1
Peter M Bonutti: Method of dissecting tissue layers. General Surgical Innovations, Lyon & Lyon, May 7, 1996: US05514153 (433 worldwide citation)

An active cannula or sleeve which does more than merely maintain a channel or passage is usable to create and/or enlarge a channel or passage, to position a scope or instrument, to move or locate tissue, etc. The cannula can vary in size or shape as needed, intraoperatively. Because a cannula of the ...


2
Peter M Bonutti: Mechanically expandable arthroscopic retractors. General Surgical Innovations, Lyon & Lyon, March 30, 1999: US05888196 (365 worldwide citation)

A mechanically expandable retractor for use in arthroscopic surgery. The retractor has an expanding portion at its distal end for expanding against sub-surface tissues when the retractor is in use. The expanding portion includes a plurality of radially expanding arms. The radially outermost surface ...


3
George D Hermann, Christopher Eric Thayer: Screw-type skin seal with inflatable membrane. General Surgical Innovations, Lyon & Lyon, February 16, 1999: US05871474 (288 worldwide citation)

A skin seal or trocar stabilizer with an inflatable membrane disposed inside, whereby medical instruments may be passed through the skin seal into a endoscopic work space while the inflatable membrane is inflated, thereby allowing the use of normal short conventional open surgery instruments during ...


4
Peter M Bonutti: Method of performing balloon dissection. General Surgical Innovations, Lyon & Lyon, September 16, 1997: US05667520 (282 worldwide citation)

A retractor for use in arthroscopic surgery. The retractor has a mechanical expanding portion for expanding against sub-surface tissues when the retractor is in use. The retractor also has a fluid-operated expanding portion, which may be independently controllable, for expanding against sub-surface ...


5
Kenneth H Mollenauer, Michelle Y Monfort: Skin seal with inflatable membrane. General Surgical Innovations, Lyon & Lyon, June 3, 1997: US05634937 (267 worldwide citation)

A skin seal or trocar stabilizer with an inflatable balloon in the shape of a dumbbell, where the balloon may be stored within a cannula for easy placement in an incision and inflated to deploy the balloon inside the body, and a portion of the balloon expands inside the cannula, whereby medical inst ...


6
George D Hermann, Cristopher E Thayer: Screw-type skin seal with inflatable membrane. General Surgical Innovations, Lyon & Lyon, June 3, 1997: US05634911 (247 worldwide citation)

A skin seal or trocar stabilizer with an inflatable membrane disposed inside, whereby medical instruments may be passed through the skin seal into a endoscopic work space while the inflatable membrane is inflated, thereby allowing the use of normal short conventional open surgery instruments during ...


7
Roger A de la Torre, James Stephen Scott, George D Hermann, Thomas A Howell, James E Jervis, Kenneth H Mollenauer, Roderick A Young: Laparoscopic access port for surgical instruments or the hand. General Surgical Innovations, Howell & Haferkamp L C, August 5, 1997: US05653705 (245 worldwide citation)

A flexible, fluid-tight envelope provides access for a hand and surgical instruments through a body tissue incision while maintaining insufflation pressure or a pneumoperitoneum within the body. The envelope is transparent and has an interior volume with opposite proximal and distal ends. A first op ...


8
Kenneth H Mollenauer, Michelle Y Monfort: Surgical instrument for placing suture or fasteners. General Surgical Innovations, Howell & Haferkamp L C, October 8, 1996: US05562685 (240 worldwide citation)

A surgical instrument for use in placing suture or fasteners in tissue at a remote location such as a laproscopic surgery is comprised of an elongated handle having a coiled projection at its distal end. The coiled projection is employed in penetrating and positioning a length of suture or fastener ...


9
Maciej K Kieturakis, Helmut Kayan, Jan M Echeverry, Thomas A Howell, Kenneth H Mollenauer, James E Jervis: Apparatus and method for developing an anatomic space for laparoscopic procedures with laparoscopic visualization. General Surgical Innovations, Lyon & Lyon, July 30, 1996: US05540711 (239 worldwide citation)

Apparatus for creating an anatomic space in tissue in a body of a patient using a cannula with proximal and distal extremities and a bore extending therethrough to provide an open end. A balloon having an inflated space is provided. The balloon is capable of assuming collapsed and inflated condition ...


10
Helmut L Kayan, James E Jervis: Apparatus and method for surgical fastening. General Surgical Innovations, November 25, 2003: US06652538 (213 worldwide citation)

Apparatus and methods for applying fasteners during endoscopic surgery. The apparatus generally comprises a handle portion, a triggering mechanism and a fastener applicator. One embodiment of the invention forms the fastener around a single focal point on an anvil. Another embodiment vertically stac ...