Sholom S Rosen: Electronic-monetary system. Citibank N A, Thomas P Dowling, Laurence J Bromberg, September 26, 1995: US05453601 (751 worldwide citation)

An improved monetary system using electronic media to exchange economic value securely and reliably. The invention provides a complete monetary system having electronic money that is interchangeable with conventional paper money comprising (1) issuing banks or financial institutions that are coupled ...

Duncan C Mackay, Babak Ahmadi: Data storage system with set lists which contain elements associated with parents for defining a logical hierarchy and general record pointers identifying specific data sets. Universal Firmware, Merchant Gould Smith Edell Welter & Schmidt, September 26, 1995: US05454101 (693 worldwide citation)

In a computer having one or more secondary storage devices attached thereto, a Finite Data Environment Processor (FDEP) manages Data Sets residing on the secondary storage devices and in memory using Set Lists (SLs) and General Record Pointers (GRPs). The Data Sets contain either data or logical org ...

Wesley D Sterman, Lawrence C Siegel, Patricia E Curtis, John H Stevens, Timothy R Machold: Methods for performing thoracoscopic coronary artery bypass. Stanford Surgical Technologies, Townsend and Townsend Khourie and Crew, September 26, 1995: US05452733 (615 worldwide citation)

A method for performing coronary artery bypass relies on viewing the cardiac region through a thoracoscope or other viewing scope and endovascularaly partitioning the patient's arterial system at a location within the ascending aorta. The coronary artery bypass procedures are formed under cardiopulm ...

Brendan Branigan, Esmaiel Kiani Azarbayjany: Finger-cot probe. Masimo Corporation, Knobbe Martens Olson & Bear, September 26, 1995: US05452717 (573 worldwide citation)

An oximetric sensor probe is movably coupled to a patient's finger to facilitate transillumination and detection of optical energy through a portion of the patient's finger without subjecting the finger to significant deformation. The finger is received within a receptacle having a cup-shaped closed ...

William T Freeman: Dynamic and static hand gesture recognition through low-level image analysis. Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories, Robert K Tendler, September 26, 1995: US05454043 (533 worldwide citation)

A low-level model-free dynamic and static hand gesture recognition system utilizes either a 1-D histogram of frequency of occurrence vs. spatial orientation angle for static gestures or a 2-D histogram of frequency of occurrence vs. space-time orientation for dynamic gestures. In each case the histo ...

Warren P Williamson IV, Leo J Nolan: Surgical stapler with tissue gripping ridge. Ethicon Endo Surgery, Matthew S Goodwin, September 26, 1995: US05452837 (484 worldwide citation)

An improved surgical stapler is disclosed having a tissue gripping ridge on at least one of the tissue contacting surfaces. The tissue contact surfaces are preferably displayed on both the anvil and the cartridge surfaces of the surgical stapler. The tissue gripping ridges preferably have serrated s ...

Thomas W Huitema, Thomas J Sierocuk, Eric J Butterfield, Joseph C Hueil, Kirk M Nicola, Robert L Koch Jr: Surgical stapling instrument with improved jaw closure and staple firing actuator mechanism. Ethicon Endo Surgery, Paul A Coletti, September 26, 1995: US05452836 (354 worldwide citation)

An improved surgical stapling instrument is provided for applying surgical staples to human tissue. The instrument has an articulated stapling head assembly mounted by a rotatable and flexible support shaft on an actuator handle assembly with an improved actuator mechanism for closing and firing the ...

Marvin H Caruthers, William S Marshall, Wolfgang Brill, John Nielsen: Polynucleotide phosphorodithioate. University Patents, Yahwak & Associates, September 26, 1995: US05453496 (287 worldwide citation)

Oligonucleotides having at least one phosphorodithioate internucleotide linkage. Phosphorodithioate oligonucleotides exhibit stronger antiviral activity than the corresponding phoshorothioate derivatives.

Shunpei Yamazaki: Electro-optical device constructed with thin film transistors. Semiconductor Energy Laboratory, Gerald J Ferguson Jr, Evan R Smith, Sixbey Friedman Leedom & Ferguson, September 26, 1995: US05453858 (279 worldwide citation)

An electro-optical device and a method for manufacturing the same are disclosed. The device comprises a pair of substrates and an electro-optical modulating layer (e.g. a liquid crystal layer having sandwiched therebetween, said pair of substrates consisting of a first substrate having provided ther ...

Kazuhiro Sato: Input apparatus. Sony Corporation, Ronald P Kananen, September 26, 1995: US05453758 (275 worldwide citation)

An input apparatus comprising one or more detectors for detecting a physical displacement of a given movement in space, an information generating device for generating position specifying information based on a detection result outputted from the detectors, and a transmitter for transmitting the pos ...