1
Eric J Guilbeau, Bruce C Towe: Implantable microelectronic biochemical sensor incorporating thin film thermopile. Arizona Board of Regents, Cahill Sutton & Thomas, June 19, 1990: US04935345 (405 worldwide citation)

A biochemical sensor is provided for measuring the concentration of a chemical dissolved within a fluid by providing a differential voltage proportional to a temperature differential resulting from the heat evolved from the enzymatic reaction of the chemical under test. The biochemical sensor is for ...


2
Vincent B Pizziconi, Bruce C Towe: Method and apparatus for withdrawing, collecting and biosensing chemical constituents from complex fluids. Joseph D Kennedy, May 23, 1989: US04832034 (274 worldwide citation)

An anisotropic hollow fiber membrane is utilized to sample fluids for selected substances by convective flow of liquid and such substances, with conduct of the liquid to a sensor for analysis for such substances, to permit monitoring, particularly of body fluids, for such substances with short respo ...


3
Bruce C Towe: Systems, and methods for neurostimulation and neurotelemetry using semiconductor diode systems. Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of Arizona State University, Fulbright & Jaworski, December 9, 2014: US08909343 (9 worldwide citation)

Methods and systems for neurostimulation and/or neurotelemetry of electrically-excitable biological tissue. Embodiments include implanting single or multiple semiconductor diodes and applying a high frequency electrical volume current. Neurostimulation embodiments include local rectification of the ...


4
Bruce C Towe: Noninvasive biomagnesonic method of biocurrent measurement. Cahill Sutton & Thomas, April 22, 1986: US04583545 (5 worldwide citation)

An arrangement for noninvasively detecting both alternating and direct biocurrents in a living organism applies a magnetic field to the organism, such that a biocurrent flowing in the organism interacts with the applied magnetic field to generate a force in the tissue of the organism at the location ...


5
Bruce C Towe, William E Crisp: Neurostimulator. Arizona Board of Regents a Body Corporate Acting for and on behalf of Arizona State University, Fulbright & Jaworski L, February 5, 2013: US08369956 (2 worldwide citation)

Methods and devices for stimulating nerves are disclosed. In one embodiment adapted for stimulating excitable tissue, the invention includes drive circuitry, an acoustic transducer and a pair of electrodes.


6
Bruce C Towe: Systems and methods for wireless transmission of biopotentials. Arizona Board of Regents for and on Behalf of Arizona State University, Norton Rose Fulbright US, July 4, 2017: US09693708

The invention relates to wireless biotelemetry of low level bioelectric and biosensor signals by directly modulating the backscatter of a resonant circuit. Low level electrical analog or digital signals are directly applied to a resonant circuit containing a voltage-variable capacitor such as a vara ...


7
Bruce C Towe: Dipolar antenna system and related methods. ARIZONA BOARD OF REGENTS A BODY CORPORATE OF THE STATE OF ARIZONA ACTING FOR AND ON BEHALF OF ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY, Bryan Cave, July 11, 2017: US09700712

Some embodiments include a dipolar antenna system to electrically power an implantable miniature device and/or to stimulate bioelectrically excitable tissue, such as, for example, through microelectronic neurostimulation. Other related systems and methods are also disclosed.


8
Bruce C Towe: Apparatus, systems, and methods for current monitoring in ultrasound powered neurostimulation. Arizona Board of Regents on Behalf of Arizona State University, Norton Rose Fulbright US, July 17, 2018: US10022566

Apparatus, systems, and methods for current monitoring in ultrasound powered neurostimulation. The apparatus may include an ultrasound transmitter configured to emit an ultrasound output directed at a piezoelectric device implanted in biological tissue. The apparatus may also include a detector conf ...


9
Bruce C Towe, Daniel Gulick: Controlled stimulation delivery from neurostimulator. Arizona Board of Regents on Behalf Arizona State University, Norton Rose Fulbright US, September 20, 2016: US09446255

A system for providing neurostimulation includes an external device (“external exciter”) and an implanted device. The external exciter includes an energy source which inductively powers the implanted device. Examples of such external exciters include devices having at least one of: ultrasonic transd ...


10
Bruce C Towe: Apparatus, systems, and methods for neurostimulation and neurotelemetry using semiconductor diode systems. Arizona Board of Regents, Fulbright & Jaworski, May 13, 2014: US08725270

Methods and systems for neurostimulation and/or neurotelemetry of electrically-excitable biological tissue. In one embodiment, a method includes providing a radio frequency output to a diode implanted in biological tissue. The radio frequency output cause current to flow in the diode that is suffici ...