1
Tadanobu Iwasa, Shinji Takano: Fluorescent tube with light emitting diodes. Toyoda Gosei, McGinn & Gibb PLLC, June 24, 2003: US06583550 (186 worldwide citation)

A fluorescent tube is constituted by a fluorescent tubular body having a transparent glass tube coated with a fluorescent layer containing a fluorescent material on its inner surface, and an ultraviolet LED substrate inserted in the fluorescent tubular body and having an equal length to the fluoresc ...


2
Akihiko Suzuki, Makoto Tamaki, Osamu Yamanaka, Tadanobu Iwasa, Hiroshi Ito: Information indicator for vehicle. Toyoda Gosei, Pillsbury Madison & Sutro, June 6, 2000: US06072391 (169 worldwide citation)

An information indicating device having an LED and a light transmitting structure is disposed within a line of sight of a vehicle operator so as to transmit light from the LED to the vehicle while the operator is driving the vehicle. A distance sensor measures a distance between a vehicle body and a ...


3
Makoto Tamaki, Takahiro Kozawa: Gallium nitride-based compound semiconductor light-emitting device and method for making the same. Toyoda Gosei, Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Cushman Darby & Cushman, November 29, 1994: US05369289 (169 worldwide citation)

A light-emitting device comprises an n-type layer made of an n-type gallium nitride-based compound of the formula Al.sub.x Ga.sub.1-x N, wherein 0.ltoreq.X<1, and an i-type layer formed on the n-type layer and made of a semi-insulating i-type gallium nitride-based compound semiconductor and doped wi ...


4
Nobuo Okazaki, Katsuhide Manabe, Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano: Gallium nitride group compound semiconductor laser diode. Toyoda Gosei, Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano, Cushman Darby & Cushman, September 21, 1993: US05247533 (160 worldwide citation)

A gallium nitride group compound semiconductor laser diode includes at least one pn junction layer disposed between an n-type layer and a p-type layer. The n-type layer is formed from a gallium nitride group compound semiconductor material defined by the composition equation (Al.sub.x Ga.sub.1-x).su ...


5
Katsuhide Manabe, Nobuo Okazaki, Isamu Akazaki, Kazumasa Hiramatsu, Hiroshi Amano: Process of vapor growth of gallium nitride and its apparatus. Toyoda Gosei, Nagoya University, Cushman Darby & Cushman, March 27, 1990: US04911102 (149 worldwide citation)

A process and apparatus, whereby in the process of vapor growth of a gallium nitride group semiconductor (Al.sub.x Ga.sub.1-x N; inclusive of x=0) thin film using an organometallic compound gas, a reactant gas which grows Al.sub.x Ga.sub.1-x N and a reactant gas containing a doping element are separ ...


6
Tadaoki Ichikawa, Toshinori Takahashi, Mitsuhiro Nawashiro, Norihito Kino, Hiroshi Ito: Indication system of meter part. Toyoda Gosei, McGinn IP Law Group PLLC, January 31, 2006: US06990922 (142 worldwide citation)

This invention is to offer an indication system and method of a meter part having excellent visibility and designing property. Alight is irradiated from the first light source toward the indicating panel from the side of the indicating face for making the background part of the indicating panel lumi ...


7
Junichi Mizutani, Yuji Takahashi, Hideyuki Naganawa: Integrated light-emitting diode lamp and method of producing the same. Toyoda Gosei, Cushman Darby & Cushman IP Group of Pillsbury Madison & Sutro, September 15, 1998: US05808592 (142 worldwide citation)

The invention involves an integrated LED lamp (1) whose hood (3) for shielding sun light is detachable and adjustable according to its necessity. Even after the hood is attached to the lamp case, its length is easily altered. A waterproof structure, which is provided by fixing an LED substrate (2) t ...


8
Osamu Yamanaka, Hiroshi Sugihara, Minoru Shibata, Shuichi Koyama, Masahiro Ono: Interior illuminating apparatus for vehicle. Toyoda Gosei, McGinn & Gibb PLLC, March 29, 2005: US06871986 (139 worldwide citation)

An interior illuminating apparatus for a vehicle includes an interior rear-view minor which is connected and fixed to an interior ceiling of the vehicle for observing the rear. An LED is provided in a vicinity of the interior rear-view mirror at a forward position in a traveling direction of the veh ...


9
Katsuhide Manabe, Masahiro Kotaki, Makoto Tamaki, Masafumi Hashimoto: Light-emitting device of gallium nitride compound semiconductor. Toyoda Gosei, Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Cushman Darby & Cushman, April 18, 1995: US05408120 (131 worldwide citation)

A light-emitting diode of GaN compound semiconductor emits a blue light from a plane rather than dots for improved luminous intensity. This diode includes a first electrode associated with a high-carrier density n.sup.+ layer and a second electrode associated with a high-impurity density i.sub.H -la ...


10
Tetsuya Takeuchi, Hiroshi Amano, Isamu Akasaki, Atsushi Watanabe, Katsuhide Manabe: Method of fabricating a gallium nitride based semiconductor device with an aluminum and nitrogen containing intermediate layer. Hiroshi Amano, Isamu Akasaki, Pioneer Electronic Corporation, Toyoda Gosei, Sughrue Mion Zinn Macpeak & Seas, February 14, 1995: US05389571 (125 worldwide citation)

Disclosed are a gallium nitride type semiconductor device that has a single crystal of (Ga.sub.1-x Al.sub.x).sub.1-y In.sub.y N, which suppresses the occurrence of crystal defects and thus has very high crystallization and considerably excellent flatness, and a method of fabricating the same. The ga ...



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