1
Mark W Cowan, Debra S Echt, Richard E Riley, Axel F Brisken: Leadless tissue stimulation systems and methods. EBR Systems, Townsend and Townsend and Crew, October 27, 2009: US07610092 (115 worldwide citation)

Systems including an implantable receiver-stimulator and an implantable controller-transmitter are used for leadless electrical stimulation of body tissues. Cardiac pacing and arrhythmia control is accomplished with one or more implantable receiver-stimulators and an external or implantable controll ...


2
Mark W Cowan, Debra S Echt, Richard E Riley, Axel F Brisken: Leadless tissue stimulation systems and methods. EBR Systems, Townsend and Townsend and Crew, July 7, 2009: US07558631 (97 worldwide citation)

Systems including an implantable receiver-stimulator and an external controller-transmitter system are used for leadless acute stimulation of the heart, particularly after heart surgery. Cardiac pacing and arrhythmia control is accomplished with one or more implantable receiver-stimulators and an ex ...


3
Axel F Brisken, Mark W Cowan, Debra S Echt, Richard E Riley: Implantable transducer devices. EBR Systems, Townsend and Townsend and Crew, October 20, 2009: US07606621 (91 worldwide citation)

Receiver-stimulators comprise a nearly isotropic transducer assembly, demodulator circuitry, and at least two tissue contacting electrodes. Use of near isotropic transducers allows the devices to be implanted with less concern regarding the orientation relative to an acoustic energy source. Transduc ...


4
Mark W Cowan, Richard E Riley, Axel F Brisken, Debra S Echt: Systems and methods for implantable leadless nerve stimulation. EBR Systems, Kilpatrick Townsend & Stockton, February 22, 2011: US07894907 (91 worldwide citation)

Systems and methods are disclosed to stimulate nerves to treat medical conditions such as pain, and other conditions, such as, CHF, obesity, incontinence, etc., that could be controlled by the stimulation of the vagal nerves. The invention uses electrical stimulation of the nerve, where vibrational ...


5
Mark W Cowan, Richard E Riley, Axel F Brisken, Debra S Echt: Systems and methods for implantable leadless spine stimulation. EBR Systems, Kilpatrick Townsend & Stockton, March 1, 2011: US07899542 (65 worldwide citation)

Systems and methods are disclosed to stimulate spine tissue to treat medical conditions such as pain and spinal injury. The invention uses electrical stimulation of the spine, where vibrational energy from a source is received by an implanted device and converted to electrical energy and the convert ...


6
Debra S Echt, Axel F Brisken, Richard E Riley: Methods and systems for treating arrhythmias using a combination of vibrational and electrical energy. EBR Systems, Townsend and Townsend and Crew, February 27, 2007: US07184830 (54 worldwide citation)

Methods and apparatus for cardiac pacing, cardioversion and defibrillation rely on delivering ultrasonic or other vibrational energy in combination with electrical energy to the heart, usually after the onset of an arrhythmia. A vibrational transducer and suitable electrical contacts may be combined ...


7
Debra S Echt, Axel F Brisken, Richard E Riley, Mark W Cowan: Vibrational therapy device used for resynchronization pacing in a treatment for heart failure. EBR Systems, Townsend and Townsend and Crew, May 23, 2006: US07050849 (54 worldwide citation)

Systems for pacing the heart include a vibrational transducer which directs energy at the heart, usually at at least a ventricle, to pace the heart and to promote synchronized contraction of the ventricles. Optionally, additional vibrational and/or electrical stimulation may be provided. The vibrati ...


8
Debra S Echt, Axel F Brisken, Richard E Riley: Methods and systems for vibrational treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. EBR Systems, Townsend and Townsend and Crew, February 28, 2006: US07006864 (52 worldwide citation)

Methods and apparatus for cardiac pacing, cardioversion, and defibrillation rely on delivering ultrasonic and other vibrational energy to the heart, usually after the onset of an arrhythmia. A vibrational transducer assembly is implanted or applied externally so that vibrational energy can be direct ...


9
Mark W Cowan, Debra S Echt, Richard E Riley, Axel F Brisken: Leadless tissue stimulation systems and methods. EBR Systems, Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati, August 9, 2011: US07996087 (49 worldwide citation)

Systems including an implantable receiver-stimulator and an implantable controller-transmitter are used for leadless electrical stimulation of body tissues. Cardiac pacing and arrhythmia control is accomplished with one or more implantable receiver-stimulators and an external or implantable controll ...


10
Axel F Brisken, Mark W Cowan, Debra S Echt, Richard E Riley: Implantable transducer devices. EBR Systems, Townsend and Townsend and Crew, December 7, 2010: US07848815 (47 worldwide citation)

Receiver-stimulators comprise a nearly isotropic transducer assembly, demodulator circuitry, and at least two tissue contacting electrodes. Use of near isotropic transducers allows the devices to be implanted with less concern regarding the orientation relative to an acoustic energy source. Transduc ...