1
Jack Bridges, Allen Taflove, Richard Snow: Method for in situ heat processing of hydrocarbonaceous formations. IIT Research Institute, Martin Novack, February 20, 1979: US04140180 (346 worldwide citation)

The disclosure describes a technique for uniform heating of relatively large blocks of hydrocarbonaceous formations in situ using radio frequency (RF) electrical energy that is substantially confined to the volume to be heated and effects dielectric heating of the formations. An important aspect of ...


2
Jack Bridges, Allen Taflove: Apparatus and method for in situ heat processing of hydrocarbonaceous formations. IIT Research Institute, Martin Novack, March 20, 1979: US04144935 (328 worldwide citation)

The disclosure describes a technique for uniform heating of relatively large blocks of hydrocarbonaceous formations in situ using radio frequency (RF) electrical energy that is substantially confined to the volume to be heated and effects of dielectric heating of the formations. An important aspect ...


3
Guggilam C Sresty, Richard H Snow, Jack E Bridges: Recovery of liquid hydrocarbons from oil shale by electromagnetic heating in situ. IIT Research Institute, Fitch Even Tabin & Flannery, December 4, 1984: US04485869 (316 worldwide citation)

A method of electromagnetic heating in situ recovers liquid hydrocarbons from an oil shale formation containing kerogen in an inorganic matrix where the formation is substantially impermeable to fluids under native conditions. A block of the oil shale formation is substantially uniformly heated in s ...


4
Jack E Bridges, Allen Taflove, Guggilam C Sresty: Single well stimulation for the recovery of liquid hydrocarbons from subsurface formations. IIT Research Institute, Fitch Even Tabin & Flannery, June 25, 1985: US04524827 (298 worldwide citation)

Water is vaporized in an annular upper region of a subsurface formation into which borehole extends from the surface. This creates a substantially nonconducting dielectric in such region extending outwardly from the borehole. Such vaporization is preferably achieved by the application of electrical ...


5
Jack E Bridges: Apparatus and method for in situ controlled heat processing of hydrocarbonaceous formations with a controlled parameter line. IIT Research Institute, Fitch Even Tabin & Flannery, February 12, 1985: US04498535 (240 worldwide citation)

A system and method provide for preferential in situ heating of earth formations. A plurality of elongated conductive electrodes are emplaced in earth formations in respective spaced rows bounding a particular volume of the earth formations and forming a transmission line, preferably a triplate line ...


6
Jack E Bridges, Allen Taflove: Conduction heating of hydrocarbonaceous formations. IIT Research Institute, Fitch Even Tabin & Flannery, October 8, 1985: US04545435 (212 worldwide citation)

A waveguide structure is emplanted in the earth to bound a particular volume of an earth formation with a waveguide structure formed of respective rows of discrete elongated electrodes wherein the spacing between rows is greater than the distance between electrodes in a respective row and in the cas ...


7
Jack E Bridges, Guggilam C Sresty: Apparatus for electrode heating of earth for recovery of subsurface volatiles and semi-volatiles. IIT Research Institute, Fitch Even Tabin & Flannery, April 15, 1997: US05621845 (158 worldwide citation)

Improved methods and apparatus are disclosed for confining ohmic heating currents to a subsurface formation in the use of in situ ohmic heating for recovery of volatile and semi-volatile materials, such as hazardous waste, hydrocarbon-like materials, and valuable minerals having thermally responsive ...


8
Guggilam C Sresty, Harsh Dev, Richard H Snow, Jack E Bridges: Method for recovery of viscous hydrocarbons by electromagnetic heating in situ. IIT Research Institute, Fitch Even Tabin & Flannery, December 4, 1984: US04485868 (148 worldwide citation)

A method of electromagnetic heating in situ recovers liquid hydrocarbons from an earth formation containing viscous hydrocarbonaceous liquid and water in an inorganic matrix where the formation is substantially impermeable to fluids under native conditions. A block of the earth formation is substant ...


9
Jack E Bridges, Harsh Dev, Richard H Snow, Allen Taflove: In situ decontamination of spills and landfills by radio frequency heating. IIT Research Institute, Fitch Even Tabin & Flannery, June 2, 1987: US04670634 (105 worldwide citation)

A water-containing region at or near the surface of the earth, such as a landfill, that is contaminated with hazardous materials is decontaminated by heating the region with bound radio frequency energy from a bound-wave transmission line excitor array disposed outside the region to a temperature to ...


10
Jack E Bridges: Energy-efficient electromagnetic elimination of noxious biological organisms. IIT Research Institute, Dorn McEachran Jambor & Keating, July 5, 1994: US05326530 (76 worldwide citation)

An energy-efficient method for killing noxious biological organisms (bacteria, insects, etc.) in contaminated materials ranging from liquid, semi-liquid, and solid foods pharmaceuticals and hospital wastes comprises passing the contaminated material through an exposure chamber; screening, comminutio ...



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