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Mary I Frecker, Randy S Haluck, Ryan P Dziedzic, Jeremy R Schadler: Multifunctional tool and method for minimally invasive surgery. The Penn State Research Foundation, McKee Voorhees & Sease, April 24, 2007: US07208005 (387 worldwide citation)

An apparatus and method for minimally invasive surgery. The apparatus can comprise a tool which includes a multi-functioning end effector for insertion into a patient, a user control adapted for use by the surgeon external of the patient, and an intermediate section between the end effector and the ...


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Justin Hanes, David A Edwards, Carmen Evora, Robert Langer: Particles incorporating surfactants for pulmonary drug delivery. Massachusetts Instite of Technology, The Penn State Research Foundation, Arnall Golden & Gregory, January 5, 1999: US05855913 (318 worldwide citation)

Aerodynamically light particles incorporating a surfactant on the surface thereof for drug delivery to the pulmonary system, and methods for their synthesis and administration are provided. In a preferred embodiment, the aerodynamically light particles are made of a biodegradable material and have a ...


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Stephen J Fonash, Gang Liu: Low temperature crystallization and patterning of amorphous silicon films on electrically insulating substrates. The Penn State Research Foundation, Thomas J Monahan, January 4, 1994: US05275851 (305 worldwide citation)

A fabrication process polycrystalline silicon thin film transistors commences with the deposition of an ultra-thin nucleating-site forming layer onto the surface of an insulating substrate (e.g., 7059 glass). Next, an amorphous silicon film is deposited thereover and the combined films are annealed ...


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Randy S Haluck: Laparoscopic surgical instrument and method. The Penn State Research Foundation, McKee Voorhees & Sease, February 3, 2004: US06685724 (263 worldwide citation)

A surgical instrument is provided for use in performing endoscopic procedures having a handle and an elongate tubular member having a proximal end coupled with the handle for being disposed externally of the anatomical cavity and a distal end for being disposed within the anatomical cavity. The dist ...


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David A Edwards, Giovanni Caponetti, Jeffrey S Hrkach, Noah Lotan, Justin Hanes, Abdell Aziz Ben Jebria, Robert S Langer: Aerodynamically light particles for pulmonary drug delivery. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The Penn State Research Foundation, Arnall Golden & Gregory, February 23, 1999: US05874064 (257 worldwide citation)

Improved aerodynamically light particles for drug delivery to the pulmonary system, and methods for their synthesis and administration are provided. In a preferred embodiment, the aerodynamically light particles are made of a biodegradable material and have a tap density less than 0.4 g/cm.sup.3 and ...


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Donald A Streit, Brian J Gilmore, Min Lu, Michael A Pusateri: Map-matching navigation system. The Penn State Research Foundation, Thomas J Monahan, June 30, 1998: US05774824 (186 worldwide citation)

A map matching navigation system for monitoring vehicle state characteristics including the location of a vehicle on a map route. The map matching navigation system may operate in a fixed mode wherein the map route is inputted by a user or a flexible mode wherein the map matching navigation system d ...


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Robert W Grant, Jerzy Ruzyllo, Kevin Torek: Controlled etching of oxides via gas phase reactions. Penn State Research Foundation, Cobrin Gittes & Samuel, August 8, 1995: US05439553 (167 worldwide citation)

Oxides are etched with a halide-containing species and a low molecular weight organic molecule having a high vapor pressure at standard conditions, where etching is performed at preset wafer temperature in an enclosed chamber at a pressure such that all species present in the chamber, including wate ...


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Mahlon Denton Dennis: Method and apparatus for fabrication of cobalt alloy composite inserts. Penn State Research Foundation, Dennis Tool Company, Gunn & Associates P C, May 16, 2000: US06063333 (158 worldwide citation)

This disclosure features a process of making a two part drill bit insert, namely, a body portion of hard particles such as tungsten carbide particles mixed in an alloy binding the particles. The alloy preferably comprises 6% cobalt with amounts up to about 10% permitted. The body is sintered into a ...


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David A Edwards, Giovanni Caponetti, Jeffrey S Hrkach, Noah Lotan, Justin Hanes, Abdell Aziz Ben Jebria, Robert S Langer: Aerodynamically light particles for pulmonary drug delivery. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Penn State Research Foundation, Hamilton Brook Smith & Reynolds P C, October 24, 2000: US06136295 (153 worldwide citation)

Improved aerodynamically light particles for drug delivery to the pulmonary system, and methods for their synthesis and administration are provided. In a preferred embodiment, the aerodynamically light particles are made of a biodegradable material and have a tap density less than 0.4 g/cm.sup.3 and ...