Toshikazu Umatate, Hiroyuki Suzuki: Method for successive alignment of chip patterns on a substrate. Nippon Kogaku, Shapiro and Shapiro, October 25, 1988: US04780617 (329 worldwide citation)

A method for successive alignment of each of a plurality of chip patterns regularly arranged on a substrate to a reference position comprises moving the substrate so as to successively make selected chip patterns correspond to the reference position in accordance with design data representative of t ...

Yasuyuki Sakakibara, Yasuaki Tanaka, Seiro Murakami, Kenji Nishi: Exposure method and apparatus. Nikon Corporation, Shapiro and Shapiro, September 5, 1995: US05448332 (318 worldwide citation)

An apparatus for exposing a pattern, formed on a mask, on each of a plurality of partitioned areas on a photosensitive substrate by a step-and-repeat scheme includes a projection optical system for projecting the pattern of the mask on the photosensitive substrate, a substrate stage for holding the ...

John W Lloyd, David E Wild, Humphry R Evatt: Cryosurgical probe. Spembly, John W Lloyd, Shapiro and Shapiro, June 17, 1980: US04207897 (312 worldwide citation)

A cryosurgical probe is adapted for the freezing of a nerve and is fitted with an electrode at its tip for electrical stimulation of the nerve, to enable the surgeon to know when the probe tip has been correctly placed in proximity to a particular nerve which it is desired to freeze.

Toshio Matsuura, Kyoichi Suwa, Hisayuki Shimizu, Akikazu Tanimoto: Exposure apparatus for production of integrated circuit. Nippon Kogaku, Shapiro and Shapiro, August 14, 1984: US04465368 (269 worldwide citation)

An exposure apparatus for production of ICs of the type that includes a stage on which is placed a semiconductor wafer to be exposed by illumination light projecting means, and means for two-dimensionally moving the stage within a plane intersecting the illumination light at substantially right angl ...

Susumu Mori, Tsuyoshi Naraki: Scanning light exposure apparatus. Nikon Corporation, Shapiro and Shapiro, November 26, 1996: US05579147 (239 worldwide citation)

A scanning light exposure apparatus comprises illumination optical systems for radiating light beams to a plurality of sub-areas in a pattern area of a mask, a plurality of projection optical systems arranged along a predetermined direction for projecting erected images of unity magnification of the ...

Kenji Nishi: Projection exposure apparatus having an off-axis alignment system and method of alignment therefor. Nikon Corporation, Shapiro and Shapiro, September 7, 1993: US05243195 (235 worldwide citation)

An exposure apparatus for exposing mask patterns on a sensitive plate comprises a set (for X and Y direction) of a laser interferometer for measuring a position of a wafer stage and satisfying Abbe's condition with respect to a projection lens and a set (for X and Y direction) of the laser interfero ...

Hideki Koitabashi, Masamitsu Yanagihara, Junji Hazama: Method of detecting positions. Nikon Corporation, Shapiro and Shapiro, March 19, 1996: US05500736 (231 worldwide citation)

A position detecting method detects each position of a photosensitive substrate when executing shots of circuit patterns so that the circuit patterns are further superposed on the photosensitive substrate already formed with the circuit patterns. The method comprises the steps of performing a shot o ...

Takashi Imanishi, Hisashi Machida: Dual cavity toroidal type continuously variable transmission. NSK, Shapiro and Shapiro, July 29, 1997: US05651750 (189 worldwide citation)

A toroidal type continuously variable transmission is arranged to support one disc on the input side, facing a pressure device, on the outer circumference of an input shaft through a needle bearing. The other disc on the input side is supported on the input shaft by means of a spline coupling and a ...

Blair Evans: Method of and apparatus for sensing the location, such as coordinates, of designated points on an electrically sensitive touch-screen surface. Microtouch Systems, Rines and Rines Shapiro and Shapiro, February 21, 1989: US04806709 (183 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus are disclosed for determining the location of a designated point on an electrically sensitive touch-screen surface while minimizing aberrations introduced by non-uniformity in the field applied to the surface, by attaching a plurality of field-producing discrete point electrod ...

John Barrus, Krisztina Holly, Michael Cassidy: Apparatus for ordering from remote locations. Rines and Rines Shapiro and Shapiro, November 7, 1995: US05465291 (182 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to an improved interactive store or other central location-remote telephone home, office or other user telephone terminal system and technique for enabling users to order items from the central location with the aid of machine-readable apparatus at the user terminal, pr ...