1
Edward V Thomas, Mark R Robinson, David M Haaland, Mary K Alam: Reliable noninvasive measurement of blood gases. Sandia Corporation, DeWitt M Morgan, October 18, 1994: US05355880 (396 worldwide citation)

Methods and apparatus for, preferably, determining noninvasively and in vivo at least two of the five blood gas parameters (i.e., pH, PCO.sub.2, [HCO.sub.3.sup.- ], PO.sub.2, and O.sub.2 sat.) in a human. The non-invasive method includes the steps of: generating light at three or more different wave ...


2
James G Fleming: Bistable microelectromechanical actuator. Sandia Corporation, John P Hohimer, February 2, 1999: US05867302 (391 worldwide citation)

A bistable microelectromechanical (MEM) actuator is formed on a substrate and includes a stressed membrane of generally rectangular shape that upon release assumes a curvilinear cross-sectional shape due to attachment at a midpoint to a resilient member and at opposing edges to a pair of elongate su ...


3
Edward V Thomas, Mark R Robinson, David M Haaland, Mary K Alam: Reliable noninvasive measurement of blood gases. Sandia Corporation, DeWitt M Morgan Esq, May 20, 1997: US05630413 (309 worldwide citation)

This invention relates to methods and apparatus for, preferably, determining non-invasively and in vivo at least two of the five blood gas parameters (i.e., pH, [HCO.sub.3.sup.- ], PCO.sub.2, PO.sub.2, and O.sub.2 sat.) in a human.


4
Mark R Robinson, David M Haaland, Kenneth J Ward: Oximeter for reliable clinical determination of blood oxygen saturation in a fetus. Sandia Corporation, DeWitt M Morgan, February 27, 1996: US05494032 (302 worldwide citation)

With the crude instrumentation now in use to continuously monitor the status of the fetus at delivery, the obstetrician and labor room staff not only over-recognize the possibility of fetal distress with the resultant rise in operative deliveries, but at times do not identify fetal distress which ma ...


5
Rajen Chanchani: Heterogeneously integrated microsystem-on-a-chip. Sandia Corporation, Kevin W Bieg, February 26, 2008: US07335972 (272 worldwide citation)

A microsystem-on-a-chip comprises a bottom wafer of normal thickness and a series of thinned wafers can be stacked on the bottom wafer, glued and electrically interconnected. The interconnection layer comprises a compliant dielectric material, an interconnect structure, and can include embedded pass ...


6
Paul L Gourley: Resonant-cavity apparatus for cytometry or particle analysis. Sandia Corporation, John P Hohimer, August 11, 1998: US05793485 (207 worldwide citation)

A resonant-cavity apparatus for cytometry or particle analysis. The apparatus comprises a resonant optical cavity having an analysis region within the cavity for containing one or more biological cells or dielectric particles to be analyzed. In the presence of a cell or particle, a light beam in the ...


7
David W Palmer, Richard A Gassman, Dahwey Chu: Silicon ball grid array chip carrier. Sandia Corporation, April 18, 2000: US06052287 (195 worldwide citation)

A ball-grid-array integrated circuit (IC) chip carrier formed from a silicon substrate is disclosed. The silicon ball-grid-array chip carrier is of particular use with ICs having peripheral bond pads which can be reconfigured to a ball-grid-array. The use of a semiconductor substrate such as silicon ...


8
Lothar F Bieg, Bernhard Jokiel Jr, Mark T Ensz, Robert D Watson: Highly accurate articulated coordinate measuring machine. Sandia Corporation, Robert D Watson, December 30, 2003: US06668466 (187 worldwide citation)

Disclosed is a highly accurate articulated coordinate measuring machine, comprising a revolute joint, comprising a circular encoder wheel, having an axis of rotation; a plurality of marks disposed around at least a portion of the circumference of the encoder wheel; bearing means for supporting the e ...


9
Albert G Baca, Timothy J Drummond, Perry J Robertson, Thomas E Zipperian: Complementary junction heterostructure field-effect transistor. Sandia Corporation, John Hohimer, Gregory A Cone, December 26, 1995: US05479033 (185 worldwide citation)

A complimentary pair of compound semiconductor junction heterostructure field-effect transistors and a method for their manufacture are disclosed. The p-channel junction heterostructure field-effect transistor uses a strained layer to split the degeneracy of the valence band for a greatly improved h ...


10
Raymond H Byrne, John J Harrington, Steven E Eskridge, John E Hurtado: Cooperating mobile robots. Sandia Corporation, Suzanne L K Rountree, Fred A Lewis, February 3, 2004: US06687571 (179 worldwide citation)

A miniature mobile robot provides a relatively inexpensive mobile robot. A mobile robot for searching an area provides a way for multiple mobile robots in cooperating teams. A robotic system with a team of mobile robots communicating information among each other provides a way to locate a source in ...