1
Bryan Bals, Farzaneh Teymouri, Timothy J Campbell, Bruce E Dale: Methods of hydrolyzing pretreated densified biomass particulates and systems related thereto. THE MICHIGAN BIOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE, BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY, October 4, 2016: US09458482 (1 worldwide citation)

A method is provided in which pretreated and densified cellulosic biomass particulates can be hydrolyzed at a high solids loading rate as compared with the solids loading rate of loose hydrolysable cellulosic biomass fibers. The resulting high concentration sugar-containing stream can be easily conv ...


2
Bruce Dale, Venkatesh Balan, Shishir Chundawat, Bryan Bals: Process for making fuels and chemicals from AFEX-treated whole grain or whole plants. Board of Trustees of Michigan State University, Ian C McLeod, IAN C McLEOD PC, February 26, 2009: US20090053771-A1

A process for hydrolyzing whole grain or whole plant biomass after an Ammonia Fiber Explosion (AFEX) process step is described. The process preferably uses a biomass that is hydrolyzed using a different combination of enzymes (amylase, cellulase and hemicellulase) to sugars for fermentation to produ ...


3
Bruce E Dale, Bryan Bals, Venkatesh Balan: Separation of Proteins from Grasses Integrated with Ammonia Fiber Explosion (AFEX) Pretreatment and Cellulose Hydrolysis. IAN C McLEOD PC, December 24, 2009: US20090318670-A1

A process for extracting an aqueous ammonium hydroxide solution from a plant biomass after an Ammonia Fiber Explosion (AFEX) process step, is described. The proteins can be separated before or after a hydrolysis of sugar precursors (carbohydrates) from the biomass to produce sugars for fermentation ...