1
Juergen Andrew Kortenbach: Symbiosis Corporation, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner, July 11, 2000: US06086600 (679 worldwide citation)

An endoscopic surgical instrument includes a flexible tube, a grasping and fastening end effector coupled to the distal end of the tube, and a manual actuator coupled to the proximal end of the tube. The manual actuator is coupled to the end effector by a plurality of flexible cables which extend th ...


2
Kevin F Hahnen, Gustavo Aguirre, Peter Kratsch: Arthroscopic surgical instruments. Symbiosis Corporation, David P Gordon, February 14, 1995: US05389104 (445 worldwide citation)

An arthroscopic surgical instrument includes a hollow tube with an actuator coupled to its proximal end and an end effector coupled to its distal end. The actuator and the end effector are coupled by a cylindrical push rod which passes through the hollow tube. The push rod includes a frangible link ...


3
Juergen A Kortenbach, Michael S McBrayer, Charles R Slater, Saul Gottlieb: Double acting endoscopic scissors with bipolar cautery capability. Symbiosis Corporation, David P Gordon, October 29, 1996: US05569243 (372 worldwide citation)

A double acting bipolar endoscopic scissors includes a hollow tube with an integral clevis and a bipolar push rod extending therethrough. The tube is rotatably mounted in a handle member which is provided with a manual actuation lever. The bipolar push rod includes a pair of spaced apart rods which ...


4
Kevin W Smith, Juergen A Kortenbach, Charles R Slater, Anthony I Mazzeo, Theodore C Slack Jr, Thomas O Bales: Endoscopic robotic surgical tools and methods. Symbiosis Corporation, David P Gordon, April 29, 1997: US05624398 (345 worldwide citation)

The methods and devices of the invention include an encoder, an endoscopic robotic instrument, and an encoder/robotic instrument interface. A preferred embodiment of the encoder has a chest/shoulder plate provided with telescoping tubes and joints. Each joint is provided with a direct drive potentio ...


5
Charles R Slater, Matthew A Palmer, Peter Kratsch: Endoscopic end effectors constructed from a combination of conductive and non-conductive materials and useful for selective endoscopic cautery. Symbiosis Corporation, David P Gordon, March 14, 1995: US05396900 (342 worldwide citation)

A non-metallic end effector for use in an endoscopic surgical tool includes a metallic core for strength and for providing a selected electrode surface on the end effector. Selectively conductive end effectors are manufactured by insert molding a plastic or ceramic or other non-conductive body aroun ...


6
Michael Sean McBrayer, Juergen Andrew Kortenbach: Bipolar endoscopic surgical scissor blades and instrument incorporating the same. Symbiosis Corporation, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner L, July 14, 1998: US05779701 (325 worldwide citation)

Endoscopic bipolar scissor blades are formed in a laminate assembly of an outer electrically conductive layer, an intermediate electrically insulating layer, and an inner face layer which is a coating of titanium dioxide, chromium dioxide, or zirconium dioxide. In one embodiment, the conductive laye ...


7
Thomas O Bales, Gregory J Murphy, Frank A Scarfone, Charles R Slater, Kevin W Smith: Endoscopic surgical instruments having rotatable end effectors. Symbiosis Corporation, David P Gordon, December 29, 1992: US05174300 (324 worldwide citation)

Medical instruments are provided having end effectors and end effector actuator apparatus which are rotatable relative to the end effectors. The instruments generally include a tube which is typically coupled to the end effectors via a clevis around which the end effectors pivot, a push rod extendin ...


8
Juergen Andrew Kortenbach: Hermaphroditic stamped forceps jaw for disposable endoscopic biopsy forceps and method of making the same. Symbiosis Corporation, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett and Dunner L, January 13, 1998: US05707392 (315 worldwide citation)

Hermaphroditic biopsy forceps jaws for use in an endoscopic biopsy forceps instrument are made from a flat sheet of stainless steel or other suitable material which is stamped and then progressively formed into a jaw cup having a tang. According to the presently preferred embodiment of the invention ...


9
Dana W Ryan, Charles R Slater, Matthew S Solar, David Turkel: Tubing for endoscopic electrosurgical suction-irrigation instrument. Symbiosis Corporation, David P Gordon, August 9, 1994: US05336220 (308 worldwide citation)

Various embodiments of flexible plastic tubing are disclosed for connection to an endoscopic instrument having suction, irrigation and electrocautery capabilities, with the electrocautery capability requiring connection to an electrical wire. Generally, the tubing is an integral, extruded flexible p ...


10
Kevin W Smith, Matthew A Palmer, Sergio Rodriguez, John R Whittier, Anthony Mazzeo: Remotely activated endoscopic tools such as endoscopic biopsy forceps. Symbiosis Corporation, David P Gordon, July 11, 1995: US05431645 (286 worldwide citation)

Remote control actuators for endoscopic tools are provided. Each remote control actuator includes a driver, a coupler which couple the endoscopic tool to the driver, a power source which power the driver, and a controller coupled to the power source and/or the driver for controlling the power applie ...