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Francisco E Torres, Michael Chabinyc, Scott Elrod, Eric Peeters, Gregory B Anderson, Alan G Bell, Richard H Bruce: Use of physical barriers to minimize evaporative heat losses. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, Fay Sharpe, March 29, 2011: US07914735 (2 worldwide citation)

A detection system includes a detection device and an anti-evaporation device. The detection device comprises a region configured to merge at least two small drops and to detect a potential transient signal generated by the merger of the drops. The an anti-evaporation is configured to enclose the re ...


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Francisco E Torres, Jonathan S Daniels, Meng H Lean: Osmotic reaction detector for detecting biological and non-biological reactions. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, Fay Sharpe, February 23, 2010: US07666680 (1 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for measuring the presence or absence of interaction between at least a first and second material of interest by measuring osmotic pressure changes in an osmotic cell. Changes in osmotic pressure are determined by measuring the amount of compression exhibited by a compressible ...


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Francisco E Torres, Karl Littau, Eric Shrader: Osmotic reaction detector for monitoring biological and non-biological reactions. Xerox Corporation, Fay Sharpe, December 14, 2010: US07851226 (1 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for measuring the presence or absence of reaction between a first and second material of interest by measuring osmotic pressure changes in a reaction cell. The reaction cell is capable of measuring the small changes in pressure that occur due to osmotic pressure shifts during ...


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Francisco E Torres, Karl Littau, Eric Shrader: Osmotic reaction cell for monitoring biological and non-biological reactions. Xerox Corporation, Fay Sharpe, November 10, 2009: US07615375 (1 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for measuring the presence or absence of reaction between a first and second material of interest by measuring osmotic pressure changes in a reaction cell. The reaction cell is capable of measuring the small changes in pressure that occur due to osmotic pressure shifts during ...


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Norine E Chang, C Wayne Jaeger, Scott Jong Ho Limb, Eric J Shrader, Francisco E Torres, Kris Schmidt: Solid inks for printed masks. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, Oliff & Berridge, July 3, 2012: US08211617 (1 worldwide citation)

A printed mask derived from a composition comprised of at least one compound including at least one alkaline-hydrolyzable group, and at least one compound including at least one ethylene oxide group. The printed mask is removable using an alkaline solution in about 30 seconds or less.


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Karl A Littau, Francisco E Torres: by aqueous carbonate flue gas capture and high efficiency bipolar membrane electrodialysis, System and method for recovery of CO. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, O Brien Jones PLLC, September 17, 2013: US08535502 (1 worldwide citation)

A system and method for recovery of CO2 includes an aqueous capture device having a capture solution. The aqueous capture device is arranged to receive gas and to capture components from the gas including at least CO2. An electrodialysis unit in operative connection with the capture device performs ...


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Francisco E Torres, Richard H Bruce, James R Williamson, Peter Kuhn, Ray Stevens: Amplification of enzymatic reactions for use with an enthalpy array. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, The Scripps Research Institute, Fay Sharpe, June 29, 2010: US07745161 (1 worldwide citation)

Provided is a method of detecting characteristics of a reaction of interest, including instituting the reaction of interest, obtaining an amplified heat related to the reaction of interest, measuring the amplified heat, and determining the characteristics of the reaction of interest, using the signa ...


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Garland J Nichols, Ming Hong Hu, Garry R Fagu, James P Bearman, Francisco E Torres: Ink jet printing process. Xerox, February 29, 2000: JP2000-063724 (1 worldwide citation)

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a printing method for capable of reducing stitch mottles, wet smears and mid-frequency line edge noise and comprising integrating an ink composition into an ink jet printing system and jetting the ink droplets onto a printing sheet. SOLUTION: This method comprises in ...


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Lean Meng H, Ben Hsieh H, Fitch John S, Volkel Armin R, Preas Bryan T, Elrod Scott A, Bruce Richard H, Peeters Eric, Francisco E Torres, Chabinyc Michael L: Reconfigurable distributed multi-segmented traveling wave grid. Palo Alto Research Center, January 6, 2005: JP2005-003685 (1 worldwide citation)

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an electrophoretic system using a distributed reconfigurable traveling wave grid.SOLUTION: Various traveling wave grids (50, 410, 420 and 430), electrophoretic systems (10 and 400) and an electrode assembly using those grids are disclosed. A constitution for allowing ...


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Scott Albert Uhland, Eric Peeters, Francisco E Torres, Philipp Helmut Schmaelzle: Drug deactivation method. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, Marger Johnson & McCollom PC, February 4, 2014: US08642830

A drug deactivation system according to some embodiments includes at least one drug-retaining region of a drug delivery device and at least one energy source coupled to the at least one drug-retaining region. The at least one drug-retaining region may be configured to retain a drug. The at least one ...