1
David A Simon, Kurt R Smith, Kevin T Foley: Navigational guidance via computer-assisted fluoroscopic imaging. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, October 22, 2002: US06470207 (406 worldwide citation)

Digital x-ray images taken before a surgical procedure by a fluoroscopic C-arm imager are displayed by a computer and overlaid with graphical representations of instruments be used in the operating room. The graphical representations are updated in real-time to correspond to movement of the instrume ...


2
Mark W Hunter, Paul Kessman: Registration of human anatomy integrated for electromagnetic localization. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, April 30, 2002: US06381485 (357 worldwide citation)

A method for use during a procedure on a body. The method generates a display representing relative positions of two structure during the procedure. The method includes the steps of storing an image data set in memory, the image data set representing the position of the body based on scans taken of ...


3
Richard D Bucholz, Kevin T Foley, Kurt R Smith, Daniel Bass, Thomas Wiedenmaier, Todd Pope, Udo Wiedenmaier: Surgical navigation systems including reference and localization frames. Surgical Navigation Technologies, St Louis University, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner L, May 22, 2001: US06236875 (345 worldwide citation)

A system for use during a medical or surgical procedure on a body. The system generates an image representing the position one or more body elements during the procedure using scans generated by a scanner prior or during the procedure. The image data set has reference points for each of the body ele ...


4
Tony Melkent, Kevin T Foley, Bradley T Estes, Joseph Chaudoin: Image guided spinal surgery guide, system, and method for use thereof. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, February 19, 2002: US06348058 (313 worldwide citation)

A guide is disclosed for use in performing spinal surgery to prepare across a spinal disc and adjacent vertebrae an implantation space. The guide is associated with a computer controlled surgical navigation system employing an energy-detecting array to track positions of the guide in three dimension ...


5
Kevin T Foley, John B Clayton, Anthony Melkent, Michael Sherman: Percutaneous registration apparatus and method for use in computer-assisted surgical navigation. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner L, May 1, 2001: US06226548 (294 worldwide citation)

An apparatus and procedures for percutaneous placement of surgical implants and instruments such as, for example, screws, rods, wires and plates into various body parts using image guided surgery. The invention includes an apparatus for use with a surgical navigation system, an attaching device rigi ...


6
Mark W Hunter, Paul Kessman, Brad Jascob: Surgical communication and power system. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, November 5, 2002: US06474341 (289 worldwide citation)

An apparatus for determining the position of a wireless catheter probe being used during a surgical procedure. Magnetic fields are projected into an anatomical body to induce voltage signals in a sensing coil that are sufficient to describe the position of a wireless sensor/transmitter. The voltage ...


7
Anthony J Melkent, David M Kahler: Multiple cannula image guided tool for image guided procedures. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, April 20, 2004: US06725080 (282 worldwide citation)

Apparatus and methods are disclosed for use within an image-guided surgical navigation system for facilitating the combined positioning and orientation of multiple surgical implements. A tool guide having multiple cannulas is tracked by a surgical navigation system in real time. Position data of the ...


8
John B Clayton, Mark W Hunter, David Lightman, Thomas J Mickel: Medical instrument and method for use with computer-assisted image guided surgery. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, August 13, 2002: US06434507 (236 worldwide citation)

An apparatus is disclosed for use with a surgical navigation system. The apparatus comprises a tool body and tool attachment onto which emitters are fixedly mounted. At least one tool tip is removably coupled with the tool body. An electrical sensor is positioned to be operated when the tool tip is ...


9
Jaimie Henderson, Richard D Bucholz, Kurt R Smith, Kevin J Frank, John B Clayton, Catalina J Carroll, Phillip T Ulberg: Instrument guidance method and system for image guided surgery. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, December 10, 2002: US06491699 (218 worldwide citation)

Generally, the present invention is directed to a method and system for a aligning surgical guide instrument over a burr hole in a patient's body. More particularly, the present invention is directed to a stand-alone instrument guidance unit that is attachable to a patient's skull. Adjustm ...


10
Laurent Verard, Paul Kessman, Mark Hunter: Method and apparatus for virtual endoscopy. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, May 10, 2005: US06892090 (212 worldwide citation)

A surgical instrument navigation system is provided that visually simulates a virtual volumetric scene of a body cavity of a patient from a point of view of a surgical instrument residing in the cavity of the patient. The surgical instrument navigation system includes: a surgical instrument; an imag ...