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Bruce E Dale, Justin K Weaver: Process for treating cellulosic materials. Board of Trustees operating Michigan State University, Ian C McLeod, August 22, 2000: US06106888 (75 worldwide citation)

A process and screw in barrel apparatus (10) for expanding cellulosic materials is described. The expanded cellulosic material is useful as an animal feed and a nutrient source for fermentation processes.


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Bruce E Dale: Method for increasing the reactivity and digestibility of cellulose with ammonia. Colorado State University Research Foundation, Burton Dorr & Carson, July 15, 1986: US04600590 (70 worldwide citation)

A method of treating cellulose-containing materials to increase chemical and biological reactivity of cellulose. The cellulose is contacted, in a pressure vessel, with a volatile liquid swelling agent having a vapor pressure greater than atmospheric at ambient temperatures, such as ammonia. The cont ...


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Bruce E Dale: Process for increasing the reactivity of cellulose-containing materials. Colorado State University Research Foundation, Arnold White & Durkee, August 6, 1991: US05037663 (65 worldwide citation)

This process for increasing the reactivity of cellulose-containing materials such as animal feedstuffs involves contacting the material, in a pressure vessel, with a volatile liquid swelling agent e.g. ammonia, which has a vapor pressure greater than atmospheric pressure at ambient temperatures. The ...


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Masomeh B Sticklen, Bruce E Dale, Shahina B Maqbool: Transgenic plants containing ligninase and cellulase which degrade lignin and cellulose to fermentable sugars. Board of Trustees of Michigan State University, Ian C McLeod, May 23, 2006: US07049485 (20 worldwide citation)

The present invention provides transgenic plants which after harvest degrade the lignin and cellulose therein to fermentable sugars which can further be fermented to ethanol or other products. In particular, the transgenic plants comprise ligninase and cellulase genes from microbes operably linked t ...


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George T Tsao, Bruce E Dale, Michael R Ladisch: Nontoxic cellulose solvent and process for forming and utilizing the same. Purdue Research Foundation, John R Nesbitt, Robert E Harris, May 5, 1981: US04265675 (10 worldwide citation)

A nontoxic cellulose solvent and process for forming and utilizing the same. The solvent includes a metal chelating agent, a metal compound, an oxygen scavenging stabilizing agent and a caustic swelling agent with the disclosed solvent being prepared in either aqueous or solid form. The solvent is c ...


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Bruce E Dale, Bryan Ritchie, Derek Marshall: Pretreated densified biomass products. Board of Trustees of Michigan State University, Clark IP Law, March 18, 2014: US08673031 (9 worldwide citation)

A product comprising at least one densified biomass particulate of a given mass having no added binder and comprised of a plurality of lignin-coated plant biomass fibers is provided, wherein the at least one densified biomass particulate has an intrinsic density substantially equivalent to a binder- ...


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Bruce E Dale, Lee R Lynd, Mark Laser: Process for the treatment of lignocellulosic biomass. Board of Trustees of Michigan State University, Clark IP Law, March 12, 2013: US08394611 (9 worldwide citation)

A process for the treatment of biomass to render structural carbohydrates more accessible and/or digestible using concentrated ammonium hydroxide with or without anhydrous ammonia addition, is described. The process preferably uses steam to strip ammonia from the biomass for recycling. The process y ...


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Masomeh B Sticklen, Bruce E Dale, Shahina B Maqbool: Transgenic plants containing ligninase and cellulase which degrade lignin and cellulose to fermentable sugars. Board of Trustees of Michigan State University, Ian C McLeod, August 4, 2009: US07569745 (9 worldwide citation)

The present invention provides transgenic plants which after harvest degrade the lignin and cellulose therein to fermentable sugars which can further be fermented to ethanol or other products. In particular, the transgenic plants comprise ligninase and cellulase genes from microbes operably linked t ...


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Masomeh B Sticklen, Bruce E Dale, Shahina B Maqbool: Transgenic plants containing ligninase and cellulase which degrade lignin and cellulose to fermentable sugars. Board of Trustees of Michigan State University, Ian C McLeod, May 13, 2008: US07371926 (8 worldwide citation)

The present invention provides transgenic plants which after harvest degrade the lignin and cellulose therein to fermentable sugars which can further be fermented to ethanol or other products. In particular, the transgenic plants comprise ligninase and cellulase genes from microbes operably linked t ...