Ulrich Klostermann
Rainer Leuschner, Daniel Braun, Gill Yong Lee, Ulrich Klostermann: Magnetic memory with static magnetic offset field. Infineon Technologies, Altis Semiconductor, Dicke Billig & Czaja PLLC, July 11, 2006: US07075807 (7 worldwide citation)

A magnetoresistive or magnetic memory element and a magnetic random access memory having one or more magnetic memory elements. The memory element includes a magnetic tunnel junction including first and a second magnetic layers. The first magnetic layer having a free magnetization. The free magnetiza ...

Ulrich Klostermann
Hubert Brueckl, Ulrich Klostermann, Joachim Wecker: Method for homogeneously magnetizing an exchange-coupled layer system of a digital magnetic memory location device. Infineon Technologies, Slater & Matsil L, July 11, 2006: US07075814 (1 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for homogeneously magnetizing an exchange-coupled layer system of a digital magnetic memory cell device comprising an AAF layer system and an antiferromagnetic layer that exchange-couples a layer of the AAF layer system, characterized in that, given a defined direction of magn ...

Stéphane De Lombaert
Raymond F Horvath, Jennifer Tran, Stéphane De Lombaert, Kevin J Hodgetts, Philip A Carpino, David A Griffith: Certain alkylene diamine-substituted heterocycles. Neurogen, Pfizer, Sonia K Guterman, Lawson & Weitzen, July 11, 2006: US07074929

This invention relates to novel compounds, compositions, and methods for the treatment of physiological disorders associated with an excess of neuropeptide Y. The novel compounds encompassed by the present invention are those of the formula II, IV, V, VII–IX and XI


Peter C Simpson, James R Petisce, Victoria Carr Brendel, James H Brauker: Electrode systems for electrochemical sensors. DexCom, Knobbe Martens Olson & Bear, July 11, 2006: US07074307 (741 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates generally to systems and methods for improved electrochemical measurement of analytes. The preferred embodiments employ electrode systems including an analyte-measuring electrode for measuring the analyte or the product of an enzyme reaction with the analyte and an auxi ...

Patrick W Smith: Less lethal weapons and methods for halting locomotion. TASER International, William R Bachand, July 11, 2006: US07075770 (262 worldwide citation)

A hand-held stun gun incapacitates a human target by generating a series of powerful electrical output pulses of pulse energy of from 0.9 Joules to 10 Joules which generate a series of output current pulses have an RMS current flow of from 100 milliamps to 500 milliamps when the first and second out ...

Mir A Imran, Olivier K Collion, Ted W Layman, Sharon L Lake: Gastric device and instrument system and method. Intrapace, Susan M Schmitt, Peters Verny Jones Schmitt & Aston, July 11, 2006: US07076305 (260 worldwide citation)

A device, system and method for diagnosing and treating gastric disorders is provided. A functional device resides within the patient's stomach and is secured to the stomach wall by an attachment device. The functional device may be a sensor for sensing various parameters of the stomach or stomach e ...

Harold J Vinegar, John Michael Karanikas, Kirk Samuel Hansen: Staged and/or patterned heating during in situ thermal processing of a hydrocarbon containing formation. Shell Oil Company, July 11, 2006: US07073578 (244 worldwide citation)

A method for treating a hydrocarbon containing formation is described. The method for treating a hydrocarbon containing formation may include heating a first volume of the formation using a first set of heaters. A second volume of the formation may be heated using a second set of heaters. The first ...

Antonius Theodorus Anna Maria Derksen, Sjoerd Nicolaas Lambertus Donders, Christiaan Alexander Hoogendam, Joeri Lof, Erik Roelof Loopstra, Jeroen Johannes Sophia Maria Mertens, Johannes Catharinus Hubertus Mulkens, Timotheus Franciscus Sengers, Alexander Straaijer, Bob Streefkerk: Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method. ASML Netherlands, Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman, July 11, 2006: US07075616 (230 worldwide citation)

In a lithographic projection apparatus, a liquid supply system provides liquid in a space between the final element of the projection system and the substrate of the lithographic projection apparatus. A shutter member is provided to contain liquid in the liquid supply system during, for example, sub ...

Alexander Tormasov, Dennis Lunev, Serguei Beloussov, Stanislav Protassov, Yuri Pudgorodsky: Hosting service providing platform system and method. SWSoft Holdings, July 11, 2006: US07076633 (218 worldwide citation)

The present invention is a system and method for utilization of computer clusters with automatic configuration and virtual environments integrated with a distributed file system as a hosting service providing platform. The virtual environment of the present invention emulates no hardware and is esse ...