1
Chung Chiun Liu: Apparatus and method for sensing species, substances and substrates using oxidase. Case Western Reserve University, Renner Otto Boisselle & Lyon, April 7, 1987: US04655880 (553 worldwide citation)

A sensor apparatus is disclosed for sensing substances, species, substrates, etc. using oxidase. The apparatus includes a pair of potentiostat operating electrode systems. In one embodiment each electrode system includes respective working, counter and reference electrodes, and in another embodiment ...


2
Chung Chiun Liu, Vasilios A Karagounis: Apparatus for electrochemical measurements. Case Western Reserve University, Renner Otto Boisselle & Lyon, February 18, 1986: US04571292 (500 worldwide citation)

A sensor for an electrochemically active species, such as oxygen, uses more than two electrodes, namely, at least a working electrode, counter electrode and reference electrode. The sensor preferably is substantially planar, is made using thick film or thin film technique and accordingly may be very ...


3
James R Bell Jr: Encapsulated liquid crystal and filler material. Manchester R & D Partnership, Renner Otto Boisselle & Lyon, February 17, 1987: US04643528 (116 worldwide citation)

A liquid crystal apparatus includes a plurality of volumes of liquid crystal material in a containment medium. At least some of the volumes also have a filler or spacer material therein. Some volumes may be interconnected. The walls defining the volumes and the wall of the spacer tend to distort the ...


4
James L Fergason: Encapsulated liquid crystal material, apparatus and method. Manchester R & D Partnership, Renner Otto Boisselle & Lyon, November 17, 1987: US04707080 (108 worldwide citation)

A liquid crystal apparatus includes a plurality of volumes of liquid crystal material in a containment medium. At least some of the volumes are interconnected. The walls defining the volumes tend to distort the natural liquid crystal structure in the absence of an electric field, and the optical and ...


5
James L Fergason: Liquid crystal projector and method. Manchester R & D Partnership, Renner Otto Boisselle & Lyon, September 23, 1986: US04613207 (108 worldwide citation)

A liquid crystal image forming projector includes a liquid crystal display selectively operable for affecting light incident thereon, and an optical device for selectively projecting light affected or not affected by the liquid crystal display. The liquid crystal display, for example, selectively tr ...


6
James L Fergason: Low birefringence encapsulated liquid crystal and optical shutter using same. Manchester R & D Partnership, Renner Otto Boisselle & Lyon, December 3, 1985: US04556289 (90 worldwide citation)

Briefly, a liquid crystal material composition has a low, preferably zero or near zero, birefringence characteristic. Such material is mixed with a quantity of pleochroic dye to form a solution therewith to increase absorption characteristics and is encapsulated; and such encapsulated material may b ...


7
John E Hartman, John T Venaleck: Surface mount compatible connector system with mechanical integrity. Associated Enterprises, Renner Otto Boisselle & Lyon, February 10, 1987: US04641426 (77 worldwide citation)

An electrical component for mechanical mounting and electrical connection with respect to plated through holes of a printed circuit board compatibly with a surface mount attaching process includes an electrically non-conducting body, plural generally elongate contacts extending from the body for ins ...


8
James L Fergason: Encapsulated liquid crystal and method. Manchester R & D Partnership, Renner Otto Boisselle & Lyon, October 14, 1986: US04616903 (75 worldwide citation)

Briefly, according to one aspect of the invention, liquid crystal material, and especially nematic material, is encapsulated; according to another aspect the encapsulated liquid crystal material is used in liquid crystal devices, such as relatively large size visual display devices; and according to ...


9
Donald A Draudt, Dale A Draudt: Swivel hose couplings. Renner Otto Boisselle & Lyon, December 2, 1986: US04625998 (70 worldwide citation)

In one form of the invention, the swivel hose couplings include two parts, a swivel insert which may be threaded or otherwise attached to the end of the hose, and a swivel hose end piece which has an internal groove therein in which an exterior portion of the swivel is rotatably received. A sealing ...


10
James L Fergason: Colored encapsulated liquid crystal apparatus using enhanced scattering. Manchester R & D Partnership, Renner Otto Boisselle & Lyon, June 24, 1986: US04596445 (68 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to use of liquid crystal material encapsulated in a containment medium to produce a controlled colored output, for example, in response to the application, removal and variation in an electric field. In one embodiment a non-pleochroic dye is in the containment medium it ...