1
David A Simon, Kurt R Smith, Kevin T Foley: Navigational guidance via computer-assisted fluoroscopic imaging. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, October 22, 2002: US06470207 (392 worldwide citation)

Digital x-ray images taken before a surgical procedure by a fluoroscopic C-arm imager are displayed by a computer and overlaid with graphical representations of instruments be used in the operating room. The graphical representations are updated in real-time to correspond to movement of the instrume ...


2
Mark W Hunter, Paul Kessman: Registration of human anatomy integrated for electromagnetic localization. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, April 30, 2002: US06381485 (344 worldwide citation)

A method for use during a procedure on a body. The method generates a display representing relative positions of two structure during the procedure. The method includes the steps of storing an image data set in memory, the image data set representing the position of the body based on scans taken of ...


3
Richard D Bucholz, Kevin T Foley, Kurt R Smith, Daniel Bass, Thomas Wiedenmaier, Todd Pope, Udo Wiedenmaier: Surgical navigation systems including reference and localization frames. Surgical Navigation Technologies, St Louis University, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner L, May 22, 2001: US06236875 (334 worldwide citation)

A system for use during a medical or surgical procedure on a body. The system generates an image representing the position one or more body elements during the procedure using scans generated by a scanner prior or during the procedure. The image data set has reference points for each of the body ele ...


4
Tony Melkent, Kevin T Foley, Bradley T Estes, Joseph Chaudoin: Image guided spinal surgery guide, system, and method for use thereof. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, February 19, 2002: US06348058 (304 worldwide citation)

A guide is disclosed for use in performing spinal surgery to prepare across a spinal disc and adjacent vertebrae an implantation space. The guide is associated with a computer controlled surgical navigation system employing an energy-detecting array to track positions of the guide in three dimension ...


5
Kevin T Foley, John B Clayton, Anthony Melkent, Michael Sherman: Percutaneous registration apparatus and method for use in computer-assisted surgical navigation. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner L, May 1, 2001: US06226548 (281 worldwide citation)

An apparatus and procedures for percutaneous placement of surgical implants and instruments such as, for example, screws, rods, wires and plates into various body parts using image guided surgery. The invention includes an apparatus for use with a surgical navigation system, an attaching device rigi ...


6
Mark W Hunter, Paul Kessman, Brad Jascob: Surgical communication and power system. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, November 5, 2002: US06474341 (281 worldwide citation)

An apparatus for determining the position of a wireless catheter probe being used during a surgical procedure. Magnetic fields are projected into an anatomical body to induce voltage signals in a sensing coil that are sufficient to describe the position of a wireless sensor/transmitter. The voltage ...


7
Anthony J Melkent, David M Kahler: Multiple cannula image guided tool for image guided procedures. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, April 20, 2004: US06725080 (275 worldwide citation)

Apparatus and methods are disclosed for use within an image-guided surgical navigation system for facilitating the combined positioning and orientation of multiple surgical implements. A tool guide having multiple cannulas is tracked by a surgical navigation system in real time. Position data of the ...


8
Valerie Shuman, Cynthia Paulauskas, T Russell Shields, Richard J Weiland, John C Jasper: Method and system for an in-vehicle computing architecture. Navigation Technologies Corporation, Frank J Kozak, Lawrence M Kaplan, December 12, 2000: US06161071 (273 worldwide citation)

A computing architecture for a motorized land-based vehicle is disclosed. The computing architecture includes a data network comprised of a plurality of interconnected processors, a first group of sensors responsive to environmental conditions around the vehicle, a second group of sensors responsive ...


9
James A Meek: Navigation system remote control unit with data caddy functionality. Navigation Technologies Corporation, Frank J Kozak, Lawrence M Kaplan, January 30, 2001: US06182006 (269 worldwide citation)

An improved remote control unit for an in-vehicle navigation system and methods for use thereof. The improved remote control unit includes a re-writable data storage memory and a data reception interface through which data from an external computing device can be transmitted to the remote control un ...


10
John B Clayton, Mark W Hunter, David Lightman, Thomas J Mickel: Medical instrument and method for use with computer-assisted image guided surgery. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Harness Dickey & Pierce, August 13, 2002: US06434507 (226 worldwide citation)

An apparatus is disclosed for use with a surgical navigation system. The apparatus comprises a tool body and tool attachment onto which emitters are fixedly mounted. At least one tool tip is removably coupled with the tool body. An electrical sensor is positioned to be operated when the tool tip is ...