1
Masahiro Hara, Motoaki Watabe, Tadao Nojiri, Takayuki Nagaya, Yuji Uchiyama: Optically readable two-dimensional code and method and apparatus using the same. Nippondenso, Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Cushman Darby & Cushman IP Group of Pillsbury Madison & Sutro, March 10, 1998: US05726435 (298 worldwide citation)

A two-dimensional code 1 consists of three positioning symbols 2, a data region 3, timing cells 4 and an apex detecting cell 5. The shape of the whole code 1 is a square having the same number of vertical and lateral cells. A scanning line passing through the center of each positioning symbols 2 alw ...


2
Masatoshi Yamada, Yujiro Oshima, Katsuhiko Hattori, Hideyuki Suzuki: Internal combustion engine with auxiliary combustion chamber. Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Oblon Fisher Spivak McClelland & Maier, August 15, 1978: US04106446 (184 worldwide citation)

An internal combustion engine with an auxiliary combustion chamber is provided with a main combustion chamber for the combustion of an air-fuel mixture, an auxiliary combustion chamber communicating with the main combustion chamber through a passage, such that the ignition of an air-fuel mixture in ...


3
Makoto Tamaki, Takahiro Kozawa: Gallium nitride-based compound semiconductor light-emitting device and method for making the same. Toyoda Gosei, Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Cushman Darby & Cushman, November 29, 1994: US05369289 (172 worldwide citation)

A light-emitting device comprises an n-type layer made of an n-type gallium nitride-based compound of the formula Al.sub.x Ga.sub.1-x N, wherein 0.ltoreq.X<1, and an i-type layer formed on the n-type layer and made of a semi-insulating i-type gallium nitride-based compound semiconductor and doped wi ...


4
Arimitsu Usuki, Tadashi Mizutani, Yoshiaki Fukushima, Megumi Fujimoto, Kenzo Fukumori, Yoshitsugu Kojima, Norio Sato, Toshio Kurauchi, Osami Kamigaito: Composite material containing a layered silicate. Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Oblon Spivak McClelland Maier & Neustadt, December 26, 1989: US04889885 (170 worldwide citation)

A composite material comprising a resin other than polyamide resin and a layered silicate dispersed therein, said layered silicate having a layer thickness of 7 to 12 .ANG. and an interlayer distance of 30 .ANG. or above. Owing to the layered silicate uniformly dispersed in the resin matrix, the com ...


5
Masaya Kawasumi, Masao Kohzaki, Yoshitsugu Kojima, Akane Okada, Osami Kamigaito: Process for producing composite material. Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Oblon Fisher Spivak McClelland & Maier, March 7, 1989: US04810734 (147 worldwide citation)

Provided herein is a process for producing a composite material composed of a polymer and the layered silicate constituting the clay mineral being connected to the polymer through ionic bonding. The process comprises contacting a layered clay mineral with a swelling agent in the presence of a disper ...


6
Masakazu Mizuno, Isemi Igarashi, Hazime Inagaki: Catheter tip pressure transducer. Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Blum Kaplan Friedman Silberman & Beran, June 23, 1981: US04274423 (141 worldwide citation)

A catheter tip pressure transducer for detecting the pressure in various portions of a living body accurately and safely comprises a pressure sensor disposed within the end portion of a catheter. The pressure sensor comprises a pressure sensitive diaphragm whereon strain gauges are formed by a diffu ...


7
Katsuhide Manabe, Masahiro Kotaki, Makoto Tamaki, Masafumi Hashimoto: Light-emitting device of gallium nitride compound semiconductor. Toyoda Gosei, Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Cushman Darby & Cushman, April 18, 1995: US05408120 (132 worldwide citation)

A light-emitting diode of GaN compound semiconductor emits a blue light from a plane rather than dots for improved luminous intensity. This diode includes a first electrode associated with a high-carrier density n.sup.+ layer and a second electrode associated with a high-impurity density i.sub.H -la ...


8
Yujiro Oshima, Katsushi Abe, Kazuo Kawahara, Koji Yokota, Hideaki Muraki, Masayuki Fukui: Method and apparatus for reducing nitrogen oxides from internal combustion engine. Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Oblon Spivak McClelland Maier & Neustadt, December 28, 1993: US05272871 (120 worldwide citation)

Hydrogen gas from a hydrogen generator which creates hydrogen gas by the electrolysis of water or water vapor is supplied at the entrance to a catalyzer provided in an exhaust line. The catalyzer performs a catalytic reaction between hydrogen gas and nitrogen oxides to achieve decomposition into nit ...


9
Takeshi Miyajima, Norihito Tokura, Kazukuni Hara, Hiroo Fuma: Silicon carbide semiconductor device with trench. Nippondenso, Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Pillsbury Madison & Sutro, February 1, 2000: US06020600 (119 worldwide citation)

A silicon carbide semiconductor device having a high blocking voltage, low loss, and a low threshold voltage is provided. An n.sup.+ type silicon carbide semiconductor substrate 1, an n.sup.- type silicon carbide semiconductor substrate 2, and a p type silicon carbide semiconductor layer 3 are succe ...


10
Toshihiro Ozasa, Shigeo Suzuki, Keiichi Saji, Haruyoshi Kondo, Hideaki Takahashi: Operation control system for internal combustion engine. Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho, Oblon Spivak McClelland Maier & Neustadt, February 19, 1991: US04993386 (117 worldwide citation)

An operation control system for an engine using alcohol fuel or mixed fuel of alcohol and hydrocarbon, or for an engine supplying cooling liquid such as alcohol, water or the like as fuel. Vapor concentration in exhaust gas and an air excess ratio of air-fuel mixture are detected, and a supply rate ...