1
Christopher C Toly: Human surgical trainer and methods for training. August 24, 2004: US06780016 (61 worldwide citation)

The present invention provides a surgical trainer having a simulated human tissue structure made of an elastomeric composition and having at least one reinforcing layer of a fibrous material. The surgical trainer preferably includes three areas for practicing surgical skills. The first is the abdomi ...


2
Christopher C Toly: Medical physiological simulator including a conductive elastomer layer. Ronald M Anderson, December 28, 2010: US07857626 (41 worldwide citation)

Conductive elastomeric circuits are used in various simulated physiological structures such as tissues and organs, enabling feedback to be provided indicating whether a simulated task is being performed correctly. For example, a surgical trainer has a simulated human tissue structure made of an elas ...


3
Christopher C Toly: Laparoscopic and endoscopic trainer including a digital camera. Ronald M Anderson, September 29, 2009: US07594815 (27 worldwide citation)

A videoendoscopic surgery training system includes a housing defining a practice volume in which a simulated anatomical structure is disposed. Openings in the housing enable surgical instruments inserted into the practice volume to access the anatomical structure. A digital video camera is disposed ...


4
Christopher C Toly: Laparoscopic and endoscopic trainer including a digital camera with multiple camera angles. Ronald M Anderson, August 30, 2011: US08007281 (23 worldwide citation)

A videoendoscopic surgery training system includes a housing defining a practice volume in which a simulated anatomical structure is disposed. Surgical instruments can be inserted into the practice volume to access the anatomical structure. A digital video camera is disposed within the housing to im ...


5
Christopher C Toly: Simulated anatomical structures incorporating an embedded image layer. Ronald M Anderson, December 14, 2010: US07850454 (18 worldwide citation)

A simulated physiological structure includes an image layer configured to enhance a visual appearance of the simulated physiological structure. The image layer includes a substrate onto which an image has been printed. Preferably, the substrate is a relatively thin layer, compared to other layers of ...


6
Christopher C Toly: Physiological simulator for use as a brachial plexus nerve block trainer. Lee & Hayes PLLC, October 15, 2013: US08556635 (17 worldwide citation)

Conductive elastomeric circuits representing three brachial plexus nerve bundles and sheaths that surround each nerve bundle are embedded in a neck tissue portion of a simulated physiological structure for use in training and evaluating a user in performing a brachial plexus nerve block procedure. A ...


7
Christopher C Toly: Medical physiological simulator including a conductive elastomer layer. Lee & Hayes PLLC, December 4, 2012: US08323029 (15 worldwide citation)

Conductive elastomeric circuits are used in various simulated physiological structures such as tissues and organs, enabling feedback to be provided indicating whether a simulated task is being performed correctly. For example, a surgical trainer has a simulated human tissue structure made of an elas ...


8
Christopher C Toly: Medical training simulator including contact-less sensors. Ronald M Anderson, February 23, 2010: US07665995 (10 worldwide citation)

A medical training simulator includes contact-less sensors and corresponding detection objects, configured to enable sensor data collected during a training exercise to be used to evaluate the performance of the training exercise. The simulator includes a simulated anatomical structure, at least one ...


9
Christopher C Toly: Medical training simulator including contact-less sensors. Simulab Corporation, Law Office of Ronald M Anderson, April 24, 2012: US08162668 (8 worldwide citation)

A medical training simulator includes contact-less sensors and corresponding detection objects, configured to enable sensor data collected during a training exercise to be used to evaluate the performance of the training exercise. The simulator includes a simulated anatomical structure, at least one ...


10
Christopher C Toly, Douglas J Beighle, Aaron M Erbeck, Tyler L Hartley, Jay A Borseth: Detecting insertion of needle into simulated vessel using a conductive fluid. Simulab Corporation, Lee & Hayes PLLC, July 31, 2018: US10037715

A medical trainer simulator includes a plurality of simulated vessels filled with a conductive fluid representing, for example, veins or arteries. While performing a procedure using the medical trainer, a person inserts a medical instrument, e.g., a needle or scalpel, into a selected vessel, causing ...