1
Robert E Fischell: Implantable, programmable medication infusion system. The Johns Hopkins University, Robert E Archibald, Marc A Block, Samuel L Sachs, February 15, 1983: US04373527 (691 worldwide citation)

An implantable programmable medication infusion system comprises an implantable portion (2) having a medication reservoir (10) at below body pressure and isolated at its input from the body in which it is implanted by an antechamber (8) the pressure integrity of which is checked before filling the m ...


2
Lalit R Bahl, Peter V deSouza, Steven V DeGennaro, Robert L Mercer: Speech recognition system. International Business Machines, Marc A Block, January 5, 1988: US04718094 (179 worldwide citation)

Speech words are recognized by first recognizing each spectral vector identified by a label (feneme), then identifying the word by matching the string of labels against phones using simplified phone machines based on label and transition probabilities and Merkov chains. In one embodiment, a detailed ...


3
Lalit R Bahl, Peter V DeSouza, Robert L Mercer, Michael A Picheny: Constructing Markov model word baseforms from multiple utterances by concatenating model sequences for word segments. International Business Machines Corporation, Marc A Block, April 4, 1989: US04819271 (159 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to apparatus and method for segmenting multiple utterances of a vocabulary word in a consistent and coherent manner and determining a Markov model sequence for each segment. A fenemic Markov model corresponds to each label.


4
Lalit R Bahl, Peter V DeSouza, Robert L Mercer, Michael A Picheny: Automatic generation of simple Markov model stunted baseforms for words in a vocabulary. International Business Machines Corporation, Marc A Block, Marc D Schechter, May 23, 1989: US04833712 (144 worldwide citation)

In a system that (i) defines each word in a vocabulary by a fenemic baseform of fenemic phones, (ii) defines an alphabet of composite phones each of which corresponds to at least one fenemic phone, and (iii) generates a string of fenemes in response to speech input, the method provides for convertin ...


5
John M Prager: Method and apparatus for intelligent help that matches the semantic similarity of the inferred intent of query or command to a best-fit predefined command intent. International Business Machines Corporation, Marc A Block, Philip R Wadsworth, Douglas R McKechnie, October 19, 1993: US05255386 (127 worldwide citation)

A data processing system which suggests a valid command to a user when the user enters a question or an erroneous command. The purposes of the various commands executable by the system are stored as a plurality of intents. When the user enters a question or an erroneous command, the system looks up ...


6
Robert E Strom, Shaula Yemini: Optimistic recovery in a distributed processing system. International Business Machines Corporation, Marc A Block, May 12, 1987: US04665520 (121 worldwide citation)

In a distributed system whose state space is partitioned into recovery units, wherein recovery units communicate by the exchange of messages and wherein a message received by a recovery unit may causally depend on other recovery units having received prior messages, a method of recovering from failu ...


7
Cesar A Gonzales, Joan L Mitchell, William B Pennebaker: Adaptive graylevel image compression system. International Business Machines Corporation, Marc A Block, February 16, 1988: US04725885 (91 worldwide citation)

Apparatus and method for modelling differential pulse code modulation (DPCM) input data for entropy coding. In particular, the sign and magnitude of one piece of DPCM data after another are modelled to provide a magnitude state input and a sign state input to provide context for DPCM magnitude input ...


8
Joan L Mitchell, William B Pennebaker: Arithmetic coding data compression/de-compression by selectively employed, diverse arithmetic coding encoders and decoders. International Business Machines Corporation, Marc A Block, Thomas P Dowd, January 2, 1990: US04891643 (90 worldwide citation)

A data compression/de-compression system includes a first arithmetic coding encoder, characterized by a first set of encoding conventions, which encoder generates a code stream that points to an interval along a number line in response to decision event inputs. The code stream can be adjusted to poi ...


9
Lalit R Bahl, Paul S Cohen, Robert L Mercer: Speech recognition system with efficient storage and rapid assembly of phonological graphs. International Business Machines Corporation, Marc A Block, Marc D Schechter, December 25, 1990: US04980918 (60 worldwide citation)

A continuous speech recognition system having a speech processor and a word recognition computer subsystem, characterized by an element for developing a graph for confluent links between confluent nodes; an element for developing a graph of boundary links between adjacent words; an element for stori ...


10
Lalit R Bahl, Robert L Mercer, David Nahamoo: Rapidly training a speech recognizer to a subsequent speaker given training data of a reference speaker. International Business Machines Corporation, Marc A Block, March 28, 1989: US04817156 (58 worldwide citation)

Apparatus and method for training the statistics of a Markov Model speech recognizer to a subsequent speaker who utters part of a training text after the recognizer has been trained for the statistics of a reference speaker who utters a full training text. Where labels generated by an acoustic proce ...