1
William J Bowerman, Stanley L James, Dennis E Vixie: Multilayered sole athletic shoe with improved foam mid-sole. BRS, Klarquist Sparkman Campbell Leigh Hall & Whinston, December 12, 1978: US04128950 (125 worldwide citation)

An athletic shoe of reduced weight is described employing low density, closed cell, synthetic plastic foam for an intermediate sole layer and/or heel lift sole layer between a harder outer sole layer and the shoe upper. The foam is a polyethylene or ethylene vinyl acetate foam having a density not s ...


2
Geoffrey L Hollister, Dennis E Vixie: Athletic training shoe having foam core and apertured sole layers. BRS, Klarquist Sparkman Campbell Leigh Hall & Whinston, August 23, 1977: US04043058 (115 worldwide citation)

A straight last athletic training shoe is described employing a foam core sole layer and an apertured sole layer between a harder outer sole layer and the shoe upper. The apertured sole layer provides lightweight cushioning and is preferably a heel lift layer positioned below an intermediate sole la ...


3
William J Bowerman, Stanley L James, Dennis E Vixie: Cleated sole for athletic shoe. BRS, Klarquist Sparkman Campbell Leigh Hall & Whinston, July 4, 1978: US04098011 (95 worldwide citation)

A cleated outer sole for an athletic shoe is described which includes two pairs of heel and toe cleats of large ground engaging surface area to provide a long wearing sole. These pairs of large cleats are surrounded by smaller gripping cleats of substantially the same height as such larger cleats an ...


4
William J Bowerman, Stanley L James, Dennis E Vixie: Athletic shoe having laterally elongated metatarsal cleat. BRS, Klarquist Sparkman Campbell Leigh Hall & Whinston, August 22, 1978: US04107858 (49 worldwide citation)

An athletic shoe is described with an outer sole having a laterally elongated matetarsal cleat of resilient material molded integral with such outer sole. The metatarsal cleat extends laterally across the entire width of the toe portion of the sole in a position immediately behind the heads of the m ...


5
William J Bowerman, Geoffrey L Hollister, Stanley L James, Dennis E Vixie: Track shoes having straight last and improved spike placement. BRS, Klarquist Sparkman Campbell Leigh Hall & Whinston, July 15, 1980: US04212120 (16 worldwide citation)

A track shoe is described having a shoe upper and sole made on a straight last, whose last axis bisects the heel and passes through the second metatarsal head of the wearer's foot. The spike plate portion of the sole has a rear pair of spike fasteners which place the two rearmost spikes behind the h ...