Francisco E Torres: Sea water desalination system. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, The Marbury Law Group PLLC, May 17, 2016: US09340436

There is disclosed an electrochemical cell for treating water comprising at least one water chamber configured to hold water to be treated; at least one redox electrode comprising reactants capable of accepting and having a reversible redox reaction with at least one negative ion in the water; at le ...


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Michael I Recht, Joerg Martini, Gregory L Whiting, Francisco E Torres: Photometric enthalpy change detection system and method. PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER INCORPORATED, Fay Sharpe, March 14, 2017: US09594039

A method for detecting an enthalpy change includes providing a first mixture and a second mixture to a drop generator. The first mixture includes a ligand. The second mixture contains a target molecule. The method further includes generating a drop in the drop generator. The drop includes the target ...


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Naveen Chopra, Steven Georges, Peter M Kazmaier, Sammy Y H Ro, Man C Tam, Francisco E Torres, Sophie V Vandebroek: Colored cyber toner using multicolored gyricon spheres. Xerox Corporation, Oliff & Berridge, March 2, 2004: US06699570

A dynamic reimageable document or electric paper can be formed from ordinary substrates such as paper, transparencies or fabric by printing of microencapsulated Gyricon beads onto one or more discrete surface areas of the substrate. The substrate can include both fixed print regions formed by conven ...