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Scott A Elrod, Eric Peeters, Francisco E Torres, David K Biegelsen, John L Dunec, Alan G Bell: Apparatus and method for using electrostatic force to cause fluid movement. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, Linda M Robb, Daniel B Curtis, December 12, 2006: US07147763 (57 worldwide citation)

A device for effecting motion of liquid droplets on a surface through the use of electrostatic field force includes a single substrate on which are disposed a plurality of spaced-apart electrodes. A dielectric material surrounds the electrodes on the substrate. The surface on which the liquid drople ...


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Alan G Bell, Richard H Bruce, Scott A Elrod, Eric Peeters, Francisco E Torres: Apparatus and method for a nanocalorimeter for detecting chemical reactions. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, Linda M Robb, November 28, 2006: US07141210 (33 worldwide citation)

A nanocalorimeter array for detecting chemical reactions includes at least one thermal isolation region residing on a substrate. Each thermal isolation region includes at least one thermal equilibration region, within which resides a thermal measurement device connected to detection electronics.


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Richard H Bruce, Dirk De Bruyker, Francisco E Torres, Michal V Wolkin: Thermal sensing. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, Leading Edge Law Group, James T Beran, January 6, 2009: US07473030 (19 worldwide citation)

In thermal sensing devices, such as for calorimetry, a support layer or central layer can have a thermometer element or other thermal sensor on one side and a thermally conductive structure or component on the other. The thermally conductive structure can conduct temperature or other thermal input s ...


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Garland J Nichols, Min Hong Fu, Gary R Fague, James P Bareman, Francisco E Torres: Ink composition for ink jet printing. Xerox Corporation, Judith L Byorick, September 26, 2000: US06124376 (15 worldwide citation)

Disclosed is a process which comprises incorporating into an ink jet printing apparatus an ink composition which comprises water, a colorant, and a polymer of the formula ##STR1## wherein m, n, x, and y are each integers representing the number of repeat monomer units, and wherein the ratio of x:y i ...


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Francisco E Torres, Richard H Bruce, Rodney Turner: Screening for ligand binding at specific target sites. Palo Alto Research Center Incorporated, Fay Sharpe, September 2, 2008: US07419835 (15 worldwide citation)

A method for screening of compounds for binding differentiation at various drug target binding sites is used with a device measuring the enthalpy of reaction for the binding. The method includes merging test ligand with target compound and merging test ligand with target compound in the presence of ...


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Francisco E Torres: Bichromal beads having electrolytes therein. Xerox Corporation, Annette L Bade, January 1, 2002: US06335818 (12 worldwide citation)

A display media and display apparatus with a substrate, and bichromal beads having an electrolyte and a polymer, wherein the bichromal beads are dispersed or contained in the substrate are set forth.


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Naveen Chopra, Peter M Kazmaier, Francisco E Torres: Microcapsule composition. Xerox Corporation, Zosan S Soong, December 10, 2002: US06492025 (9 worldwide citation)

A composition including: a plurality of microcapsules each including one to five particles in a liquid droplet, and a complex coacervation induced shell encapsulating the liquid droplet and the one to five particles.



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