1
Carl F Ruoff: Memory metal actuator. The United States of America represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Paul F McCaul, John R Manning, Thomas H Jones, November 19, 1985: US04553393 (311 worldwide citation)

A mechanical actuator can be constructed by employing a plurality of memory metal actuator elements in parallel to control the amount of actuating force. In order to facilitate direct control by digital control signals provided by a computer or the like, the actuating elements may vary in stiffness ...


2
Carl F Ruoff, J Kenneth Salisbury Jr: Multi-fingered robotic hand. The United States of America represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Thomas H Jones, John R Manning, Charles E B Glenn, May 1, 1990: US04921293 (122 worldwide citation)

A robotic hand having a plurality of fingers, each having a plurality of joints pivotally connected one to the other, with actuators connected at one end to an actuating and control mechanism mounted remotely from the hand and at the other end to the joints of the fingers for manipulating the finger ...


3
Carl F Ruoff Jr: Method and apparatus for calibrating mechanical-visual part manipulating system. The Bendix Corporation, John R Benefiel, October 12, 1976: US03986007 (95 worldwide citation)

An automaton includes a work part supporting and manipulating system having sensors which provide signals indicative of the position of the work holder in a first coordinate system and a television system which can observe a part and generate signals representative of the position of the part in the ...


4
Carl F Ruoff Jr: Retinally stabilized differential resolution television display. The United States of America represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Paul F McCaul, John R Manning, Thomas H Jones, April 23, 1985: US04513317 (53 worldwide citation)

A remote television viewing system employing an eye tracker is disclosed, wherein a small region of the image appears in high resolution, and the remainder of the image appears in low resolution. The eye tracker monitors the position of the viewer's line of sight. The eye tracker position data is tr ...


5
Carl F Ruoff Jr: Method and apparatus for generating position or path control programs using force feedback. The Bendix Corporation, Kenneth A Seaman, Howard G Massung, July 14, 1981: US04278920 (27 worldwide citation)

A program controlled workpiece manipulator has a load cell supported between the manipulator clamp and the positioning elements which generate signals proportional to the various components of the forces exerted on the workholder by external instrumentalities. To generate a desired control program f ...


6
Carl F Ruoff: Rolling contact robot joint. California Institute of Technology, Jackson & Jones, December 17, 1985: US04558911 (16 worldwide citation)

A robot joint comprising first and second link members having respective congruent arcuate surfaces joined by complementary flexible metal bands and having an integral potentiometer transducer mechanism.


7
Carl F Ruoff Jr, James J Edmond: Multi-axis load cell. The Bendix Corporation, Kenneth A Seaman, Raymond J Eifler, John R Benefiel, February 13, 1979: US04138884 (9 worldwide citation)

A multi-axis load cell of the type adapted to generate signals corresponding to each of the various force and moment components exerted on the load cell is disclosed, comprised of a hub and a housing interconnected by three flexure arms, each flexure arm fixed at one end to one of the hub or housing ...


8
James L Henry, Carl F Ruoff Jr: Multi-axis load cell. The Bendix Corporation, J R Benefiel, K A Seaman, R J Eifler, June 6, 1978: US04092854 (5 worldwide citation)

A multi-axis load cell of the type adapted to generate signals corresponding to each of the various force and moment components exerted on the load cell is disclosed, comprised of a hub and a housing interconnected by three flexure arms, each flexure arm fixed at one end to one of the hub or housing ...